Goethe University Frankfurt
|Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main|
|Königliche Universität zu Frankfurt am Main|
|Established||October 18, 1914|
|Budget||€ 602,6 Mio. (2014)|
|Vice-president||Tanja Brühl, Brigitte Haar, Enrico Schleiff, Manfred Schubert-Zsilavecz|
|6,274 (Teacher education) (2016)|
|Location||Frankfurt am Main, Hesse, Germany
|Sports||Badminton, Basketball, Association football, Handball, Rowing, Water polo|
It was founded in 1914 as a citizens' university, which means that, while a state university of Prussia, it was founded and funded by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt, a unique feature in German university history. The original name was Universität Frankfurt am Main. In 1932, the university's name was extended in honour of one of the most famous locals of Frankfurt, the poet and writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. It is thus also referred to as the Goethe University in both formal and informal settings. The university currently has around 46,000 students, distributed across four major campuses within the city.
18 Nobel Prize winners have been affiliated with the university, including Max von Laue and Max Born. The university is also affiliated with 11 winners of the prestigious Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize. The university celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2014. The first female president of the university, Birgitta Wolff, was sworn into office in 2015.
The University of Frankfurt has at times been considered liberal, or left-leaning, and has had a reputation for Jewish and Marxist (or even Jewish-Marxist) scholarship. During the Nazi period, "almost one third of its academics and many of its students were dismissed for racial and/or political reasons—more than at any other German university". The university also played a major part in the German student movement of 1968.
The university has historically best been known for its Institute for Social Research (founded 1924), the institutional home of the Frankfurt School, a preeminent 20th century school of philosophy and social thought. Some of the well-known scholars associated with this school include Theodor Adorno, Max Horkheimer, and Jürgen Habermas, as well as Herbert Marcuse, Erich Fromm, and Walter Benjamin. Other well-known scholars at the University of Frankfurt include the sociologist Karl Mannheim, the philosopher Hans-Georg Gadamer, the philosophers of religion Franz Rosenzweig, Martin Buber, and Paul Tillich, the psychologist Max Wertheimer, and the sociologist Norbert Elias.
The university also has also been influential in the natural sciences and medicine, with Nobel Prize winners including Max von Laue and Max Born, and breakthroughs such as the Stern–Gerlach experiment.
In recent years, the university has focused in particular on law, history, and economics, creating new institutes, such as the Institute for Law and Finance (ILF) and the Center for Financial Studies (CFS). One of the university's ambitions is to become Germany's leading university for finance and economics, given the school's proximity to one of Europe's financial centers. The Goethe Business School offers a M.B.A. program, in cooperation with Duke University’s Fuqua School of Business. Goethe university has established an international award for research in financial economics, the Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics.
The university consists of 16 faculties. Ordered by their sorting number, these are:：
- 01. Rechtswissenschaft (Law)
- 02. Wirtschaftswissenschaften (Economics and Business Administration)
- 03. Gesellschaftswissenschaften (Social Sciences)
- 04. Erziehungswissenschaften (Educational Sciences)
- 05. Psychologie und Sportwissenschaften (Psychology and Sports Sciences)
- 06. Evangelische Theologie (Protestant Theology)
- 07. Katholische Theologie (Roman Catholic Theology)
- 08. Philosophie und Geschichtswissenschaften (Philosophy and History)
- 09. Sprach- und Kulturwissenschaften (Faculty of Linguistics, Cultures, and Arts)
- 10. Neuere Philologien (Modern Languages)
- 11. Geowissenschaften/Geographie (Geosciences and Geography)
- 12. Informatik und Mathematik (Computer Science and Mathematics)
- 13. Physik (Physics)
- 14. Biochemie, Chemie und Pharmazie (Biochemistry, Chemistry and Pharmacy)
- 15. Biowissenschaften (Biological Sciences)
- 16. Medizin (Medical Science)
In addition, there are several co-located research institutes of the Max Planck Society:
- Max-Planck-Institut für Biophysik (research on biophysics)
- MPI für Hirnforschung (research on the brain)
- MPI für europäische Rechtsgeschichte (history of the European law)
The University is located across four campuses in Frankfurt am Main:
- Campus Westend:
Headquarters of the university, also housing Social sciences, Pedagogy, Psychology, Theology, Philosophy, History, Philology, Archaeology, Law, Economics and Business Administration, Human geography
- Campus Bockenheim:
University library, Mathematics, Computer science, Art history, Fine Arts
- Campus Riedberg:
Pharmacy, Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biology, Geosciences and Geography
- Campus Niederrad:
Medical science, Dentistry, University hospital
Other facilities include the university sports complex on Ginnheimer Landstraße in Frankfurt-Bockenheim.
“Campus Westend” of the University is dominated by the IG Farben Building by architect Hans Poelzig, an example of neoclassicist architecture. The style for the IG Farben Building was originally chosen as "a symbol for the scientific and mercantile German manpower, made out of iron and stone", as the IG Farben director at the time of construction, Baron von Schnitzler, stated in his opening speech in October 1930.
