Gilbert Kennedy, 4th Earl of Cassilis

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Gilbert Kennedy, 4th Earl of Cassilis, PC (c. 1541–14 December 1576) was a Scottish peer, the son of Gilbert Kennedy, 3rd Earl of Cassilis. He succeeded to the titles of 6th Lord Kennedy and 4th Earl of Cassillis on 28 November 1558. He fought in the Battle of Langside on 13 May 1568, for the side of Mary, Queen of Scots.

He married Margaret Lyon, daughter of John Lyon, 7th Lord Glamis;[1] and became a Protestant after his marriage. They had two legitimate children.

Cassilis was known as the "King of Carrick" for the feudal influence he possessed in that region.

Cassilis died in 1576 after falling from his horse.[2]

Roasting of the Commendator

In 1565, he seized Allan Stewart, the Commendator of Crossraguel, and imprisoned him at Dunure Castle, seeking to obtain from him certain of the rights over the lands of Crossraguel Abbey. For two days he was left to consider his fate, when Stewart proved recalcitrant, Cassilis had him dragged to the Black Vault of Dunure, and roasted him alive over a fire until he was willing to subscribe to the charters the Earl had drawn up.[2][3] Stewart was finally rescued by his brother-in-law, the Laird of Bargany, who captured Dunure and procured his deliverance.[4] The rescue, however, occasioned a feud between the subsequent Earls of Cassilis and Lairds of Bargany.


  1.  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). [ "Kennedy, Gilbert (1541?-1576)" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Dictionary of National Biography. 30. London: Smith, Elder & Co.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Kennedy family". Retrieved 23 September 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Love, Dane (2003). Discovering a County. Fort Publishing. ISBN 0-9544461-1-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "History of Dunure Castle". Retrieved 23 September 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Gilbert Kennedy
Earl of Cassilis
Succeeded by
John Kennedy