Harald Gelhaus

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Harald Gelhaus
File:Harald Gelhaus.jpg
Born (1915-07-24)24 July 1915
Göttingen
Died 2 December 1997(1997-12-02) (aged 82)
Bochum
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch  Kriegsmarine
Years of service 1935–45
Rank Kapitänleutnant
Unit cruiser Karlsruhe
battleship Gneisenau
Commands held U-143
U-107
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Harald Gelhaus (24 July 1915 in Göttingen – 2 December 1997 in Bochum) was a German U-boat commander in World War II and recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross (German: Ritterkreuz des Eisernen Kreuzes). The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. As a U-boat commander of U-143 and U-107 Harald Gelhaus is credited with the sinking of 19 ships (including the SS Clan Alpine) for a total of 100,373 gross register tons (GRT) and further damaging one ship of 10,068 GRT.

Summary of career

Ships attacked

As a U-boat commander of U-143 and U-107 Gelhaus is credited with the sinking of 19 ships for a total of 100,373 gross register tons (GRT) and further damaging one ship of 10,068 GRT.

Date U-boat Name Flag Tonnage (GRT) Fate
23 August 1941 U-143 Inger  Norway 1,409 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
31 January 1942 U-107 San Arcadio  UK 7,419 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
6 February 1942 U-107 Major Wheeler  USA 3,431 Sunk at east of Cape Hatteras
21 February 1942 U-107 Egda  Norway 10,068 Damaged at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
29 May 1942 U-107 Western Head  UK 2,599 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
1 June 1942 U-107 Bushranger  Panama 4,536 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
7 June 1942 U-107 Castilla  Honduras 3,910 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
8 June 1942 U-107 Suwied  USA 3,249 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
10 June 1942 U-107 Merrimack  USA 2,606 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
19 June 1942 U-107 Cheerio  USA 35 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
26 June 1942 U-107 Jagersfontein  Netherlands 10,083 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
3 September 1942 U-107 Hollinside  UK 4,172 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
3 September 1942 U-107 Penrose  UK 4,393 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
7 October 1942 U-107 Andalucia Star  UK 14,943 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
22 February 1943 U-107 Roxborough Castle  UK 7,801 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
13 March 1943 U-107 Oporto  UK 2,352 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
13 March 1943 U-107 Marcella  UK 4,592 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
13 March 1943 U-107 Sembilangan  Netherlands 4,990 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
13 March 1943 U-107 SS Clan Alpine  UK 5,442 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
1 May 1943 U-107 Port Victor  UK 12,411 Sunk at Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.

Awards

Dates of rank

1 July 1936: Fähnrich zur See
1 January 1938: Oberfähnrich zur See
1 April 1938: Leutnant zur See
1 October 1939: Oberleutnant zur See
1 April 1942: Kapitänleutnant

References

Citations

  1. Busch & Röll 2003, p. 328.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Busch & Röll 2003, p. 329.
  3. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 193.
  4. Scherzer 2007, p. 331.

Bibliography

  • Busch, Rainer; Röll, Hans-Joachim (2003). Der U-Boot-Krieg 1939–1945 — Die Ritterkreuzträger der U-Boot-Waffe von September 1939 bis Mai 1945 (in German). Hamburg, Berlin, Bonn Germany: Verlag E.S. Mittler & Sohn. ISBN 978-3-8132-0515-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Kurowski, Franz (1995). Knight's Cross Holders of the U-Boat Service. Atglen, PA: Schiffer Publishing. ISBN 978-0-88740-748-2.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Range, Clemens (1974). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Kriegsmarine. Stuttgart, Germany: Motorbuch Verlag. ISBN 978-3-87943-355-1. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Helgason, Guðmundur. "Harald Gelhaus". German U-boats of WWII - uboat.net. Retrieved 13 May 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>