Hamburg Airport

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Hamburg Airport
Flughafen Hamburg
200px
RK 1009 9838 Lokstedt Flughafen.jpg
IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner City of Hamburg (51%)
AviAlliance (49%)
Operator Flughafen Hamburg GmbH
Serves Hamburg, Germany
Hub for
Focus city for
Built 1911
Elevation AMSL 53 ft / 16 m
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Website airport.de
Map
EDDH is located in Hamburg
EDDH
EDDH
Location of Hamburg Airport
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,250 10,663 Asphalt
15/33 3,666 12,028 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 15,600,000
Passenger change 14–15 Increase5.8%
Aircraft movements 158,390
Movements change 14–15 Increase2.9%
Sources: Airport's website [1]
German AIP at EUROCONTROL[2]

Hamburg Airport (IATA: HAMICAO: EDDH), known in German as Flughafen Hamburg, is the international airport of Hamburg, the second-largest city in Germany. It is located 8.5 km (5.3 mi) north[2] of the city center in the Fuhlsbüttel quarter and serves as a base for Germanwings, Condor and easyJet.[3] Hamburg Airport is the fifth-busiest of Germany's commercial airports measured by the number of passengers and counted 14,760,280 passengers and 153,879 aircraft movements in 2014.[4] As of October 2015, it featured flights to 88 destinations[5] of which three are long-haul routes to Dubai, Newark and Tehran.

History

Early years

The airport was opened in January 1911 from private funding by the Hamburger Luftschiffhallen GmbH (HLG), making it the oldest airport in the world which is still in operation. The original site comprised 45 hectares and was primarily used for airship flights in its early days. In 1913, the site was expanded to 60 hectares, the northern part being used for airship operations, while the southeast area was used for fixed-wing aircraft.[6]

During the First World War, the airship hangar was used extensively by the military, until it was destroyed by fire in 1916.[6]

During the British occupation, beginning in 1945, the airport was given its current name, Hamburg Airport. It was used extensively during the Berlin Airlift in 1948 as a staging area, as the northern air corridor went between Hamburg and West Berlin.[6]

When Lufthansa launched passenger operations in 1955, Hamburg was used as a hub until Frankfurt Airport took over due to growth constraints posed by the location in the city. Lufthansa Technik still maintains a large presence at the airport due to the early activities of the airline at the airport.[6]

In the 1960s discussions began with the aim of moving the airport to Heidmoor by Kaltenkirchen. Reasons cited were limited expansion possibilities, capacity constraints due to crossing runways, and noise. Lufthansa had introduced the Boeing 707 in 1960, which made more noise than previous piston engined aircraft. The plans were dropped due to bad experiences in other cities with airports being moved far from city centres and Lufthansa's move to Frankfurt.[6]

Development since the 1990s

In the early 1990s, the airport began an extensive modernization process. The plan, called HAM21, included a new 500 m pier extension, a new terminal (Terminal 1), and the Airport Plaza between Terminals 1 and 2, which includes a consolidated security area.[6] The airport's shareholders are the City of Hamburg and AviAlliance.

The Radisson Blu Hotel Hamburg Airport was added in 2009, combined with new roadside access and a station and connection to the rapid transit system Hamburg S-Bahn.[6]

In January 2016, TUIfly announced to leave Hamburg Airport entirely due to the increasing competition from low-cost carriers. While the summer seasonal routes will not resume, all remaining destinations will be cancelled by March 2016.[7]

Facilities

Main hall of Terminal 2

Hamburg Airport originally covered 440,000 m2 (4,700,000 sq ft). Since then, the site has grown more than tenfold to 5.7 km2 (2.2 sq mi). The main apron covers 320,000 m2 (3,400,000 sq ft) and features 54 parking positions, the passenger terminals provide 17 jet-ways.

The runways, taxiways and aprons are able to accommodate large aircraft, up to and including the Airbus A380. Although there is no scheduled A380 service expected, Hamburg Airport is a diversion airport for Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport, the location of the Airbus plant in Hamburg, where all A380s are painted and interior fitted prior to delivery.

