Graeco-Phrygian

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Graeco-Phrygian
Greco-Phrygian
Geographic
distribution:
Linguistic classification: Indo-European
  • Graeco-Phrygian
Subdivisions:
Glottolog: grae1234[1]

Graeco-Phrygian /ˌɡrkˈfrɪiən/ is a hypothetical branch of the Indo-European language family with two branches in turn: Greek and Phrygian. Greek has also been variously grouped with Armenian (Graeco-Armenian; Graeco-Aryan), Ancient Macedonian (Graeco-Macedonian) and, more recently, Messapian. Multiple or all of these, with the exception of Armenian, are sometimes (tentatively) classified under "Hellenic"; at other times, Hellenic is posited to consist of only Greek. Blažek (2005, p. 6) says that, in regard with the classification of these languages, their surviving texts—because of their scarcity and/or their nature—can't be quantified.

Brixhe (2008) points to these features Greek and Phrygian are known to have in common and in common with no other language:

Bibliography

Further reading

  • Blažek, Václav (2005). "Paleo-Balkanian Languages I: Hellenic Languages" (PDF). Sborník prací Filozofické fakulty brněnské univerzity. 10. Brno: Masarykova univerzita. pp. 15–33. ISBN 80-210-3784-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Brixhe, Claude (2002). "Interactions between Greek and Phrygian under the Roman Empire". In Adams, J. N.; Janse, Mark (eds.). Bilingualism in Ancient Society: Language Contact and the Written Text. Oxford University Press. pp. 246–266.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fortson, Benjamin W. (2011). Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction (2nd ed.). Blackwell. pp. 203, 252.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Masson, Olivier (1991). "Anatolian Languages". In Boardman, John; Edwards, I. E. S. (eds.). The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press. pp. 668–9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Woudhuizen, Fred C. (2008–2009). "Phrygian & Greek" (PDF). Talanta, Proceedings of the Dutch Archaeological and Historical Society. 40–41. pp. 181–217. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 April 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  1. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Graeco-Phrygian". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>