|Known for||Hymns in Rigveda|
|Notable work||Two hymns in Rigveda in praise of Ashvini Kumars|
Ghosha (Sanskrit: घोषा) was an ancient Vedic period Indian female philosopher and seer. From a young age she suffered from a skin ailment which had disfigured her. Ashvini Kumars cured her and restored her youthfulness, health and beauty. As a result, she got married and had a son. She was proficient in the Vedas and had even scripted two hymns in the Rigveda. She was called as mantradrika meaning well versed in mantras. She was also known as a Brahmavadini or speaker or proclaimer of Brahmana and led a purposeful spiritual life.
Ghosha was born during the Vedic period in India. Her father was Kakshivat and grandfather was Dīrghatamas and both of them had written hymns in the Rigveda. She was suffering from a skin ailment and was confined to the house attending to her father. According to a hymn, she suffered from leprosy, which had disfigured her. She was thus a celibate for a long period. She fervently prayed to Asvini Kumars, the divine physician twins of the time, who were proficient in rejuvenation. They taught her Madhu Vidhya, a Vedic teaching, a science of secret learning to restore youth and acquire immense knowledge, to get her cured of skin ailment. Because of her constant prayers Ashvini Kumars cured her skin problem and restored her beauty. She was then married. She had a son, Suhstya, who also composed a hymn in the Rigveda.
Ghosha composed two hymns in praise of the Ashvini Kumars which are contained in two suktas (hymns) of the tenth Mandala (book) of Rigveda, chapter X hymns 39 and 40, each containing 14 verses. The first hymn praises the Ashvins. The second hymn is a personal desire expressing her intimate feelings and desires for married life. The two hymns are:
|“||Asvins Your radiant Chariot -whither goes it on its way? Who decks it for you, Heroes, for its happy course starting at daybreak visiting each morning every house, borne hitherward through prayer unto the sacrifice?||”|
|“||Where are you, Asvins, in the evening, where at morn? Where is your halting place, where rest ye for the night? O Heroes, this I beg of you. 'Be near me in the day, be near me in the night'.||”|
- "Ghosha". Indian Scripture.com. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
- Singh 2008, p. 27.
- Mahendra Kulasrestha (2006). The Golden Book of Rigveda. Lotus Press. p. 221. ISBN 978-81-8382-010-3.
- Vivekananda 1954, p. 161.
- Vettam Mani (1975). Puranic encyclopaedia. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 291. ISBN 978-0-8426-0822-0.
- Prabhu 1991, p. 257.
- "Women In Ancient India". Ghosha. Indic Studies Foundation. Retrieved 7 December 2015.
- Pandey 2008, p. 21.
- Raghavan 2009, p. 32.
- Pandey, B. K. (2008). Encyclopaedia of Indian philosophers. Anmol Publications. ISBN 978-81-261-3524-0.
- Prabhu, Pandharinath H. (1991). Hindu Social Organization: A Study in Socio-psychological and Ideological Foundations. Popular Prakashan. ISBN 978-81-7154-206-2.
- Raghavan, Geerpuram Nadadur Srinivasa (2009). Discovering the Rigveda. Gyan Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-7835-778-2.
- Singh, Achyut Kumar (2008). Edu.& National Character. APH Publishing. ISBN 978-81-313-0277-4.
- Vivekananda, Swami (1954). Awakened India. Swami Smaranananda.