Greenwich (UK Parliament constituency)

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Greenwich
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County Greater London
18321885
Number of members Two
Replaced by Deptford, Greenwich, Lewisham and Woolwich
Created from Kent
18851997
Number of members One
Replaced by Greenwich & Woolwich
Created from Greenwich

Greenwich was a parliamentary constituency in South-East London, which returned Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1832 to 1997 by the first past the post system.

History

From 1832 until 1885 it was a two-member constituency, but its representation was reduced to one Member of Parliament under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. For the 1997 general election, it was merged with part of the former Woolwich constituency to form the Greenwich and Woolwich seat.

Greenwich in the Metropolitan Board of Works area, 1885–1918
Greenwich in the County of London 1918–49
wards of Greenwich Metropolitan Borough in 1916
Greenwich in the County of London 1950–74

Its history is dominated by the area's strong maritime tradition. Its most prominent claim to fame was as the seat of William Ewart Gladstone between 1868 and 1880, and it also achieved prominence in the 1987 Greenwich by-election, when the SDP won a surprise victory.

Boundaries

1885–1918: The parishes of Greenwich, St Nicholas, Deptford, Charlton, and Kidbrooke.

1918–1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Greenwich (the wards of Charlton and Kidbrooke, Marsh, North West, North, South East, South, St Nicholas Deptford, and West).

1974–1983: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath, Charlton, Eastcombe, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Marsh, Park, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, and West.

1983–1997: The London Borough of Greenwich wards of Blackheath, Charlton, Ferrier, Hornfair, Kidbrooke, Rectory Field, St Alfege, Trafalgar, Vanbrugh, and West.

Between 1983 and 1997, the constituency formed the western part of the Royal Borough of Greenwich.

Members of Parliament

MPs 1832–1885

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
1832 constituency created with two members
1832 James Whitley Deans Dundas Liberal Edward George Barnard Liberal
1835 John Angerstein Liberal
1837 Matthias Wolverley Attwood Conservative
1841 James Whitley Deans Dundas Liberal
1851 by-election David Salomons Liberal
1852 by-election Houston Stewart Liberal
1852 Peter Rolt Conservative Montague Chambers Liberal
Feb 1857 by-election Sir William John Codrington Liberal
Mar. 1857 John Townsend Liberal
Feb. 1859 by-election David Salomons Liberal
1859 William Angerstein Liberal
1865 Sir Charles Tilston Bright Liberal
1868 William Ewart Gladstone Liberal
1873 by-election Sir Thomas William Boord Conservative
1880 Baron Henry de Worms Conservative
1885 Representation reduced to one member

MPs since 1885

Election Member Party
1885 Sir Thomas William Boord Conservative
1895 Lord Hugh Cecil Conservative
1906 Richard Stephens Jackson Liberal
Jan 1910 Ion Hamilton Benn Conservative
1922 George Hopwood Hume Conservative
1923 Edward Timothy Palmer Labour
1924 Sir George Hopwood Hume Conservative
1929 Edward Timothy Palmer Labour
1931 Sir George Hopwood Hume Conservative
1945 Joseph Reeves Labour
1959 Richard William Marsh Labour
1971 by-election Guy Barnett Labour
1987 by-election Rosie Barnes Social Democratic
1992 Nick Raynsford Labour
1997 constituency abolished

Elections

Elections in the 1880s

1885 General Election: Greenwich[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas William Boord 3,317 52.8 n/a
Liberal Herbert Watney 2,961 47.2 n/a
Majority 356 5.6 n/a
Turnout 72.7 n/a
Conservative win
1886 General Election: Greenwich[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas William Boord 3240 55.9 +3.1
Liberal George Crispe Whiteley 2551 44.1 -3.1
Majority 689 11.8
Turnout 67.1 -5.6
Conservative hold Swing +3.1

Elections in the 1890s

1892 General Election: Greenwich[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Thomas William Boord 4,200 52.0 -3.9
Liberal George Crispe Whiteley 3,877 48.0 +3.9
Majority 323 4.0 -7.8
Turnout 78.8 +11.7
Conservative hold Swing -3.9
1895 General Election: Greenwich[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Hugh Cecil 4,802 57.4 +5.4
Liberal George Crispe Whiteley 3,564 42.6 -5.4
Majority 1,238 14.8 +10.8
Turnout 76.8 -2.0
Conservative hold Swing +5.4

Elections in the 1900s

1900 General Election: Greenwich[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lord Hugh Cecil 5,454 61.0 +3.6
Liberal Richard Stephens Jackson 3,484 39.0 -3.6
Majority 1,970 22.0 +7.2
Turnout 73.0 -3.8
Conservative hold Swing +3.6
1906 General Election: Greenwich[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Richard Stephens Jackson 4,906 45.3 +6.3
Independent Conservative Ion Hamilton Benn 3,565 32.9 n/a
Conservative Lord Hugh Cecil 2,356 21.8 -39.2
Majority 1,341 12.4 -9.6
Turnout 13,049 83.0 +10.0
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing n/a
  • Cecil was a free-trader and Benn was a supporter of tariff reform

