Hans-Jürgen von Arnim

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Hans-Jürgen von Arnim
Hans-Jürgen von Arnim.jpg
General von Arnim
Born (1889-04-04)4 April 1889
Ernsdorf, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire Dzierżoniów, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, Poland
Died 1 September 1962(1962-09-01) (aged 73)
Bad Wildungen, Hesse, West Germany
Buried at Bad Wildungen, Village Cemetery
Allegiance
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1907–43
Rank Generaloberst
Commands held
Battles/wars
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Hans-Jürgen Bernhard Theodor von Arnim (German: [ˈaɐ̯niːm]; 4 April 1889 – 1 September 1962) was a German colonel-general (Generaloberst) who served during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes).

Early life

Arnim was born in Ernsdorf in the Prussian Province of Silesia (now Dzierżoniów, Poland), the son of General Hans von Arnim (1861–1931) and Martha Honrichs von Arnim (1865–1953).[citation needed]

Military career

Arnim joined the German Army in 1907. During the First World War he saw action on both the Eastern and Western fronts. After the war, he remained in the Reichswehr and rose to command the elite 68th Infantry Regiment in Berlin. With the rise of Nazi Germany, Arnim was made a major-general in 1938.

World War II

Arnim commanded the 52nd Infantry Division in both the Battles for Poland and France. In October 1940, Arnim was given command of the 17th Panzer-Division. With the outbreak of the war against the Soviet Union, he was promoted to lieutenant general under Heinz Guderian, and was seriously wounded a few days after the start of the campaign.

On 1 October 1941, he was promoted to General der Panzertruppe and placed in command of XXXIX. Panzerkorps until November 1942, when he was appointed commander of the 5th Panzer Army under Erwin Rommel in North Africa. When Adolf Hitler refused to allow Rommel to return to Tunisia, Arnim was promoted to full general (Generaloberst) on 4 December 1942, and made Commander-in-Chief of de (Army Group Africa) from 23 February 1943 until his surrender to the Royal Sussex Regiment of the 4th Indian Division two months later on 12 May 1943.[1] After he was captured, Arnim allegedly expected to be met by his opposite numbers and asked to see Dwight D. Eisenhower. The American general replied to his aides to get as much information out of him as they could, but a personal meeting was out of the question. Eisenhower would not meet with any German officers until the final surrender.[2] Instead Arnim was brought to the British 1st Army commander-in-chief, General Kenneth Anderson.

Von Arnim served the rest of the war as a British prisoner of war interned along with 24 other German general officers at Camp Clinton, Mississippi,[3] and was released on 1 July 1947. He returned to Germany, where the estates he had held before the war had been taken and divided by the Soviet occupation authorities as part of a process of land reform.[4] He died in Bad Wildungen, Hesse.

Awards

General von Arnim's Staff Car at the Eastbourne Redoubt.

See also

References

Citations

  1. I Was There! - How Von Arnim Surrendered at Last, The War Illustrated, June 11, 1943.
  2. ALLIES, by John S. D. Eisenhower
  3. "German POW Camp in Clinton MS. Mostly Afrika Corps". kilroywashere.org.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. MacDonogh 2007, p. 410.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 Wegmann 2004, p. 22.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Federl 2000, p. 19.
  7. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 117.
  8. Scherzer 2007, p. 194.

Bibliography

  • Alman, Karl (1998). Ritterkreuzträger des Afrikakorps (in German). Rastatt, Germany: VPM Verlagsunion Pabel Moewig. ISBN 978-3-8118-1457-8. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Federl, Christian (2000). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Panzerdivisionen 1939–1945 Die Panzertruppe (in German). Zweibrücken, Germany: VDM Heinz Nickel. ISBN 978-3-925480-43-0. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • MacDonogh, Giles (2007). After the Reich. New York: Basic Books. ISBN 978-0-465-00337-2.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Wegmann, Günter (2004). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil VIIIa: Panzertruppe Band 1: A–E (in German). Bissendorf, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2322-1. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Military offices
Preceded by
Generaloberst Karl-Adolf Hollidt
Commander of 52. Infanterie-Division
September 8, 1939 – October 5, 1940
Succeeded by
Generaloberst Lothar Rendulic
Preceded by
General der Panzertruppen Wilhelm Ritter von Thoma
Commander of 17. Panzer-Division
September 15, 1941 – November 11, 1941
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Rudolf-Eduard Licht
Preceded by
Generaloberst Rudolf Schmidt
Commander of XXXIX. Panzerkorps
November 11, 1941 – November 30, 1942
Succeeded by
General der Artillerie Robert Martinek
Preceded by
Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel
Commander of Heeresgruppe Afrika
March 10, 1943 – May 13, 1943
Succeeded by
disbanded