Gaspard Dughet

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Gaspard Dughet (15 June 1615 – 27 May 1675), also known as Gaspard Poussin, was a French painter born in Rome.

Life

Dughet was born in Rome, the son of a French pastry-cook [1] and his Italian wife.[2] He has always generally been considered as a French painter, although in fact he never visited France.[1] In around 1635 he became a pupil of Nicolas Poussin, who had married his sister Anne five years earlier.[1] Because of this connection he was widely known as "Gaspard Poussin"[2]

He specialised in painting landscapes of the Roman Campagna[3] becoming, along with his exact contemporary Salvator Rosa, one of the two leading landscape painters of his time.[1] He painted several cycles of frescoes, including one, showing various sites around Rome, at the Colonna Palace.[1] He worked with Pier Francesco Mola, Cozza, and Mattia Preti at the Palazzo Pamphilj in Valmontone.[3] He often collaborated with Guillaume Courtois who painted the staffage in his landscapes. This was the case, for instance, in the works for the Palazzo Pamphilj.[4] There is another fresco cycle by Dughet, though in a bad state of preservation, in San Martino ai Monti.[3]

Dughet died in Rome on 27 May 1675.

Influence

During the 18th century Dughet's work became especially popular amongst British collectors,[2] to such an extent that his name became attached to almost any classical landscape,[1] and his style proved influential on British landscape painting and garden design.[2] His Sacrifice of Abraham, once the property of the Colonna, is now, with other of his works, in the National Gallery, London.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Rosenberg, Pierre (1982). "DUGHET Gaspar also known as Gaspar Poussin". France in the Golden Age: Seventeenth Century Paintings in American Collections. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art. p. 243. ISBN 9780870992957.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Collectionn "Treasure of the Month – February 2012" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 6 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Encyclopædia Britannica 1911
  4. Simonetta Prosperi Valentini Rodinò, Courtois, Guillaume, in: Treccani, accessed 14 March 2015 (Italian)

Sources

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>