General Public

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General Public
Ranking Roger and Dave Wakeling, 1994
Background information
Origin United Kingdom
Genres New wave, 2 Tone
Years active 1984–1987, 1994–1995
Labels I.R.S., Epic
Associated acts The Beat, Dexys Midnight Runners, The Specials, The Clash
Past members Dave Wakeling
Ranking Roger
Mickey Billingham
Horace Panter
Mick Jones
Kevin White
Gianni Minardi
Mario Minardi
Michael Railton
Norman Jones
Wayne Lothian
Randy Jacobs
Thomas White
Dan Chase

General Public were a band formed by The Beat vocalists, Dave Wakeling and Ranking Roger, and which included former members of Dexys Midnight Runners, The Specials and The Clash. They are best remembered for their North American Top 40 hits "Tenderness" (1984) and "I'll Take You There" (1994).


After the 1983 break-up of The Beat (known as The English Beat in North America), Dave Wakeling and Ranking Roger decided to continue working together in a new venture. They joined up with keyboardist Mickey Billingham (Dexys Midnight Runners), guitarist Mick Jones (The Clash), bassist Horace Panter (The Specials) and drummer Stoker (Dexys Midnight Runners/The Bureau) to form a quasi-supergroup of the UK punk/ska/mod scene. The band was dubbed General Public and was signed to Virgin Records in the UK and I.R.S. Records in North America.

The band recorded and released the album All the Rage in 1984. Jones left General Public part way through the recording process, but he is listed in the album's inner sleeve credits as a group member (although he did not appear in any of the band photographs). Jones' replacement, guitarist Kevin White, also played on the album and was also listed an official group member. White's picture also appeared on the album's back cover.

In the UK, General Public had a minor hit with the eponymous track "General Public", which reached No. 60 in the UK Singles Chart in 1984.[1] The single's B-side "Dishwasher" (an instrumental mix of "Burning Bright" from All The Rage) became a surprise Top 40 hit in the Netherlands, after its use as a closing theme tune to the pop radio show Avondspits.[citation needed]

Later in the year, the band fared even better in North America, where their second single "Tenderness" was a Top 40 hit in Canada (No. 11) and the US (No. 27). It is featured in the John Hughes films Weird Science (1985) and Sixteen Candles (1984), and in Amy Heckerling's Clueless (1995). Another song, "Taking the Day Off", was featured in Ferris Bueller's Day Off (1986).

For the follow-up album, White and Stoker were replaced by brothers Gianni and Mario Minardi on guitar and drums, respectively. Hand to Mouth was significantly less successful than their debut album, and the band dissolved soon after its release.[citation needed]

Roger and Wakeling worked on various solo projects for the next few years, before reconstituting General Public in 1994 to perform a cover version of The Staple Singers hit "I'll Take You There" for the Threesome film soundtrack. The new General Public line-up retained only vocalists Wakeling and Roger from previous incarnations; the vocal duo was now backed by Michael Railton (keyboards), Randy Jacobs (guitars), Wayne Lothian (bass), Thomas White (drums), and Norman Jones (percussion).

"I'll Take You There" was a Top 40 hit in the US and Canada and a minor hit in the UK (No. 73). Jacobs and White then left the group, and new drummer Dan Chase was brought in. The sextet released the album Rub It Better for Epic Records in 1995, recorded in the USA with the aid of record producer Jerry Harrison. Guests on the album included Mick Jones, Saxa, Pato Banton, and Chris Spedding; ex-band members Horace Panter and Stoker also participated in the album's creation, co-writing one song apiece. (Stoker also received an "additional recording" credit.) Sales were less than earlier albums, however, and Roger became tired of travelling to America, and they soon broke up again.

Since 2004, Dave Wakeling has toured the US with a full backing band as The English Beat. They often perform General Public tracks.[citation needed]


Studio albums

Year Album details Peak chart
(sales threshold)
1984 All the Rage 26 19
1986 Hand to Mouth
  • Second studio album
  • Release date: 1986
  • Label: I.R.S. Records
151 84
1995 Rub It Better
  • Third studio album
  • Release date: 4 April 1995
  • Label: Epic Records
"—" denotes released that did not chart

Compilation albums

Year Album details
2002 Classic Masters
  • First compilation album
  • Release date: 26 January 2002
  • Label: Capitol Records


Year Single Peak chart positions Album
1984 "General Public" 60 41 All the Rage
"Dishwasher" 38
"Tenderness" 95 50 11 27 15 39
1985 "Never You Done That" 105 13
"Hot You're Cool" 16
1986 "Faults and All" Hand to Mouth
"Too Much or Nothing" 83 21
"In Conversation" 23
1994 "I'll Take You There" 73 14 8 22 1 6 Threesome (soundtrack)
1995 "Rainy Days" 93 40 Rub It Better
"—" denotes releases that did not chart

See also


  1. Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 224. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "allmusic ((( General Public > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". AllMusic. Retrieved 8 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Results - RPM - Library and Archives Canada: Top Albums/CDs". RPM. Retrieved 8 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Canadian Recording Industry Association search results". Canadian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved 9 May 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links