George David Cummins

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George David Cummins
Bishop G. D. Cummins
Born (1822-12-11)December 11, 1822
Delaware, United States
Died June 26, 1876(1876-06-26) (aged 53)
Lutherville, Maryland, United States
Alma mater Dickinson College
Occupation Religious leader
Known for Founder of the Reformed Episcopal Church

George David Cummins (December 11, 1822 – June 26, 1876) was an American bishop and founder of the Reformed Episcopal Church.

Life and career

He was born in Delaware on December 11, 1822. Cummins graduated from Dickinson College, located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in 1841,[1] and entered the Methodist ministry.

In 1845, he took orders in the Protestant Episcopal Church. After serving as rector of Episcopal parishes in Virginia, Washington, and Chicago, Cummins was appointed Assistant Bishop of Kentucky in 1866.[2]

A staunch Evangelical of Reformed doctrine, Cummins opposed the influences of Ritualism and the Anglo-Catholic Oxford Movement.[3] In 1873, he was criticized for receiving communion with ministers outside of the Protestant Episcopal Church and resigned his position. He then founded the Reformed Episcopal Church, of which he was the first presiding bishop, in New York City.[2]


Cummins died in Lutherville, Maryland, on June 26, 1876.[4]

See also