Terminals

Hamburg has two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2, connected by the Airport Plaza and the baggage claim area that extends through the lower levels of all three buildings. These three buildings were designed by Gerkan, Marg, und Partner. Both Terminals have a high, curved ceiling designed to emulate the shape of a wing. In all buildings level 1 is the departure level, while level 0 is arrivals. Hamburg Airport offers 12 baggage claim belts on the arrivals level.

The Airport Plaza hosts the central security check as well as shops, restaurants, lounges and other service-facilities. It houses the S-Bahn station (suburban railway) and was completed in December 2008.

Terminal 1

Terminal 1 was completed in 2005 and is highly similar to Terminal 2 in terms of design and size. It has numerous energy and water saving features like rain water collection for use in restrooms and a ThermoLabyrinth, which uses ground temperature to help regulate the building's temperature and reduce loads on the air conditioning systems. Terminal 1 houses most of the airlines including those from the Oneworld and SkyTeam alliances.

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is, despite its name, the older facility and was completed in 1993. It houses Germanwings and Lufthansa including its Star Alliance partners amongst some others.

Airlines and destinations

The following airlines offer regular scheduled and charter flights at Hamburg Airport:[8]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Athens 1
Aer Lingus Dublin 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 1
Aeroflot
operated by Rossiya Airlines
Saint Petersburg 1
airBaltic Riga 1
Air Berlin Düsseldorf, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Málaga, Munich, Nuremberg, Palma de Mallorca, Salzburg (ends 30 April 2016),[9] Stuttgart, Tenerife-South, Vienna
Seasonal: Corfu, Faro, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Samos, Thessaloniki
1
Air Europa Charter: Gran Canaria, Tenerife-South 1
Air France Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Greenland Charter: Kangerlussuaq 1
Air Malta Malta 1
Air VIA Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna 1
ASL Airlines France Bordeaux (begins 5 May 2016), Lyon (begins 2 May 2016), Marseille (begins 2 May 2016)[10] TBA
AtlasGlobal Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
Austrian Airlines Vienna 2
Blue Air Bucharest (begins 29 March 2016)[11] 1
BMI Regional Bristol 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
British Airways
operated by SUN-AIR
London-City 1
Brussels Airlines Brussels 2
Brussels Airlines
operated by Flybe
Brussels 2
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal: Burgas, Varna 1
Condor Antalya, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Corfu, Dalaman, Heraklion, Jerez de la Frontera, Kos, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Santa Cruz de la Palma
2
Corendon Airlines Seasonal: Antalya 1
Czech Airlines Gothenburg-Landvetter, Prague 1
easyJet Amsterdam, Athens, Basel/Mulhouse, Edinburgh, Fuerteventura, Geneva, Kraków, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Naples, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Orly, Pisa, Rome-Fiumicino (resumes 28 March 2016), Salzburg, Venice-Marco Polo, Zurich (begins 27 March 2016)[12]
Seasonal: Alicante, Catania, Heraklion, Ibiza, Lanzarote, Olbia (begins 30 June 2016),[13] Pula (begins 29 June 2016),[14] Split, Thessaloniki
1
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse 1
Emirates Dubai-International 1
Eurowings Birmingham, Budapest, Catania, Cologne/Bonn, Dresden, Jerez de la Frontera (begins 1 May 2016),[15] Karlsruhe/Baden-Baden, Klagenfurt (begins 27 March 2016),[16] London-Heathrow, Manchester, Milan-Malpensa, Nuremberg, Oslo-Gardermoen, Pisa (begins 27 March 2016),[17] Prague, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Vienna, Zürich
Seasonal: Ibiza (begins 27 March 2016),[18] Thessaloniki (begins 3 May 2016)
2
Finnair Helsinki 1
Finnair
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Helsinki 1
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
Germania Beirut, Funchal, Marrakesh, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Bodrum (begins 7 May 2016),[19] Gazipaşa (begins 3 June 2016),[19] Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Paphos, Rhodes, Santorini
Seasonal charter: Adana,[20] Antalya,[21] Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Menorca, Palma de Mallorca
1
Germanwings Amsterdam, Ankara, Barcelona, Dubrovnik, Düsseldorf, Geneva, Klagenfurt, Nice, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Pristina, Rome-Fiumicino, Stockholm-Arlanda, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Antalya, Bari, Bastia, Faro, Heraklion, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir, Naples, Pisa (begins 27 March 2016),[22] Pula, Reykjavik-Keflavík, Rhodes (begins 17 May 2016),[23] Rijeka, Split, Thessaloniki, Verona, Zadar, Zagreb
2
Iberia Madrid 2
Icelandair Seasonal: Reykjavik-Keflavík 2
Iran Air Tehran-Imam Khomeini 1
KLM Amsterdam 1
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam 1
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw-Chopin 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg, Saarbrücken 2
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Gran Canaria, Madrid, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Tenerife-South 1
Nouvelair Charter: Djerba, Enfidha 1
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen
Seasonal charter: Antalya
1
Rhein-Neckar Air
operated by MHS Aviation
Mannheim 1
Ryanair Alicante, Barcelona, Lisbon, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca (begins 27 March 2016),[24] Porto 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Cimber
Copenhagen 2
Scandinavian Airlines
operated by Jet Time
Copenhagen 2
SkyWork Airlines Bern 2
SunExpress Antalya, Izmir
Seasonal: Dalaman
1
SunExpress Deutschland Seasonal: Hurghada,[25] Marrakesh[26] 1
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 2
Sylt Air Seasonal: Sylt 2
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon 2
TAROM Bucharest (begins 1 May 2016)[27] 1
TUIfly Fuerteventura (ends 31 March 2016),[7] Gran Canaria (ends 31 March 2016)[7] 1
Tunisair Djerba, Enfidha
Seasonal: Tunis
2
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk
Seasonal: Adana, Ankara, Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen, Izmir
1
United Airlines Newark 1
VLM Airlines Antwerp, Friedrichshafen (begins 15 February 2016),[28] Rotterdam, Southampton 1
Vueling Barcelona, Málaga 1

