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Gardoqui Family of Bilbao, Spain

Wealthy Basque proprietors of the 18th-Century House of José Gardoqui and Sons (la Casa de José Gardoqui e hijos) of Bilbao, Spain.[1][2]

The most famous member of this family was Don Diego de Gardoqui Arriquibar (1735-1798), who was the first Ambassador of Spain to the United States and Spanish Finance Minister in 1792, after the death of Don Pedro López de Lerena, Count of Lerena.

Spain made loans to the United States to be used to furnish war supplies through the House of Gardoqui, which "supplied the patriots with 215 bronze cannon - 30,000 muskets - 30,000 bayonets - 51,314 musket balls - 300,000 pounds of powder - 12,868 grenades - 30,000 uniforms - and 4,000 field tents during the war."[3][4]

There was a Catholic Cardinal in the family: Francsco Antonio Javier de Gardoqui Arriquíbar (1747-1820).[5][6]

See also


  1. Román Basurto, Linajes y fortunas mercantiles de Bilbao del siglo XVIII, 4 Revista de Estudios Marítimos del País Vasco 343 (2003).
  2. Reyes Calderón Cuadrado, Empresarios españoles en el proceso de independencia norteamericana: la Casa Gardoqui e hijos de Bilbao (2004).
  3. National Park Service, Diego de Gardoqui: Personal Information.
  4. The Colonization of North America 1492 to 1783- Herbert E. Bolton, Thomas Maitland Marshall. pg 507
  5. See entry at
  6. See entry in Biographical Dictionary.

External links