Hannover 96

From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core
Jump to: navigation, search
Hannover 96
Full name Hannoverscher Sportverein von 1896 e.V.
Nickname(s) Die Roten (The Reds)
Founded 12 April 1896; 123 years ago (1896-04-12)
Ground HDI-Arena
Ground Capacity 49,000
President Martin Kind
Manager Thomas Schaaf
League Bundesliga
2014–15 13th
Website Club home page
Current season

Hannoverscher Sportverein von 1896, commonly referred to as Hannover 96 [haˈnoːfɐ ˈzɛksʔʊntˈnɔʏ̯nt͡sɪç], Hannover, HSV (although this may cause confusion with Hamburger SV) or simply 96, is a German association football club based in the city of Hanover, Lower Saxony. Hannover 96 play in the Bundesliga, the top tier in the German football league system.

Hannover 96 was founded in 1896. Hannover have won two German championships and one DFB-Pokal. Hannover's stadium is the HDI-Arena. Hannover 96 has a big rivalry with VfL Wolfsburg and Eintracht Braunschweig.


Foundation to WWII

File:Hannoverscher FC 1896.png
Logo of foundation club Hannoverscher FC 1896

Hannover 96 was founded on 12 April 1896 as Hannoverscher Fußball-Club 1896, upon the suggestion of Ferdinand-Wilhelm Fricke, founder of the Deutscher FV 1878 Hannover.[1] Their initial enthusiasm was for athletics and rugby; football did not become their primary interest until 1899. Most of the membership of Germania 1902 Hannover became part of 96 in 1902, while others of the club formed Hannoverscher Ballspielverein. In 1913, they merged with Ballverein 1898 Hannovera (formed in the 1905 merger of Fußballverein Hannovera 1898 Hannover and Hannoverscher BV) to become Hannoverscher Sportverein 1896. Hannoverscher FC's colours were black-white-green, but they played in blue, while BV played in red. The newly united team kept black-white-green as the club colours, but they chose to take to the field in red, giving the team the nickname Die Roten (en: The Reds). The team's third jersey is in the club's official colours. The club made regular appearances in the national playoffs through the early 1900s, but were unable to progress past Eintracht Braunschweig, planting the seeds of a rivalry that has survived to this day. HSV continued to field strong sides and make national level appearances on into the 1920s. Under the Third Reich, German football was re-organized into 16 top-flight leagues in 1933 and Hannover became part of the Gauliga Niedersachsen. They appeared in the country's final rounds in 1935 and sent representatives to the national side the next year. They won their first national championship in 1938 in what was one of the biggest upsets in German football history when they beat Schalke 04, the most dominant side in the country in the era. The two sides played to a 3:3 draw before Hannover prevailed 4:3 in a tension filled re-match. In 1942, the team moved to the newly formed Gauliga Braunschweig-Südhannover.

Post-War era

Like most other German organizations, the club was dissolved after World War II by occupying Allied authorities. A combined local side was assembled in August 1945 and the next month a mixed group of players from Hannover 96 and Arminia Hannover played their first post-war match against a British military team. HSV was later formally re-established as Hannoverscher SV on 11 November 1945 before re-adopting its traditional name on 27 April 1946. The club resumed league play in 1947 in the first division Oberliga Nord and was relegated, but quickly returned to the top-flight in 1949. Hannover 96's next appearance in a national final would not come until 1954 when they soundly defeated 1. FC Kaiserslautern 5:1. The beaten side included five of the same players who would go on later that year to win Germany's first World Cup in a surprise victory known as the Miracle of Bern. In 1963, the Bundesliga, Germany's new professional football league, began play with sixteen of the nation's top teams. Hannover played in the Regionalliga Nord (II) that season, but earned promotion to the senior circuit in the following year. The club's advance to the Bundesliga in 1964 was well received as they set a league attendance record in their first year, averaging 46,000 spectators a game. 96 played at the upper level for a decade, until finally relegated to the 2nd Bundesliga Nord for the 1974–75 season. They bounced right back, but were again sent down, this time to spend seventeen of the next twenty years in the second tier.

