|File:Gunnar Hökmark 02.JPG|
|Member of the European Parliament|
20 July 2004
( 16 years, 224 days)
|Secretary of the Moderate Party|
4 October 1991 – 4 September 1999
( 7 years, 335 days)
|Preceded by||Per Unckel|
|Succeeded by||Johnny Magnusson|
|Member of the Swedish Riksdag
for Stockholm Municipality
5 October 1998 – 19 July 2004
( 5 years, 288 days)
|Member of the Swedish Riksdag
for Stockholm County
4 October 1982 – 5 October 1998
( 16 years, 1 day)
|Born||Anders Gunnar Hökmark
19 September 1952
|Political party||Moderate Party|
|Alma mater||Lund University|
Hökmark is Vice Chairman of the EPP Group, the largest group in the European Parliament with 265 members. He is the leader of the Swedish delegation to the EPP and active in the Committee of Economic and Monetary Affairs and the Committee of Industry, Energy and Research. He is a member of the Special Committee on the Financial, Economic and Social Crisis as well as the Special Committee on the Policy Challenges and Budgetary Resources for a Sustainable European Union after 2013.
Hökmark is the Chairman of the Delegation to the EU-Croatia Joint Parliamentary Committee and active in the Delegation to the EURONEST Parliamentary Assembly. He is Chairman of the European Friends of Israel and the Sweden-Israel Friendship Association. Hökmark is a member of the Reconciliation of European Histories Group and affiliated with the Institute for Information on the Crimes of Communism. He co-sponsored the European Parliament resolution of 2 April 2009 on European conscience and totalitarianism.
Career and life
Gunnar Hökmark finished a B.A. in Business Administration and Economics at Lund university in 1975 and joined Swedish Unilever 1976 as trainee and became product manager 1977. After his military education, parallel with his university studies, he became an officer in the Armoured Forces of the Swedish Army and is today a captain in the reserve.
In 1986 he became managing director of Timbro Idea and developed the think tank division of Timbro, which is today the leading think tank in Sweden. During the time at Timbro he headed the think tank and research activities and took also the initiative to and launched the City University in 1988.
In 1989 he started the so-called Monday movement, a popular movement supporting the independence of the Baltic States that spread all over Sweden, which today is manifested by a monument at the main meeting place in Stockholm, Norrmalmstorg. He is awarded with Estonian, Latvian and Lithuanian orders.
He was the Secretary-General of the Moderate Party between 1991 and 2000, during which time he led a number of election campaigns as well as the referendum campaign about Sweden's membership in the European Union. He was responsible for the process of the Moderate Party joining the European People's Party as full member.
In 2000 he left his office as Secretary General and took the initiative to establish the think-tank Institute of Reform, where he was managing director, with a clear agenda to prepare policies for a shift of government after the general elections 2002, policies that could not be launched as the Social Democrats stayed in power.
- (1981) A New Deal
- (1982) When Might Goes Before Right
- (1983) Defending Freedom
- (1984) A Freer Sweden
- (1986) The Good Sweden (with Odd Eiken)
- (2005) Values of Freedom - A European Challenge
- (2007) The World Is Not Awaiting
- "Swedish MEP Gunnar Hökmark elected Vice-Chairman of the EPP Group - 26/11/2009 - EPP Group". Eppgroup.eu. 2009-11-26. Retrieved 2014-06-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Gunnar HÖKMARK". Europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 2014-06-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "About Us – Reconciliation of European Histories Group". Reconciliation of European Histories Group. Retrieved 1 August 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "UOK - Upplysning om kommunismen". Upplysningomkommunismen.se. Retrieved 2014-06-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Joint motion for a resolution: European Parliament resolution on European conscience and totalitarianism". Europa.eu. 30 March 2009. Retrieved 2011-05-10.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Biography for gunnar Hökmark". Silobreaker. Retrieved 2014-06-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Synen på fackets roll - Resultat av en undersökning från Demoskop | Timbro" (in svenska). Timbro.se. Retrieved 2014-06-05.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>