HMS Mauritius (80)

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HMS Mauritius moored.jpg
Mauritius in April 1942
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Mauritius
Namesake: Mauritius
Ordered: 20 December 1937
Builder: Swan Hunter, Tyne and Wear, United Kingdom
Laid down: 31 March 1938
Launched: 19 July 1939
Commissioned: 4 January 1940
Fate: Arrived at Inverkeithing to be scrapped by T.W. Ward Ltd. on 27 March 1965
General characteristics
Class & type: Crown Colony-class light cruiser
Length: 169.3 m (555 ft)
Beam: 18.9 m (62 ft)
Draught: 5 m (16 ft)

Four oil fired 3-drum Admiralty-type boilers,

4-shaft geared turbines, 4 screws, 54.1 megawatts (72,500 shp)
Speed: 33 knots
Complement: 907
  • Main belt: 83 mm,
  • deck: 51 mm,
  • turrets: 51 mm,
  • Director control tower: 102 mm.
Aircraft carried: Two Supermarine Walrus aircraft, removed 1943.

HMS Mauritius, pennant C80, was a Crown Colony-class light cruiser of the Royal Navy. She was named after Mauritius, which was a British colony when she was built. Built by Swan Hunter, Newcastle upon Tyne, she entered service in 1941.


File:HMS Mauritius invasion.jpg
Mauritius with other Allied shipping off the beachhead at Anzio, March 1944
File:HMS Mauritius firing.jpg
The 6-inch guns of Mauritius firing during a night action in Audierne Bay between Brest and Lorient, France, 23 August 1944.

Mauritius was completed with an internal degaussing system which induced severe corrosion to the ship's fire main (made of copper); this major defect, which rendered her unfit for action, required refits, first at Simonstown, later at Singapore, and finally at Plymouth. The future Admiral of the Fleet Henry Leach served as a midshipman aboard Mauritius during this time. She joined the Eastern Fleet in 1942, but was withdrawn in April 1943 to reinforce the Mediterranean Fleet. After repairs following grounding, she was operational in June 1943 and thereafter participated in the landings in Sicily, (Operation Husky), in July as a unit of Support Force East, when she carried out shore bombardment duties.

In September she was part of the covering force for the Salerno landings, but by the end of the year had been transferred to the Bay of Biscay to carry out anti-blockade-runner patrols, as part of Operation Stonewall. However, she soon returned to the Mediterranean, this time for the Anzio landings in January 1944. In June 1944 she covered the landings in Normandy as part of Force D off Sword Beach, then carried out offensive patrols of the Brittany coast in August to mop up the remnants of the German shipping in the area. Operating with destroyers, she sank Sperrbrecher 157 on 14/15 August and during the battle of Battle of Audierne Bay sank five Vorpostenboote on 22/23 August. After this she returned to the Home Fleet, covering the carrier raids along the Norwegian coast and making anti-shipping strikes herself. On the night of 27/28 January 1945, in company with the cruiser Diadem, she fought an action with German destroyers in which Z31 was badly damaged. Following this action she was refitted at Cammell-Laird's between February 1945 and March 1946.

She then served in the Mediterranean, including passing through the Corfu Channel in 1946, with the 15th (later lst) Cruiser Squadron, returning to the UK in 1948. After a spell in reserve and in refit, she recommissioned in 1949 for the 1st Cruiser Squadron in the Mediterranean, sailing on 6 May 1949. However, the years 1949 to 1951 were spent on the East Indies Station with the 4th Cruiser Squadron until she returned to Chatham on 18 December 1951.

Decommissioning and disposal

Mauritius was placed in reserve in 1952 and remained there until 1965, when she was sold for scrapping to Thomas W. Ward Ltd. She arrived at their yard at Inverkeithing, on 27 March 1965.

Shore establishment

HMS Mauritius was also the name of a Royal Navy shore establishment in Mauritius.



  • Lua error in Module:Citation/CS1/Identifiers at line 47: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).
  • Raven, Alan; Roberts, John (1980). British Cruisers of World War Two. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-922-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Whitley, M. J. (1995). Cruisers of World War Two: An International Encyclopedia. London: Cassell. ISBN 1-86019-874-0.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Leach, Henry (1993). Endure No Makeshifts: Some Naval Recollections. London: Leo Cooper. ISBN 1-84468-009-6.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links