When the university took over the complex, the same style was also adopted for several new buildings. On 30 May 2008, the House of Finance relocated to a new building designed by the architects Kleihues+Kleihues, following the style of the IG Farben Building. The upper floors of the House of Finance building have several separate offices as well as shared office space for researchers and students. The ground floor is open to the public and welcomes visitors with a spacious, naturally lit foyer that leads to lecture halls, seminar rooms, and the information center, a 24-hour reference library. The ground floor also accommodates computer rooms and a café. The floors, walls and ceiling of the foyer are decorated with a grid design that is continued throughout the entire building. The flooring is inspired by Raphael's mural, The School of Athens.
Goethe Business School
The Goethe Business School is a graduate business school at the university, established in 2004, part of the House of Finance at the Westend Campus. it is a non-profit foundation under private law held by the university. The Chairman of the Board at GBS, Rolf E. Breuer, is former Chairman of the Supervisory Board of Deutsche Bank. Goethe Business School has a partnership in Executive Education with the Indian School of Business (ISB) in Hyderabad.
The Deutsche Bank Prize
The Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics honors renowned researchers who have made influential contributions to the fields of finance and money and macroeconomics, and whose work has led to practical and policy-relevant results. It is awarded biannually, since 2005, by the Center for Financial Studies, in partnership with Goethe University Frankfurt. The award carries an endowment of €50,000, which is donated by the Stiftungsfonds Deutsche Bank im Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft.
Notable faculty (excerpt)
- Theodor W. Adorno (1903–1969), double Ordinarius of philosophy and sociology and member of the Frankfurt School
- Max Horkheimer, member of the Frankfurt School
- Jürgen Habermas, sociologist and a philosopher
- Hans Bethe, theoretical physicist (Nobel Prize 1967)
- Max Born, theoretical physicist and mathematician (Nobel Prize 1954)
- Klaus Bringmann, historian
- Rolf van Dick, social psychologist
- Paul Ehrlich, Nobel Prize Winner 1908
- Walter Gerlach, theoretical physicist
- Walter Hallstein (1901–1982), first President of the European Commission
- Helmut Kiener, psychologist turned investment professional, founder of the ponzi scheme K1 fund
- Vladimir Košak, economist, lawyer, politician and diplomat
- Josef Mengele, officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz
- Boudewijn Sirks, Professor of the History of Ancient Law from 1997 to 2005, later Regius Professor of Civil Law at Oxford
- Walter Greiner, theoretical physicist in high energy physics
- Alfred Schmidt, philosopher and translator
- Horst Stöcker, theoretical physicist
- Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, chemist
Nobel Prize winners (alumni and faculty)
- Paul Ehrlich: 1908 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Max von Laue: 1914 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Otto Loewi: 1914 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Paul Karrer: 1937 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Otto Stern: 1943 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Max Born: 1954 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Alexander Robertus Todd: 1957 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Karl Ziegler: 1963 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Hans Bethe: 1967 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Niels Kaj Jerne: 1984 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Gerd Binnig: 1986 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Jean-Marie Lehn: 1987 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Hartmut Michel: 1988 Nobel Prize for Chemistry
- Reinhard Selten: 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics
- Christiane Nüsslein-Volhard: 1995 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Horst Ludwig Störmer: 1998 Nobel Prize for Physics
- Günter Blobel: 1999 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine
- Peter Grünberg: 2007 Nobel Prize for Physics
- The New York Times: Among the World's 10 best Universities by employer choice. By far the best German University and the best University in Continental Europe. Goethe University was ranked 10 out of 150 top universities in 2012
- ARWU World (Shanghai Rankings): 101-150
- QS World University Rankings: 182
- Times Higher Education World University Rankings: 197
- QS World University Rankings of 2012 ranked Goethe University Frankfurt 201st in the world. Its individual subject rankings were: 106th in Arts & Humanities, 154th in Life Sciences & Biomedicine, 207th in Natural Sciences, and 101st in Social Sciences.
Points of interest
- Botanischer Garten der Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main, a botanical garden
- IG Farben Building
- "„Aus der Mitte der Stadtgesellschaft – 100 Jahre Goethe-Universität“ von Prof. Dr. Werner Müller-Esterl" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "100 Jahre Begeisterung. Jahrbuch 2014" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Kanzler der Goethe-Universität" (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Präsidentin der Goethe-Universität" (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Vizepräsidenten der Goethe-Universität" (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Studierendenstatistik (Daten pro Semester)" (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-27.
- "Nobel prize Physics laureates".
- "Leibniz Prize Laureates" (PDF).
- "Neue Uni-Präsidentin will kommunikativen Führungsstil". Retrieved 2015-03-03.
- "Die Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität auf dem Weg zur führenden Wirtschaftshochschule in Deutschland" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-09-26.
- "Faculties". Retrieved 2014-05-11.
- "Nobel Prize Goethe University". Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- "Loewi, Otto". Deutsche Biographie. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
- "Nobelpreisträger an der Goethe Universität".
- "Niels K. Jerne - Biographical". Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- "Jean-Marie Pierre Lehn - Curriculum Vitae". Retrieved 2016-03-11.
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- "World University Rankings 2015-2016". Times Higher Education. 2015. Retrieved October 1, 2015.
- "QS World University Rankings® 2015/16". Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 2015. Retrieved September 18, 2015.
- "Global Companies Rank Universities". New York Times. Retrieved 1 December 2012.
- "Academic Ranking of World Universities 2012". Retrieved 3 December 2012.
- "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results".
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