German Texan

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Marker commemorating German immigration to the Texas Hill Country, located in Indianola, Texas
The Wahrenberger House in Austin served as a German-American school.[1]

German Texans are an ethnic category belonging to residents of the state of Texas who acknowledge German ancestry and self-identify with the term, and from their first immigration to Texas in the 1830s, the Germans tended to cluster in ethnic enclaves. A majority settled in a broad, fragmented belt across the south-central part of the state.[2] In 1990, about three million Texans considered themselves at least part German.[3] German Texans form a subgroup of German Americans.


A large portion of the early settlers were Forty-Eighters, who dispersed into areas of Central Texas, where, after a period of activism during the 1850s, Civil War and Reconstruction, they lived in relative obscurity as teachers, doctors, civil servants, local politicians, musicians, farmers, and ranchers.[4]

The Adelsverein, or Verein zum Schutze deutscher Einwanderer in Texas (Society for the Protection of German Immigrants in Texas), was a group of Germans dedicated to colonizing Texas in the 1800s.[3]

German-American cultural institutions in Texas include the Sophienburg Museum in New Braunfels, the Pioneer Museum in Fredericksburg,[5] the Witte-Schmid Haus Museum in Austin County.[6] the German-Texan Heritage Society,[7] and the Texas German Society.[8]

See also


  1. A 10K Walk Through German-Texas Heritage in Austin, Texas. The University of Texas at Austin. 3/6. Retrieved on November 15, 2009.
  2. Germans from the Handbook of Texas Online
  3. 3.0 3.1 "William Eberling – German Texan". Texas State Cemetery. Retrieved 2013-06-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Forty-Eighters from the Handbook of Texas Online
  5. "German Texans: Curriculum for Students" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-06-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Witte-Schmid Haus Museum, "Das Haus"". Texas German Society. Retrieved 2013-06-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. German-Texan Heritage Society
  8. Texas German Society

Further reading

  • Biesele, Rudolph Leopold, The History of the German Settlements in Texas: 1831–1861. 1930, 1964. Reprint, San Marcos: German-Texan Heritage Society, 1987.
  • Jordan, Terry G. The German Settlement of Texas after 1865. Southwestern Historical Quarterly. Vol. 73, No. 2, Oct. 1969, pp. 193–212.
  • Jordan, Terry G. German Seed in Texas Soil: Immigrant Farmers in Nineteenth-Century Texas. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1966, 1975, etc.
  • Lich, Glen E. The German Texans. San Antonio: University of Texas at San Antonio Institute of Texan Cultures, 1981; revised, 1996.
  • Lonn, Ella Foreigners in the Confederacy. First published in 1940, it remains the only work on the subject, republished February 2002
  • The German Texans. San Antonio: University of Texas Institute of Texan Cultures at San Antonio, 1970, 1987. (Pamphlet in the "Texians and Texans" series)

External links