Statistics

Passengers and movements

File:Hamburg (3353120734).jpg
Facilities of Lufthansa Technik at Hamburg Airport with the Heinrich-Hertz-Turm in the far distance
View of the apron
Passengers Movements Freight (in t)
2000 9,949,269 164,932 48,669
2001 Decrease 9,490,432 Decrease 158,569 Decrease 43,076
2002 Decrease 8,946,505 Decrease 150,271 Decrease 40,871
2003 Increase 9,529,924 Decrease 149,362 Decrease 36,018
2004 Increase 9,893,700 Increase 151,434 Increase 37,080
2005 Increase 10,676,016 Increase 156,180 Decrease 32,677
2006 Increase 11,954,117 Increase 168,395 Increase 38,211
2007 Increase 12,780,631 Increase 173,516 Increase 44,204
2008 Increase 12,838,350 Decrease 172,067 Decrease 37,266
2009 Decrease 12,229,319 Decrease 157,487 Decrease 31,595
2010 Increase 12,962,429 Decrease 157,180 Decrease 27,330
2011 Increase 13,558,261 Increase 158,076 Increase 27,588
2012 Increase 13,697,402 Decrease 152,890 Increase 28,174
2013 Decrease 13,502,553 Decrease 143,802 Increase 28,302
2014 Increase 14,760,280 Increase 153,879 Increase 28,948
2015 Increase 15,600,000 Increase 158,390
Sources: ADV,[29] Hamburg Airport[30]

Busiest routes

Busiest non European routes from Hamburg (2014)[31]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Antalya, Turkey 479,650
2 Dubai, UAE 123,922
3 Hurghada, Egypt 83,536
4 Izmir, Turkey 56,106
5 Newark, USA 42,492
Busiest European routes from Hamburg (2014)[31]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Palma de Mallorca, Spain 715,662
2 London, United Kingdom 663,996
3 Vienna, Austria 451,026
4 Zürich, Switzerland 413,684
5 Paris, France 298,614
Busiest domestic routes from Hamburg (2014)[31]
Rank Destination Passengers
1 Munich 1,347,070
2 Frankfurt 733,060
3 Stuttgart 702,884
4 Düsseldorf 452,750
5 Nuremberg 221,544

Ground transportation

Train

Hamburg Airport station

The airport is located ca. 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Hamburg city centre and 8 km (5.0 mi) south of Norderstedt in the borough of Fuhlsbüttel. HVV, the Hamburg public transit network, runs the S-Bahn-line (suburban railway) S1 which links the airport directly to the city centre every ten minutes. The trip to Hamburg central station takes approximately 25 minutes.

