General Workers' Union of Germany

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General Workers' Union of Germany (German: Allgemeine Arbeiter-Union Deutschlands; AAUD), was the name of factory organisations formed following the German Revolution of 1918–1919 in opposition to the traditional trade unions. The AAUD was formed by the left communists in the Communist Workers' Party of Germany (KAPD) who considered organising based on trades as being an outmoded form of organisation and instead advocated organising workers based on factories, thus forming the AAUD. The council communists organised these factory organisations as the basis for region-wide workers' councils.[1]

A section of the AAUD led by Otto Rühle, based in Essen, split from the AAUD, forming the Essen tendency of the AAUD, AAUD-E.[2]


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