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Gironda  (Occitan)
Department of France
Prefecture building in Bordeaux
Prefecture building in Bordeaux
Flag of Gironde
Coat of arms of Gironde
Coat of arms
Location of Gironde in France
Location of Gironde in France
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Prefecture Bordeaux
Subprefectures Arcachon
 • President of the Departmental Council Jean-Luc Gleyze (PS)
 • Total 10,000 km2 (4,000 sq mi)
Population (Jan. 2018)[1]
 • Total Lua error in Module:Wd at line 405: invalid escape sequence near '"^'.
 • Rank 7th
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Department number 33
Arrondissements 6
Cantons 33
Communes 535
^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km2.

Gironde (/ʒɪˈrɒnd/ ZHI-rond[2] US usually, /ɪˈ-/ JI--,[3][4] French: [ʒiʁɔ̃d]; Occitan: Gironda, pronounced [dʒiˈɾundo]) is the largest department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of Southwestern France. Named after the Gironde estuary, a major waterway, its prefecture is Bordeaux. In 2016, it had a population of 1,566,679. The famous Bordeaux wine region is in Gironde. It has six arrondissements, making it one of the departments with the most arrondissements (Nord also has six, while Pas-de-Calais has the most of any department, with seven).


Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1801 502,723 —    
1806 522,371 +0.77%
1821 522,041 −0.00%
1831 554,225 +0.60%
1841 568,034 +0.25%
1851 614,387 +0.79%
1861 667,193 +0.83%
1872 705,149 +0.50%
1881 748,703 +0.67%
1891 793,528 +0.58%
1901 821,131 +0.34%
1911 829,095 +0.10%
1921 819,128 −0.12%
1931 852,768 +0.40%
1936 850,567 −0.05%
1946 858,381 +0.09%
1954 896,517 +0.54%
1962 935,448 +0.53%
1968 1,009,390 +1.28%
1975 1,061,480 +0.72%
1982 1,127,546 +0.87%
1990 1,213,499 +0.92%
1999 1,287,532 +0.66%
2006 1,393,758 +1.14%
2016 1,566,679 +1.18%

Gironde is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Guyenne and Gascony.

From 1793 to 1795, the department's name was changed to Bec-d'Ambès to avoid the association with the Girondist political party of the French Revolution.


Gironde is part of the current region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine and is surrounded by the departments of Landes, Lot-et-Garonne, Dordogne and Charente-Maritime and the Atlantic Ocean on the west. With an area of 10,000 km2, Gironde is the largest department in metropolitan France. If overseas departments are included, however, Gironde's land area is dwarfed by the 83,846 km2 of French Guiana.

Gironde is well known for the Côte d'Argent beach which is Europe's longest, attracting many surfers to Lacanau each year. It is also the birthplace of Jacques-Yves Cousteau who studied the sea and all forms of life in water.

The Great Dune of Pyla in Arcachon Bay near Bordeaux is the tallest sand dune in Europe.[6]


The President of the Departmental Council is Jean-Luc Gleyze of the Socialist Party.

Party seats
Socialist Party 45
The Republicans 12
French Communist Party 3
Miscellaneous Right 1
MoDem 1
Hunting, Fishing, Nature, Tradition 1

Current National Assembly Representatives

Constituency Member[7] Party
Gironde's 1st constituency Dominique David La République En Marche!
Gironde's 2nd constituency Catherine Fabre La République En Marche!
Gironde's 3rd constituency Loïc Prud'homme La France Insoumise
Gironde's 4th constituency Alain David Socialist Party
Gironde's 5th constituency Benoît Simian La République En Marche!
Gironde's 6th constituency Éric Poulliat La République En Marche!
Gironde's 7th constituency Bérangère Couillard La République En Marche!
Gironde's 8th constituency Sophie Panonacle La République En Marche!
Gironde's 9th constituency Sophie Mette MoDem
Gironde's 10th constituency Florent Boudié La République En Marche!
Gironde's 11th constituency Véronique Hammerer La République En Marche!
Gironde's 12th constituency Christelle Dubos La République En Marche!


See also


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  5. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  6. C.G. (14 August 2009). Les Adresses de Mathilde Seigner et Fabien Onteniente. Le Figaro Magazine. (French)

External links