German submarine U-565

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History
Nazi Germany
Name: U-565
Ordered: 24 October 1939
Builder: Blohm & Voss, Hamburg
Yard number: 541
Laid down: 3 March 1940
Launched: 20 February 1941
Commissioned: 10 April 1941
Fate: Scuttled, after being earlier bombed by US aircraft, on 24 September 1944 at position Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found. in the Mediterranean.
General characteristics
Class & type: Type VIIC submarine
Displacement:
  • 769 tonnes (757 long tons) surfaced
  • 871 t (857 long tons) submerged
Length:
Beam:
  • 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in) o/a
  • 4.70 m (15 ft 5 in) pressure hull
Height: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)
Draught: 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in)
Installed power:
  • 2,800–3,200 PS (2,100–2,400 kW; 2,800–3,200 bhp) (diesels)
  • 750 PS (550 kW; 740 shp) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) surfaced
  • 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph) submerged
Range:
  • 8,500 nmi (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surfaced
  • 80 nmi (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph) submerged
Test depth:
  • 230 m (750 ft)
  • Crush depth: 250–295 m (820–968 ft)
Complement: 4 officers, 40–56 enlisted
Armament:
Service record[1]
Part of:
Commanders:
  • Oblt.z.S. Johann Jebsen
  • 10 April 1941 – 17 March 1942
  • Kptlt. Wilhelm Franken
  • 17 March 1942 – 7 October 1943
  • Kptlt. Fritz Henning
  • 8 October 1943 – 24 September 1944
Operations:
  • 1st patrol: 8 July - 6 August 1941
  • 2nd patrol: 1 September – 7 October 1941
  • 3rd patrol: 3 November – 25 December 1941
  • 4th patrol: 21 January – 17 March 1942
  • 5th patrol: 11–30 April 1942
  • 6th patrol: 7 May – 10 June 1942
  • 7th patrol: 9 July – 4 August 1942
  • 8th patrol: 16–25 August 1942
  • 9th patrol: 31 August – 4 September 1942
  • 10th patrol: 25 October – 13 November 1942
  • 11th patrol: 23 November 1942 – 1 January 1943
  • 12th patrol: 14 February – 5 March 1943
  • 13th patrol: 8 April – 12 May 1943
  • 14th patrol: 17 June – 23 July 1943
  • 15th patrol: 7 September – 1 October 1943
  • 16th patrol: 23 October – 4 November 1943
  • 17th patrol: 6–23 November 1943
  • 18th patrol: 12–27 December 1943
  • 19th patrol: 15–7 March 1944
  • 20th patrol: 1 April – 2 May 1944
  • 21st patrol: 26 August – 13 September 1944
Victories:
  • 3 merchant ships sunk (11,347 GRT)
  • 2 merchant ship damaged (17,565 GRT)
  • 2 warships sunk (6,990 tons)

German submarine U-565 was a Type VIIC U-boat built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine for service during World War II. She was laid down on 3 March 1940 by Blohm & Voss in Hamburg as yard number 541, launched on 20 February 1941 and commissioned on 10 April 1941 under Oberleutnant Johann Jebsen.

Design

German Type VIIC submarines were preceded by the shorter Type VIIB submarines. U-565 had a displacement of 769 tonnes (757 long tons) when at the surface and 871 tonnes (857 long tons) while submerged.[2] She had a total length of 67.10 m (220 ft 2 in), a pressure hull length of 50.50 m (165 ft 8 in), a beam of 6.20 m (20 ft 4 in), a height of 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in), and a draught of 4.74 m (15 ft 7 in). The submarine was powered by two Germaniawerft F46 four-stroke, six-cylinder supercharged diesel engines producing a total of 2,800 to 3,200 metric horsepower (2,060 to 2,350 kW; 2,760 to 3,160 shp) for use while surfaced, two BBC GG UB 720/8 double-acting electric motors producing a total of 750 metric horsepower (550 kW; 740 shp) for use while submerged. She had two shafts and two 1.23 m (4 ft) propellers. The boat was capable of operating at depths of up to 230 metres (750 ft).[2]

The submarine had a maximum surface speed of 17.7 knots (32.8 km/h; 20.4 mph) and a maximum submerged speed of 7.6 knots (14.1 km/h; 8.7 mph).[2] When submerged, the boat could operate for 80 nautical miles (150 km; 92 mi) at 4 knots (7.4 km/h; 4.6 mph); when surfaced, she could travel 8,500 nautical miles (15,700 km; 9,800 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph). U-565 was fitted with five 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes (four fitted at the bow and one at the stern), fourteen torpedoes, one 8.8 cm (3.46 in) SK C/35 naval gun, 220 rounds, and an anti-aircraft gun. The boat had a complement of between forty-four and sixty.[2]

Service history

The boat's service began on 10 April 1941 with training as part of the 1st U-boat Flotilla. She was transferred to the 29th flotilla on 1 January 1942 in the Mediterranean where she remained until being scuttled in 1944. In 21 patrols she sank three merchant ships, for a total of 11,347 gross register tons (GRT), plus two warships sunk and another two merchant ships damaged.[3]

Wolfpacks

She took part in two wolfpacks, namely,

  • Arnauld (5–18 November 1941)
  • Wal (10–12 November 1942)

U-565 was badly damaged by bombs dropped by US aircraft on 19 September 1944 in the Mediterranean near Skaramanga in Greece. She was eventually scuttled in Salamis by 3 depth charges on 24 September 1944.

Summary of raiding history

Date Name Nationality Tonnage[Note 1] Fate[4]
11 March 1942 HMS Naiad  Royal Navy 5,450 Sunk
23 April 1942 Kirkland  United Kingdom 1,361 Sunk
18 December 1942 HMS Partridge  Royal Navy 1,540 Sunk
24 February 1943 Nathanael Greene  United States 7,176 Damaged
27 February 1943 Seminole  United Kingdom 10,389 Damaged
20 April 1943 Michigan  United States 5,594 Sunk
20 April 1943 Sidi-Bel-Abbès  Free France 4,392 Sunk

See also

References

Notes

  1. Merchant ship tonnages are in gross register tons. Military vessels are listed by tons displacement.

Citations

  1. Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-565". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 15 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Gröner 1991, pp. 43-46.
  3. Busch & Röll 1999.
  4. Helgason, Guðmundur. "Ships hit by U-565". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 15 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (1999). Deutsche U-Boot-Verluste von September 1939 bis Mai 1945. Der U-Boot-Krieg (in German). IV. Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn: Mittler. ISBN 3-8132-0514-2. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Gröner, Erich; Jung, Dieter; Maass, Martin (1991). U-boats and Mine Warfare Vessels. German Warships 1815–1945. 2. Translated by Thomas, Keith; Magowan, Rachel. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-593-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Sharpe, Peter (1998). U-Boat Fact File. Great Britain: Midland Publishing. ISBN 1-85780-072-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

  • Helgason, Guðmundur. "The Type VIIC boat U-565". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 28 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Hofmann, Markus. "U 565". Deutsche U-Boote 1935-1945 - u-boot-archiv.de (in German). Retrieved 28 December 2014. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>