Elections in the 1910s

January 1910 General Election: Greenwich[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ion Hamilton Benn 6,284 55.3 +33.5
Liberal Richard Stephens Jackson 5,083 44.7 -0.6
Majority 1,201 10.6 -1.8
Turnout 13,153 86.4 +3.4
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +17.0
December 1910 General Election: Greenwich[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Ion Hamilton Benn 5697 57.9 +2.6
Liberal Hon. John William Harris 4146 42.1 -2.6
Majority 1,551 15.8 +5.2
Turnout 13,153 74.8 -11.6
Conservative hold Swing +2.6
General Election 1918: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ion Hamilton Benn 14,576
Labour James Bermingham 6,471
Majority 8,105
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s

General Election 1922: Greenwich [9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Hopwood Hume 16,933 61 -8.3
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 10,861 39.0 +8.3
Majority 6,072 21.8 -16.7
Turnout 27,794 60.4
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 12,314
Unionist George Hopwood Hume 10,746
Liberal Charles Garfield Lott Du Cann 5,806
Majority
Turnout
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 29 October 1924: Greenwich [10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir George Hopwood Hume 18,473 51.5
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 17,409 48.5
Majority 1,064 3.0
Turnout 35,882 75.2
Unionist gain from Labour
General Election 30 May 1929: Greenwich [11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 20,328 46.3 -2.2
Unionist Sir George Hopwood Hume 16,710 38.1 -13.4
Liberal W P Campbell 6,870 15.6 n/a
Majority 3,618 8.2 11.2
Turnout 43,908 70.4 -4.8
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +5.6

Elections in the 1930s

General Election 1931: Greenwich [12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir George Hopwood Hume 29,278 65.03 +26.9
Labour Edward Timothy Palmer 13,722 30.48 -15.8
Communist Mrs K Duncan 2,024 4.50 N/A
Majority 15,556 34.6 N/A
Turnout 45,024 71.03 +0.6
Registered electors 63,385
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +21.35
General Election 1935: Greenwich[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir George Hopwood Hume 22,526 52.43 -12.60
Labour Joseph Reeves 20,436 47.57 +17.09
Majority 2,090 3.51 -31.04
Turnout 49,213 67.79 -3.24
Registered electors 72,599
Conservative hold Swing -14.85

Elections in the 1940s

General Election 1945: Greenwich[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Reeves 22,078 65.60 +18.03
Conservative Augustus Willington Shelton Agar 11,580 34.40 -18.03
Majority 10,498 31.19 N/A
Turnout 33,658 70.08 +2.20
Registered electors 48,025
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +18.03

Elections in the 1950s

General Election 1950: Greenwich[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Reeves 29,379 57.85 -7.75
Conservative Alfred Ronald Dashwood Gilbey 18,255 35.95 +1.55
Liberal Leslie Maurice Dale 3,148 6.20 N/A
Majority 11,124 21.91 -9.28
Turnout 50,782 82.73 +12.65
Registered electors 62,132
Labour hold Swing -4.65
General Election 1951: Greenwich[18][19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Reeves 30,326 60.38 +2.53
Conservative William H Bishop 19,898 39.62 +3.67
Majority 10,428 20.76 -1.15
Turnout 50,224 80.95 -2.03
Registered electors 62,042
Labour hold Swing -0.57
General Election 1955: Greenwich[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Joseph Reeves 26,423 58.84 -1.54
Conservative William F Rhodes 18,484 41.16 +1.54
Majority 7,939 17.68 -3.08
Turnout 44,907 73.24 -7.71
Registered electors 61,314
Labour hold Swing -1.54
General Election 1959: Greenwich[22][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard William Marsh 25,204 56.15 -2.69
Conservative J Rodney Holmes 19,679 43.85 +2.69
Majority 5,525 12.31 -5.37
Turnout 44,883 74.11 +0.87
Registered electors 60,561
Labour hold Swing -2.69

Elections in the 1960s

General Election 1964: Greenwich [24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard William Marsh 22,814 56.18 +0.03
Conservative John Selwyn Gummer 12,592 31.01 -12.84
Liberal Michael PD Ellman 5,205 12.82 N/A
Majority 10,222 25.17 +13.14
Turnout 40,611 71.57 -2.54
Registered electors 56,742
Labour hold Swing +6.44
General Election 1966: Greenwich [26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard William Marsh 24,359 64.86 +8.68
Conservative John Selwyn Gummer 13,200 35.14 +4.13
Majority 11,159 29.71 +4.54
Turnout 37,559 67.70 -3.87
Registered electors 55,477
Labour hold Swing +6.41

