Governorate of New Castile

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Governorship of New Castile
Gobernación de Nueva Castilla
Spanish colony
Military flag
Spanish map of the administrative division of New Castile made in 1535
Capital Jauja 1533–1535
Lima after 1535
Languages Official: Spanish (de facto); common: Quechua, Kichwa, Aymara, Puquina.
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
 •  1516–1556 Charles I
 •  1528–1541 Francisco Pizarro
 •  1541–1544 Cristóbal Vaca de Castro
 •  1544–1548 Gonzalo Pizarro
(Self-proclaimed; unrecognized by Spanish court until death)
Historical era Spanish Empire
 •  Capitulation of Toledo 1528
 •  Atahualpa captured by the Spaniards
 •  Fall of Cuzco
 •  Appointment of Blasco Nunez Vela as Viceroy of Peru 1542
Currency Peso
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Inca Empire
Indigenous peoples of the Americas
Viceroyalty of Peru

The Governorate of New Castile (Gobernación de Nueva Castilla) was the gubernatorial region administered to Francisco Pizarro in 1528 by King Charles I of Spain, of which he was appointed governor.

The region roughly consisted of modern Peru and was after the foundation of Lima in 1535 divided. The conquest of the Inca empire in 1531–1533, performed by Pizarro and his brothers set the basis for the territorial boundaries of New Castile.

Governorates in Peruvian region

After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal, the Peruvian colonial administration was divided into four entities:

  • Governorate of New Castile, consisting of the territories from roughly the Ecuadorian-Colombian border in the north to Cuzco in the south.
  • Governorate of New Toledo, forming the previous southern half of the Inca empire, stretching towards central Chile.
  • New Andalusia Governorate, which was not formally conquered by Spain until decades later.
  • Governorate of New Léon, the southernmost part of the continent.

This territorial division set the basis for the colonial administration of South America for several decades. It was formally dissolved in 1544, when King Charles I sent his personal envoy, Blasco Núñez Vela, to govern the newly founded Viceroyalty of Peru that replaced the governorates.

See also


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