Reunification to present

File:Bvb hannover.jpg
Hannover 96 against Borussia Dortmund in September 2006

The club suffered from money problems in the late 70s and again in the early 90s. Then, in 1992, Hannover put together an impressive run that would lead them to the capture of their first DFB-Pokal and help to set their finances right. That run included victories over Bundesliga sides Borussia Dortmund, VfL Bochum, Karlsruher SC, Werder Bremen, and Borussia Mönchengladbach, as they became the first lower division side to win the competition. Hero for the cupwinners was goalkeeper Jörg Sievers who made two saves when the semi-final match went to penalties and then scored the winner in his own turn at the spot. In the cup final, he again made two saves when that match was also decided on penalties. The team's low point came with demotion to Regionalliga Nord (III) for two years in 1996–98: the fact that the fall from the second league came during their anniversary year unfortunately made them a laughing stock among fans of rival teams for years to come. Hannover made a fresh start with a new team of hungry youngsters, many of whom went on to play for the national team (Gerald Asamoah, Sebastian Kehl, Fabian Ernst) or impress in the Bundesliga. 96 returned to tier II play in 1998, and to the Bundesliga in 2002 on the strength of a record setting 75 point season. Since their promotion the club have consolidated in the top flight, achieving a string of mid-table finishes under the command of several managers. Coach Dieter Hecking was brought in just weeks into the 2006–07 season after a disastrous start under Peter Neururer, in which the club lost the first 3 matches by a combined 11 goals. Season 2007–08 showed some early promise with impressive pre-season wins over Rangers and Real Madrid. However, they earned mixed results in their opening six Bundesliga matches. The team then put together a three match winning run, capped by a 2–0 win at champions VfB Stuttgart, to surge into the top six. Following the winter break Hannover slipped after putting forth some disappointing performances which they turned around to be defeated only 2 times in their last 11 matches of the season. This secured a points record of 49 for Die Roten in the Bundesliga thus ending them in 8th place.

The 2008–09 season started undesirably for 96 with losses. However it looked to have been rectified with a 5–1 thrashing of Borussia Mönchengladbach, a shock 1–0 win over Bayern Munich at home, which hadn't occurred for 20 years, and a thrilling 3–0 victory over Hamburg SV. Hannover settled in the lower mid table until the winter break. The second half of the season consisted of inconsistent results, relying almost entirely on home form to keep Hannover in the top league. 96 finally achieved an away win with a few games remaining which boosted them away from trouble and stabilized them which led to an 11th-place finish. The season was one of inconsistent form and long injuries to key players. The 2009–10 season was launched with new optimism with a new kit being released which included traditional away and alternative kits. Hannover also signed a new technical director in Jörg Schmadtke which brought a new perspective to the club. The new signings were Karim Haggui and Constant Djakpa from Bayer Leverkusen, Valdet Rama from FC Ingolstadt. The season started undesirably with a late 1–0 loss to Hertha BSC and a disappointing home draw to Mainz 05, after which coach Dieter Hecking resigned voluntarily. He was succeeded by former assistant Andreas Bergmann. As the season continued, once again Hannover had many key players injured including the majority of attacking players and key defenders, as well as the shocking and tragic suicide of German international goalkeeper Robert Enke. Andreas Bergmann was removed as coach and replaced by Mirko Slomka shortly after the winter break. Arouna Koné and Elson were signed to boost the squad. Hannover 96 were in the relegation zone the whole season, and with a few wins in the last games of the season, Hannover had to win and hope results went their way for them. Hannover won 3–0,[2] with Arnold Bruggink, Mike Hanke and Sergio Pinto all scoring to keep them up. In the 2010–11 Fußball-Bundesliga Hannover surprised everybody, finishing in a record 4th place, qualifying for Europe for the first time in 19 years. In the 2011–12 Fußball-Bundesliga, Hannover opened with a 2–1 win over TSG 1899 Hoffenheim, followed by a 2–1 away win against 1. FC Nuremberg. In the play-offs to the Europa League, Hannover won against Sevilla 3–2 on aggregate to reach the group stage. Shortly before the end of the 2011–12 season, Hannovers technical director Jörg Schmadtke resigned, due to family issues. It has been speculated that Schmadtke may change to the relegated 1. FC Köln – according to Bild information however, Schmadtke agreed with president Martin Kind on a return to Hannover after his break.