Car

By road, the airport can be reached from motorway A7 using the state highway B433, which is the third ring road. Motorists from the east of the city must drive through Hamburg.

Bus

The airport is also linked by some local bus routes to nearby areas as well as regular coach services to the cities of Kiel and Neumünster

Trivia

  • Hamburg Airport is the inspiration for Miniatur Wunderland's world's largest miniature airport named Knuffingen Airport.[32]

See also

References

  1. Flughafen Hamburg. "Passenger statistics and aircraft movements". Ham-airport.de.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 "EAD Basic". Ead.eurocontrol.int.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Latest news – easyJet plc". Corporate.easyjet.com. 25 September 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. (English) Traffic Figures – Official website
  5. airliners.de - "The news in Hamburg Airport's winter schedule" (German) 14 October 2015
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 ch-aviation.com - TUIfly to end Hamburg operations over LCC threat 13 January 2016
  8. "Flughafen Hamburg - Destinations & airlines". Retrieved 4 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. http://airberlin.com; GDS Reservation closed
  10. http://www.air-journal.fr/2016-01-08-asl-airlines-trois-routes-francaises-vers-hambourg-5156244.html
  11. "Blue Air fliegt zwischen Hamburg und Bucharest". airlinestravel.ro.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. http://www.aerotelegraph.com/easyjet-baut-mit-neuer-destination-ab-zuerich-aus
  13. http://www.easyjet.com/de/billigfluege/hamburg/olbia-sardinien
  14. http://www.easyjet.com/de/billigfluege/hamburg/pula
  15. http://www.haminfo-terminal.com/route_news.php
  16. "germanwings / Eurowings Route Transfers in April 2016". Airlineroute.net. 7 April 2015. Retrieved 7 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. http://www.haminfo-terminal.com/route_news.php
  18. http://www.airliners.de/eurowings-sommer-strecke-hamburg/37071
  19. 19.0 19.1 http://www.haminfo-terminal.com/route_news.php
  20. http://www.hamburg-airport.de/media/HAM_E15_web.pdf#page=19&zoom=auto,-63,494
  21. http://www.hamburg-airport.de/media/HAM_E15_web.pdf#page=20&zoom=auto,-63,532
  22. https://www.germanwings.com/it.html
  23. https://www.germanwings.com/de/buchen/neue-strecken.html germanwings homepage
  24. http://biztravel.fvw.de/ryanair-fuenf-strecken-fuer-hamburg/393/147036/4070
  25. http://www.hamburg-airport.de/Winterflugplan_2015.pdf#page=27&zoom=auto,-136,191
  26. http://www.airliners.de/sunexpress-winterflugplan/36141
  27. "NEW TAROM Adds Hamburg Service from May 2016". airlineroute. January 11, 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  28. "VLM to base three aircraft at Bodensee Airport and to serve DUS, HAM, TXL from February 2016 (German)". Flughafen Friedrichshafen GmbH. Retrieved 22 December 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  29. Flughafenverband ADV. "Flughafenverband ADV – Unsere Flughäfen: Regionale Stärke, Globaler Anschluss". Retrieved 4 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  30. "Flughafen Hamburg - 404 - Inhalt nicht gefunden". Retrieved 4 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 MARKET SIZE AT HAMBURG AIRPORT JAN 2014 - DEC 2014, Hamburg Airport
  32. "world's largest miniature airport opens". The USA Today. 16 July 2011. Retrieved 17 July 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Media related to Hamburg Airport at Wikimedia Commons