Glasgow Trades Council
The trades council was originally founded in 1858 as the Glasgow United Trades Council. Future MP Alexander MacDonald of the miners played an important role, but did not hold any prominent post, and was able to attend only as an honorary member of the Flint Glass Makers' Sick and Friendly Society.
As the trades council of a major industrial city, it began playing a national role, and in 1864 it hosted an early meeting of trade unions from across the UK. By this point, about two-thirds of the trade unions in the city had affiliated, with the important Lanarkshire Miners' County Union following in the 1870s. The council also helped set up unions in areas where there was no appropriate body, organising unions for sailors, carters, and most importantly what became the National Union of Dock Labourers.
In 1884, the council ran four candidates for Glasgow Town Council, without success. However, another attempt in 1888 led to the election of H. Tait, followed a year later by J. M. Jack, and in 1890 by A. J. Hunter and John Battersby. This experience led the council to support Keir Hardie's candidature at the Mid Lanarkshire by-election, 1888; it supported but did not affiliate to Hardie's Scottish Labour Party, and played a central role in establishing the Scottish United Trades Councils Labour Party. Both labour parties stood candidates in the city at the 1892 UK general election.
The council played a key role in the creation of the Scottish Trades Union Congress (STUC) in 1897, and held national meetings which established organisations including the National Labour Housing Council, the National Committee of Organised Labour for Promoting Old Age Pensions for All, and the Scottish section of the Workers' Educational Association. It also undertook local campaigns, such as for the municipalisation of the trams.
In 1904, the council shortened its name to "Glasgow Trades Council", but it soon became the "Glasgow Trades and Labour Council", also representing the local Labour Party, and its secretary served the two bodies jointly until 1942. This led to suspicion of the body on Red Clydeside, and the Clyde Workers' Committee did not engage with the council. However, following World War I, the Communist Party of Great Britain became strong on the council, which affiliated to the National Minority Movement, leading some trade unions to withdraw.
In 1951, the council refused to obey an STUC order not to support CPGB-led peace campaign. In response, the STUC ordered the council to dissolve. Eventually, a compromise was found, with the council reforming as the Glasgow District Trades Council, with new staff and premises.
- 1858: Matthew Lawrence
- 1863: George Newton
- 1870s: John Lang
- 1870s: Duncan Kennedy
- 1880s: A. J. Hunter
- 1902: George Carson
- 1916: William Shaw
- 1937: Arthur Brady
- 1942: George Middleton
- 1949: J. C. Hill
- 1953: John Johnston
- 1964: Hugh Wyper
- 1970: John Reidford
- 1980s: Jane McKay
- 2010s: Tricia Donnelly
- Archives Hub, "Records of Glasgow District Trades Council, trades council, Glasgow, Scotland"
- Takao Matsumura, The Labour Aristocracy Revisited: The Victorian Flint Glass Makers, 1850-80, p.124
- William Kenefick, Red Scotland!: The Rise and Fall of the Radical Left, C. 1872-1932, pp.11, 31
- Harry McShane, Centenary brochure, 1858-1958: a hundred years of progress
- David Howell, British Workers and the Independent Labour Party, 1888-1906, p.150
- J. J. Smyth, Labour in Glasgow, 1896-1936: Socialism, Suffrage, Sectarianism, p.41
- Alan Clinton, The Trade Union Rank and File: Trades Councils in Britain, 1900-40, pp.42, 45, 209
- Alan Clinton, The Trade Union Rank and File: Trades Councils in Britain, 1900-40, p.31
- Alan Clinton, The Trade Union Rank and File: Trades Councils in Britain, 1900-40, pp.76, 170
- Alan Clinton, The Trade Union Rank and File: Trades Councils in Britain, 1900-40, p.148