Death of Robert Enke

On 10 November 2009, at the age of 32, Hannover's #1 goalkeeper Robert Enke committed suicide when he stood in front of a regional express train at a level crossing in Eilvese, Neustadt am Rübenberge.[3][4] Police confirmed a suicide note was discovered but would not publicise its details.[5] His widow, Teresa, revealed that her husband had been suffering from depression for six years and was treated by a psychiatrist.[6] After the death of his daughter, Lara, in 2006 he struggled to cope with the loss.[7] Many fans immediately flocked to Hannover 96's AWD-Arena home to lay flowers and light candles and sign the book of condolences upon news breaking. His former club Barcelona held a minute's silence before their game that night, and several international matches the following weekend paid the same tribute. As a mark of respect, the German national team cancelled their friendly match against Chile which had been scheduled for 14 November.[8] A minute's silence was also held at all Bundesliga games during 21–22 November 2009 and at Benfica's game in the Cup of Portugal.[9] Germany also cancelled a planned training session and all interviews after his death. Oliver Bierhoff, the national team's general manager, said: "We are all shocked. We are lost for words."[7] On 15 November 2009, nearly 40,000 attendees filled the AWD-Arena for his memorial service. Enke's coffin, covered in white roses, was carried by six of his Hannover 96 teammates.[10] He was then buried in Neustadt, outside Hannover, next to his daughter's grave.[11] As a further mark of respect for their former team mate, the players of Hannover 96 displayed the number one in a circle on the breast of their jerseys, as approved by the DFL as a subtle tribute, for the rest of the 2009–10 Bundesliga season.[12]


Hannover 96 plays in the HDI-Arena, built in 1954 as the "Niedersachsenstadion", which now has a capacity of 49,000 spectators. During the 2006 World Cup the stadium was the site of four first round matches and one Round of 16 match. The stadium had also served as a site for matches of the 1974 World Cup and the 1988 European Championships.

European Cups history


Season Round Club Home Away Aggregate
1992–93 European Cup Winners' Cup R1 Germany Werder Bremen 2–1 1–3 3–4
2011–12 UEFA Europa League Play-off Spain Sevilla 2–1 1–1 3–2
Group Belgium Standard Liège 0–0 0–2 0–2
Denmark Copenhagen 2–2 2–1 4–3
Ukraine Vorskla Poltava 3–1 2–1 5–2
Round of 32 Belgium Club Brugge 2–1 1–0 3–1
Round of 16 Belgium Standard Liège 4–0 2–2 6–2
Quarterfinals Spain Atlético Madrid 1–2 1–2 2–4
2012–13 UEFA Europa League Q3 Republic of Ireland St. Patrick's Athletic 2–0 3–0 5–0
Play-off Poland Śląsk Wrocław 5–1 5–3 10–4
Group Netherlands Twente 0–0 2–2 2–2
Spain Levante 2–1 2–2 4–3
Sweden Helsingborg 3–2 2–1 5–3
Round of 32 Russia Anzhi Makhachkala 1–1 1–3 2–4


The club's honours:




For recent transfers, see List of German football transfers summer 2015 and List of German football transfers winter 2014–15.

