Governorates of the Spanish Empire

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After the territorial division of South America between Spain and Portugal in the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) the colonial administration of the continent was divided into Governorates.

Caribbean and Tierra Firme

File:Tierra Firme Coquivacoa.PNG

South America

Four enclaves after Spanish conquest of the Inca Empire:

The adelantado grants of Charles V prior to the establishment of the Viceroyalty of Peru.