Godwin's law (or Godwin's rule of Nazi analogies) is an Internet adage asserting that "As an online discussion grows longer, the probability of a comparison involving Nazis or Hitler approaches 1"—
Promulgated by American attorney and author Mike Godwin in 1990, Godwin's Law originally referred specifically to Usenet newsgroup discussions. It is now applied to any threaded online discussion, such as Internet forums, chat rooms, and blog comment threads, as well as to speeches, articles, and other rhetoric.
Some people have seen similarities between Godwin's Law and, more generally, people critical of mainstream scientific views being referred to as "flat Earthers" regardless of whether they believe in the flat Earth theory (generally considered to be pseudoscience) or not.
Corollaries and usage
There are many corollaries to Godwin's law, some considered more canonical (by being adopted by Godwin himself) than others. For example, there is a tradition in many newsgroups and other Internet discussion forums that once such a comparison is made, the thread is finished and whoever mentioned the Nazis has automatically lost whatever debate was in progress. This principle is itself frequently referred to as Godwin's law.
Godwin's law applies especially to inappropriate, inordinate, or hyperbolic comparisons of other situations (or one's opponent) with National Socialists – often referred to as "playing the Hitler card". The law and its corollaries would not apply to discussions covering known mainstays of National Socialist Germany such as genocide, eugenics, or racial superiority, nor, more debatably, to a discussion of other totalitarian regimes or ideologies, if that was the explicit topic of conversation, because a Nazi comparison in those circumstances may be appropriate, in effect committing the fallacist's fallacy, or inferring that an argument containing a fallacy must necessarily come to incorrect conclusions. Whether it applies to humorous use or references to oneself is open to interpretation, because this would not be a fallacious attack against a debate opponent.
Although falling foul of Godwin's law tends to cause the individual making the comparison to lose his argument or credibility, Godwin's law itself can be abused as a distraction, diversion or even as censorship, fallaciously miscasting an opponent's argument as hyperbole when the comparisons made by the argument are actually appropriate. Similar criticisms of the "law" (or "at least the distorted version which purports to prohibit all comparisons to German crimes") have been made by Glenn Greenwald.
Godwin's law does not claim to articulate a fallacy; it is instead framed as a memetic tool to reduce the incidence of inappropriate hyperbolic comparisons. "Although deliberately framed as if it were a law of nature or of mathematics, its purpose has always been rhetorical and pedagogical: I wanted folks who glibly compared someone else to Hitler or to Nazis to think a bit harder about the Holocaust", Godwin has written. In December, 2015, Godwin cited several articles on Republican presidential candidate Donald J. Trump for their Nazi and Fascist comparisons.
- Association fallacy
- List of adages named after people
- Reductio ad Hitlerum
- Think of the children
- Straw Man Fallacy
- Tim Skirvin (1999–2009). "How to post about Nazis and get away with it—the Godwin's law FAQ". Skirv's Wiki. Retrieved May 7, 2006.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Godwin, Mike (October 1994). "Meme, Counter-meme". Wired. Retrieved March 24, 2006. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- Godwin, Mike (January 12, 1995). "Godwin's law of Nazi Analogies (and Corollaries)". EFF.org. Electronic Frontier Foundation. pp. "Net Culture – Humor" archive section. Retrieved June 19, 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Godwin, Mike (August 18, 1991). "Re: Nazis (was Re: Card's Article on Homosexuality". Newsgroup: rec.arts.sf-lovers. Usenet: 1991Aug18.email@example.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ben Goldacre (September 16, 2010). "Pope aligns atheists with Nazis. Bizarre. Transcript here". bengoldacre – secondary blog. Archived from the original on March 25, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Stanley, Timothy (March 6, 2014). "Hillary, Putin's no Hitler". Opinion. CNN. Retrieved March 6, 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Godwin's law". Oxford English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved February 27, 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Internet rules and laws: the top 10, from Godwin to Poe". The Daily Telegraph (London), October 23, 2009.
- David Weigel, "Hands Off Hitler! It's time to repeal Godwin's Law" Reason magazine, July 14, 2005
- Greenwald, Glenn (July 1, 2010) The odiousness of the distorted Godwin's Law, Salon.com
- "I Seem To Be A Verb: 18 Years of Godwin's Law". Jewcy.com. April 30, 2008. Retrieved April 16, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Godwin, Mike (December 14, 2015). "Sure, call Trump a Nazi. Just make sure you know what you're talking about". Washington Post.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Anderson, Nate (September 1, 2011). "No Nazi comparisons? Sounds like something Hitler would say!". Ars Technica. Retrieved September 1, 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
|Look up godwin's law in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- Godwin's law FAQ (alternate link)
- "I Seem to be a Verb"; Mike Godwin's commentary on the 18th anniversary of Godwin's law
- "My Nazi Can Beat Up Your Nazi" by Michael Sietzman
- "Is it ever OK to call someone a Nazi?". BBC News. July 14, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Voices on Antisemitism Interview with Mike Godwin from the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
- Interview with "Mike Godwin on Godwin's Law" by Dan Amira, New York magazine, March 8, 2013
- Wired 2.10; Meme, Counter-Meme by Mike Godwin