Current squad

As of 17 November 2015[14]
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Germany GK Ron-Robert Zieler
2 Denmark MF Leon Andreasen
3 Chile DF Miiko Albornoz
4 Japan DF Hiroki Sakai
5 Senegal MF Salif Sané
6 Turkey MF Ceyhun Gülselam
7 Germany MF Edgar Prib
8 Germany MF Manuel Schmiedebach
9 Poland FW Artur Sobiech
10 Japan MF Hiroshi Kiyotake
11 Germany MF Felix Klaus
13 Germany GK Philipp Tschauner
14 France MF Allan Saint Maximin (on loan from Monaco)
15 Germany MF Andre Hoffmann
16 Japan MF Hotaru Yamaguchi
17 Denmark FW Uffe Bech
18 Norway MF Iver Fossum
No. Position Player
19 Germany DF Christian Schulz
20 Brazil DF Felipe
21 Germany FW Marius Wolf
23 Germany MF Maurice Hirsch
25 Brazil DF Marcelo
26 Turkey FW Kenan Karaman
27 Germany DF Vladimir Ranković
28 Hungary MF Ádám Szalai (on loan from TSG 1899 Hoffenheim)
29 Germany DF Oliver Sorg
30 Austria GK Samuel Radlinger
31 Germany DF Waldemar Anton
33 Germany DF Mike-Steven Bähre
34 Germany MF Tim Dierßen
35 Netherlands FW Charlison Benschop
36 Germany MF Sebastian Ernst
37 Germany DF Niklas Teichgräber
38 Albania FW Valmir Sulejmani
40 Germany GK Timo Königsmann

Coach history

Hannover 96 Amateure (II)

Hannover fields a successful amateur side that has three German amateur championships to its credit (1960, 1964, 1965) as well as losing appearances in the 1966 and 1967 finals. The second team has also taken part in the German Cup tournament and currently plays in the Oberliga Nord (IV).


The team's honours:

Current squad

As of 20 August 2015[15]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Germany GK Timo Königsmann
2 Germany DF Vladimir Rankovic
3 Germany DF Niklas Teichgräber
4 Albania FW Valmir Sulejmani
5 Germany DF Lennart Müller
6 Germany MF Can Tuna
7 Germany MF Noah-Joel Sarenzen-Bazee
8 Germany DF Patrick Schwarz
9 Germany FW Roman Prokoph
10 Germany MF Sebastian Ernst
11 Germany MF Dennis Hoins
12 Germany GK Marco Pinkernelle
13 Germany FW Kevin Krottke
15 Germany MF Mike-Steven Bähre
No. Position Player
16 Germany DF Lukas Wilton
17 Germany DF Kevin Wolf
18 Germany MF Melih Hortum
19 Germany DF Fynn Arkenberg
20 Germany MF Marcel Polomka
21 Germany MF Fabian Pietler
22 Germany GK Maximilian Brünig
23 Germany MF Dennis Marotzke
24 Germany MF Tim Dierßen
27 Germany MF Nikola Serra
28 Germany DF Waldemar Anton
29 Germany FW Patrick Jahn
30 Germany GK Alexander Rehberg
33 Austria GK Samuel Radlinger

Manager: Germany Michael Krüger; Assistant-Manager: Germany Daniel Bauer

See also


  1. Die Roten – Die Geschichte von Hannover 96 (German) Hardy Grüne website – Text samples on his book on the history of Hannover 96, accessed: 25 January 2009
  2. [1]
  3. "Germany keeper dies in accident". BBC News. 10 November 2009. Retrieved 10 November 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Enke death confirmed as suicide". Eurosport. 11 November 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Robert Enke (24.08.1977 – 10.11.2009)" (in German). kicker.de. 9 November 2010. Retrieved 1 April 2011. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Teresa Enke: Letzte Hoffnung Liebe" (in German). Stern.de. 11 November 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2009. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. 7.0 7.1 "Goalkeeper suicide stuns football". BBC News. 11 November 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Germany call off Chile friendly". 11 November 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Goalkeeper suicide stuns football". BBC News. 11 November 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Ruhe in Frieden: Anrührender Abschied von Enke" (in German). Schweriner Volkszeitung. 15 November 2009. Retrieved 18 May 2010. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. ""Er war einer von uns" – Trauerfeier mit vielen Emotionen" (in German). Hamburger Abendblatt. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 1 April 2011. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Hannover pay tribute to Robert Enke with special shirt". BBC Sport. 25 November 2009. Retrieved 25 November 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Hannover in Europe
  14. "Unser Team 2015/16" [Our Team 2015/16] (in German). Hannover 96. Retrieved 22 December 2015. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. https://www.hannover96.de/nachwuchs-nlz/teams/u23.html

External links