Michael D. Cohen (academic)

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Michael D. Cohen
Born (1945-03-22)March 22, 1945
Sheridan, Wyoming
Died February 2, 2013(2013-02-02) (aged 67)
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Fields organization theory
Institutions University of Michigan
Alma mater University of California, Irvine
Known for Garbage Can Model

Michael D. Cohen (22 March 1945 - 2 February 2013)[1] was the William D. Hamilton Collegiate Professor of Complex Systems, Information and Public Policy at the University of Michigan.[2]

Early life and Education

Cohen received his B.A. in History at Stanford University in 1966, and his Ph.D. in Social Science at the University of California, Irvine in 1972.[2]

Career

Cohen's research centered on learning and adaptation within organizations in response to changing environments. He wrote many articles and books which contributed to theories of organizational decision making. Much of his work employed computer simulation.[3]

Garbage Can Model

In 1972, as a NSF-SSRC post-doctoral fellow at Stanford University, Cohen worked with James G. March and visiting professor Johan Olsen from the University of Bergen. Together they published the paper; A Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice.[4] The paper, since frequently cited, describes a model which disconnects problems, solutions and decision makers from each other. This was a novel approach compared to traditional decision theory.[5] The paper includes Fortran source code to demonstrate the model.

Complexity

By 1981, Cohen was working at the University of Michigan.[6]

Cohen's research and publication continued to use computers to model complex organizational behavior. In 1995 he worked with Robert Axtell, Robert Axelrod and Joshua M. Epstein and compared two agent based models; Axelrod's model with Epstein and Axtell's Sugarscape.[7]

In 2000 Cohen and Axelrod went on to publish a book on complexity in organizations: Harnessing Complexity: Organizational Implications of a Scientific Frontier.[8]

Other works

Cohen's later work included studies in organizational behavior in hospitals, with a view to improving patient care.[9] Much of this work focused on "handoffs"; the transfer of responsibility for patients from one team or department to another.[10]

Selected Publications

1970-1980

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  • Cohen, Michael D.; March, James G. (March 1, 1986). Leadership and Ambiguity: The American College Presidency (2 ed.). Boston: Harvard Business School Press. p. 320. ISBN 978-0-87584-131-1 (1st edition, 1974, New York:McGraw-Hill, Chinese edition 2006.)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

1980-1990

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1990-2000

  • Cohen, Michael; Sproull, Lee, eds. (1991). "Organizational Learning: Papers in Honor of (and by) James G. March". Organization Science. 2 (1) Special edition. (Reprinted, with additions and a new introduction, by Sage Publications, November, 1995.)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  • Cohen, Michael (May 1999). "Preface to the Special Issue on Complexity". Organization Science. 10 (3).<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Axelrod, Robert; Cohen, Michael D. (May 12, 2000). Harnessing Complexity: Organizational Implications of a Scientific Frontier. Free Press. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-684-86717-5 (Paperback; 2001, Basic Books, ISBN 0-684-86717-6. Editions in French, 2001, and Japanese, 2003.)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

2000-2010

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  • Cohen, Michael D.; Dosi, Giovanni; Levinthal, Daniel; et al., eds. (2003). "Institutions and Organizations, a Special Issue in Honor of James March". Industrial and Corporate Change (Fall). |chapter= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Cohen, Michael D.; Riolo, Rick L.; Axelrod, Robert (2004). ""Must there be human genes specific to prosocial behavior?" a response to Henrich, Joseph, "Cultural Group Selection…"". Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization. 53: 49–51.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Cohen, Michael D.; Riolo, Rick L.; Axelrod, Robert (2005). "Tags, Interaction Patterns and the Evolution of Cooperation". In Mitchell, M.; Booker, L.; Forrest, S.; et al. Perspectives on Adaptation, Evolution and Complex Adaptive Systems. Oxford University Press.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  • Cohen, Michael D.; Wesorick D.W., Fleming A., Hsu R., Kim C., Lee F., Lim S., Mangrulkar R., Parekh V., Thompson M., Yakel E., Kramer M. (May 2006). Standardized Observations of Cross-Cover Events in Hospitalized Patients: What goes "bump" in the night?" (Poster). Washington D.C.: Society of Hospital Medicine National Conference,. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  • Cohen, Michael D. (2007). Diamond, Peter; Vartiainen, Hannu, eds. "Behavioral Economics and Its Applications: Proceedings of the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation 50th Anniversary Conference". Princeton New Jersey: Princeton University Press. |chapter= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  • Cohen, Michael D.; March, James G.; Olsen, Johan P. (Aug 28, 2007). "The Garbage Can Model". In Clegg, Stewart; Bailey, James R. International Encyclopedia of Organization Studies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. ISBN 978-1-4129-1515-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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References

  1. "Michael D. Cohen - CV" (PDF). The Internet Archive. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 25, 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Michael D. Cohen". University of Michigan Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy. Retrieved 5 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Michael D. Cohen - People - Michigan Interactive & Social Computing". University of Michigan. Retrieved 6 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  5. "Glossary G". Economic Geography Glossary. Washington University. Retrieved 6 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  8. Axelrod, Robert; Cohen, Michael D. (May 12, 2000). Harnessing Complexity: Organizational Implications of a Scientific Frontier. Free Press. p. 208. ISBN 978-0-684-86717-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Investigator Awards " Investigators And Their Projects " Investigator Details". Retrieved 5 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Patient Handoffs between Emergency Department and Inpatient Physicians: A Qualitative Study to Inform Standardization of Practice - Projects - Michigan Interactive &amp Social Computing". University of Michigan. Retrieved 6 February 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links