Guinea-Bissau–Russia relations

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Guinea-Bissau–Russia relations



Guinea-Bissau–Russia relations is the bilateral foreign relations between the two countries, Guinea-Bissau and Russia.

Soviet-era relations

Relations between the Soviet Union and the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC), led by Amílcar Cabral, began in the 50th anniversary year of the establishment of the USSR, and intensified in 1961, when training and arming of the party began. In 1965, the first group of 75 PAIGC leaders began training at a Soviet military school in Perevalne, where they were taught skills in the manufacture and use of explosives and guerrilla tactics.[1]

The Soviet Union and Guinea-Bissau established diplomatic relations on 6 October 1973.[2] In 1973, the Soviets began to supply the PAIGC with Strela 2 ground-to-air missiles for use in its war with the Portuguese.[3][4] On 21 February 1975, a number of agreements were signed by the two states, covering economic, technical, cultural and scientific co-operation, a trade agreement and an air services agreement[5]

Russian Federation relations

Diplomatic ties

On 31 December 1991, Guinea Bissau recognised the Russian Federation as the successor state of the Soviet Union, after the latter's dissolution.[6] Guinea-Bissau has an embassy in Moscow, and Russia has an embassy in Bissau. Russian citizens and embassy staff were evacuated from Guinea-Bissau in 1998 due to fighting between government and rebel forces.[7] The current Ambassador of Russia to Guinea-Bissau is Mikhail Valinsky, who was appointed by Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on 1 December 2008.[8] The current Ambassador of Guinea-Bissau to Russia is Rogério Araújo Adolfo Herbert, who presented his Letter of Credence to then-President of Russia Boris Yeltsin on 14 August 1997.[9]

Political ties

In August 2001, Russia forgave eighty percent of Guinea-Bissau's debt, which was reported to be valued at US$178 million.[10]

On 1 March 2009, João Bernardo Vieira, the President of Guinea-Bissau was assassinated by a group of Guinea-Bissauan soldiers. Russia condemned the assassination, and in noting its solidarity with the views of the African Union, the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs stated it is "against the forceful change of power".[11]

Cultural ties

Mr Helbert was held hostage in the embassy in Moscow in January 2005 by students from Guinea-Bissau who were protesting at their stipends not being paid.[12]

See also


  1. Гвинея-Бисау - Россия (in русский). Retrieved 2009-07-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Ginsburgs, George; Slusser, Robert M. (1981). A calendar of Soviet treaties, 1958-1973. BRILL. p. 819. ISBN 90-286-0609-2. Retrieved 2009-07-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Hoffmann, Erik P.; Fleron, Frederic J. (1980). The Conduct of Soviet foreign policy. Aldine Transaction. p. 520. ISBN 0-202-24156-4. Retrieved 2009-07-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Thom, William G. (July–August 1974). "Trends in Soviet Support for African Liberation". Air University Review. Retrieved 2009-07-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Ginsburgs, George (1987). A calendar of Soviet treaties, 1974-1980. BRILL. p. 450. ISBN 90-247-3628-5. Retrieved 2009-07-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. ОТНОШЕНИЯ МЕЖДУ РОССИЕЙ И ГВИНЕЕЙ-БИСАУ (in русский). Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 16 February 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-17.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Russia concerned at developments in Guinea Bissau - Foreign Ministry". ITAR-TASS. 20 October 1998. Retrieved 2009-07-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №1663 от 01.12.2008 «О назначении Валинского М.Я. Чрезвычайным и Полномочным Послом Российской Федерации в Республике Гвинея-Бисау». (President of RussiaUkaz #1663 of 1 December 2008 On the appointment of M.Ya Valinsky as Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the Republic of Guinea-Bissau. ).
  9. "Список руководителей дипломатических и консульских представительств зарубежных государств в России". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Russia). 11 November 2008. Retrieved 2009-03-04.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Guinea Bissau: Russia cancels 80 per cent of debt". Lisbon: Radiodifusão Portuguesa. 7 August 2001. Retrieved 2009-07-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Russia condemns assassination of Guinea-Bissau president". Moscow: RIA Novosti. 2 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-07-22.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "African envoy seized in Moscow". BBC News. 26 January 2005. Retrieved 2009-07-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>