Garden County, Nebraska

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Garden County, Nebraska
Garden County, Nebraska courthouse from SE 1.JPG
Garden County Courthouse in Oshkosh
Map of Nebraska highlighting Garden County
Location in the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded 1909
Seat Oshkosh
Largest city Oshkosh
 • Total 1,731 sq mi (4,483 km2)
 • Land 1,704 sq mi (4,413 km2)
 • Water 27 sq mi (70 km2), 1.5%
 • (2010) 2,057
 • Density 1.2/sq mi (0/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Garden County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,057.[1] Its county seat is Oshkosh.[2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Garden County is represented by the prefix 77 (it had the seventy-seventh-largest number of vehicles registered in the state when the license plate system was established in 1922).


Garden County was formed in 1909 by popular vote. Voters in the general election of November 2, 1909, approved making the northern part of Deuel County into its own county.[3] It is said that the county was so named in the hope that this land should become the garden of the West or with allusion to the "Garden of Eden".[4]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,731 square miles (4,480 km2), of which 1,704 square miles (4,410 km2) is land and 27 square miles (70 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

National protected area


Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 3,538
1920 4,572 29.2%
1930 5,099 11.5%
1940 4,680 −8.2%
1950 4,114 −12.1%
1960 3,472 −15.6%
1970 2,929 −15.6%
1980 2,802 −4.3%
1990 2,460 −12.2%
2000 2,292 −6.8%
2010 2,057 −10.3%
Est. 2014 1,911 [6] −7.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]
Lone tree on the prairie, on Rt 92, just before Lisco.

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,292 people, 1,020 households, and 658 families residing in the county. The population density was 1 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,298 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (0/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.34% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.52% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. 1.44% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 43.5% were of German, 10.0% Irish, 9.6% American and 9.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 1,020 households out of which 24.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.90% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.40% were non-families. 32.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.77.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 4.60% from 18 to 24, 22.70% from 25 to 44, 27.00% from 45 to 64, and 24.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 94.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,458, and the median income for a family was $32,546. Males had a median income of $21,495 versus $17,000 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,414. About 10.80% of families and 14.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.00% of those under age 18 and 8.70% of those age 65 or over.


Like much of the Nebraska Panhandle Garden County is a traditionally Republican county. It was one of only two counties Ben Nelson failed to carry in 1994.[12] In Presidential elections the last Democratic candidate to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932.[13] As part of Nebraska's 3rd congressional district it has been represented by Republicans since 1961.


See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), p130, p479
  4. [1] Retrieved on March 15, 2008.
  5. "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved December 7, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 7, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 7, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. David Leip Electoral Atlas (Maps for Nebraska gubernatorial races)
  13. Geographie Electorale

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