Elections in the 1970s

General Election 1970: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Richard William Marsh 20,804 55.75
Conservative J Stuart Thom 13,195 35.36
Liberal Mrs. Pamela Wylan 3,319 8.89
Majority 7,609 20.39
Turnout 37,318 65.66
Labour hold Swing
Greenwich by-election, 1971
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nicolas Guy Barnett 14,671 66.73 +10.98
Conservative J Stuart Thom 6,150 27.97 -7.39
Fellowship Ronald Mallone 792 3.60 n/a
Independent Conservative Reginald Simmerson 285 1.30 n/a
Independent David Davies 89 0.40 n/a
Turnout 21,987
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Greenwich[28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nicholas Guy Barnett 20.164 51.29
Conservative Suzette Mary Tremlett Harold 11,294 28.73
Liberal Alastair James Drysdale Wilson 7,855 19.98
Majority 8,870 22.56
Turnout 39,313 75.01
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: : Greenwich[28][30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nicholas Guy Barnett 19,155 55.53 +4.24
Conservative Suzette Mary Tremlett Harold 9,249 26.81 -1.92
Liberal Alastair James Drysdale Wilson 5,838 16.92 -3.06
Independent David Green 254 0.74
Majority 9,906 28.72
Turnout 34,496 65.29
Labour hold Swing +3.08
General Election 1979: Greenwich[28][31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nicholas Guy Barnett 18,975 52.14 -3.38
Conservative Narindar Singh Saroop 12,133 33.34 +6.53
Liberal Graham Howard Knight 3,870 10.64 -6.29
National Front Helena Mary Steven 951 2.61
Fellowship Ronald Stephen Mallone 460 1.26
Majority 6,842 18.80
Turnout 36,389 70.63
Labour hold Swing -4.96

Elections in the 1980s

General Election 1983: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nicolas Guy Barnett 13,361 38.2 −13.9
Conservative Arthur Rolfe 12,150 34.8 +1.5
Social Democratic T. Ford 8,783 25.1 n/a
BNP Ian Dell 259 0.7 n/a
Fellowship Ronald Mallone 242 0.7 −0.6
Communist F. Hooks 149 0.4 n/a
Majority 1,211 3.5 −15.3
Turnout 67.7 −2.9
Labour hold Swing
Greenwich by-election, 1987
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Democratic Rosie Barnes 18,287 53.0 +27.9
Labour Deirdre Frances Mary Wood 11,676 33.8 −4.4
Conservative John Gordon Antcliffe 3,852 11.2 −23.6
Green Graham Bell 264 0.8 n/a
Rainbow Dream Ticket Malcolm Hardee 124 0.3 n/a
BNP Ian Dell 116 0.3 −0.4
National Front Joe Pearce 103 0.3 n/a
Revolutionary Communist Kate Marshall 91 0.3 n/a
Majority 6,611 19.2 +15.7
Turnout 68.2
Social Democratic gain from Labour Swing +16.2
General Election 1987: Greenwich
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Social Democratic Rosie Barnes 15,149 40.6 +15.5
Labour Deirdre Frances Mary Wood 13,008 34.9 −3.3
Conservative John Gordon Antcliffe 8,695 23.3 −11.5
Green J. Thomas 346 0.9 +0.9
Fellowship Ronald Mallone 59 0.2 −0.5
Communist Patricia Clinton 58 0.2 −0.2
Majority 2,141 5.7 +2.3
Turnout 37315 73.4 +5.7
Social Democratic gain from Labour Swing +9.4
  • swings relative to 1983 election, not 1987 by-election

Elections in the 1990s

General Election 1992: Greenwich[32]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Nick Raynsford 14,630 41.0 +6.2
Independent Social Democrat Rosie Barnes 13,273 37.2 −3.4
Conservative Alison McNair 6,960 19.5 −3.8
Green Robert McCracken 483 1.4 +0.4
Fellowship Ronald Mallone 147 0.4 +0.3
Independent Malcolm Hardee 103 0.3 +0.3
Natural Law John Small 70 0.2 +0.2
Majority 1,357 3.8 −1.9
Turnout 35,666 74.6 +1.2
Labour gain from Social Democratic Swing +4.8
  • The swing for Rosie Barnes is relative to her performance in 1987.

References

  1. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  3. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  4. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  5. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  6. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  7. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  8. British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  9. "The General Election. First Returns., Polls In The Boroughs., Heavy Voting". The Times. 16 November 1922. p. 7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "General Election 1924, Results in Detail". The Times. 31 October 1924. p. i.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "General Election 1929, Results in Detail". The Times. 1 June 1929. p. i.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "General Election Results 1931". The Times. 29 October 1931. p. i.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1931". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1935". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1945". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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  18. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. [2]
  20. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  21. [3]
  22. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  23. [4]
  24. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  25. [5]
  26. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 15 April 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  27. [6]
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 "'Greenwich', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 22 March 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results February 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1974". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1970". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 22 March 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  32. "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Buckinghamshire
Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
1868–1874
Succeeded by
Buckinghamshire