Glossary of ancient Egypt artifacts

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Ancient Egypt artifacts.

Glossary of ancient Egypt artifacts and materials

  • Amulet—Predynastic, and onward.
  • Canopic jar—Vessel containing internal body organs removed during mummifiication
  • Canopic chest—The common chest contained the four Canopic jars.
  • Crook—Symbol of pharaonic power. Symbol of the god Osiris
  • Faience—Glasswork articles, amulets, etc.
  • False door—an artistic representation of a door, a common architectural element in the tombs.
  • Flail—Symbol of pharaonic power. Symbol of the god Osiris
  • Flint knife— prestige funerary good, from the Naqada period until the end of the Early Dynastic Period
  • Funerary cone; (Mesopotamia had clay nails)
  • Headrest—Found in tombs, etc. Typically personal, or a memorial headrest.
  • Menat&mdash and counterpoise; required a counterweight on back. (Often shown-(menat and counterpoise) just being held in the hand of the woman, Goddess, etc.)
  • Microlith—Ancient Egyptian stone flakes.
  • Mummy—body after mummification.
  • Naos—religious shrine; portable shrine for carrying a god.
  • Ostracon—Pottery sherd, limestone Sherd, used as writing material.
  • Cosmetic palette—Slab of stone, sometimes decorated, used for preparing cosmetics. See: Narmer Palette; and: Category:Archaeological palettes.
  • Papyrus—Material made from papyrus reeds, used as writing and painting material.
  • Pectoral (Ancient Egypt)many forms. (Up to 13 additional Gardiner-unlisted determinative hieroglyphs for the "pectoral"; See Gardiner's sign list.)
  • Saqqara Bird—Wooden bird model.
  • Sarcophagus—a funeral receptacle for a corpse, most commonly carved in stone.
  • Scarab: amulet or seal in the form of an abstract dung beetle
  • Senet—A board game.
  • Shabti—Figurines placed in the tomb as substitutes for the tomb owner in the next world
  • Sistrum—Musical instrument, a metal rattle.
  • Sphinx
    • Statuary—Pharaonic and non-pharaonic. (Range of sizes.)
    • Amulets—numerous, (and predynastic).
  • Stele
    • Boundary Stele—Placed at boundaries.
    • Memorial Stele—Pharaonic or non-pharaonic.
    • Monumental Stele—Offered to gods, special individuals, etc.
    • Votive Stele—private, dedication.
    • Victory Stele—Pharaonic.
  • Talatat—limestone wall blocks, at times painted.
  • Ushabtishabtis from the 21st Dynasty and later.

See also


  • Reeves, Nicholas. Ancient Egypt, The Great Discoveries, a Year-by-Year Chronicle,
  • Nicholas Reeves, (Thames and Hudson Ltd. London), c.2000. Glossary: p. 242