Harden, West Yorkshire

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Harden
Harden is located in West Yorkshire
Harden
Harden
 Harden shown within West Yorkshire
Population 1,900 
OS grid reference SE0838
Civil parish Harden
Metropolitan borough City of Bradford
Metropolitan county West Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Bradford
Postcode district BD16
Dialling code 01535
Police West Yorkshire
Fire West Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

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Harden is a civil parish and village within the City of Bradford Metropolitan District, West Yorkshire, England, 2 miles (3.2 km) west of Bingley. It had a population of 1,615 in the 2001 census,[1] but by 2011 this had risen to 1,900.[2]

History

Roman

Excavations on Leech Lane, off Hill End towards Cullingworth have suggested Roman settlement in the area from c.150 AD. Archaeologists have, in the past unearthed pottery, coins and even Elephant-Ivory on this site suggesting that an Anglo-Roman villa may have stood here.

There is a small section of Roman Road on Harden Moor that points in a rough north east direction. The route is lined with stones that have deep cart-groove marks.[3]

Industrial

Between 1960 and 1997,[4] Harden's biggest employer was Ellison Circlips. The huge factory adjoined another smaller factory producing similar products. On 24 February 1979, Ellison's Mill caught fire in the computer room and the resultant blaze gutted the timber floored mill. The outer stone walls stayed upright during the fire, but because of the threat of explosions from the acid baths if they came into contact with water, two houses were evacuated as a precaution.[5]

The factories were bounded on the south by Long Lane (the B6429) on the east by Keighley Road, on the west by Effingham Road and the north by fields leading up to Harden Moor. The company relocated to Glusburn in 1997 and the factory was demolished to make way for housing.[6]

At Least two other mills were in operation in Harden, both situated alongside Harden Beck to the south of the village. One of the mills is still there and now operates as a printing works. The other mill was further upstream from the existing mill and during the early part of the 20th century was turned into a café and ballroom. It was destroyed by fire in 1927.[7][8]

Artistic

Woodbank, an area to the east of Harden and south of the B6429, played host to some of the Pre-Raphaelite movement. Many of the stained glass works around Bingley, Bradford and Silsden (including the Church of All Saints, Bingley) were designed by Burne-Jones.[9][10]

Facilities

Harden has two churches, one Congregational[11] and the other one is St Saviours Church in the newly created benefice of Cullingworth, Denholme, Harden & Wilsden.[12] Harden Primary School has been in existence since 1877 and the school still uses some of the Victorian buildings to this day.[13]

There is also a Post Office and an independent butcher's. There is a village park which contains a large square piece of land that hosts the annual gala during the summer.[14] Harden is the location of the St. Ive's Estate, a large stretch of land with woodland and a well-equipped children's playpark, as well as paths up to moorland. St Ive's also contains an 18-hole golf course and golf club. There is a beautician and a hairdresser in Long Lane, opposite Harden Primary School's car park. Harden has an establishment which holds drama plays every year, it is located in the centre of Harden.

File:Harden Road - viewed from Narrow Lane - geograph.org.uk - 1367983.jpg
Harden Road in the village of Harden looking east towards Bingley

Harden has a cricket club which has been in existence since at least 1950. They play matches on a pitch adjacent to the hamlet of Cuckoo's Nest on the east side of Harden village.[15]

Transport

First Bradford buses run from Bradford Interchange to Bingley through the village. The service, number 616, goes from Bradford through Four Lane Ends, Allerton, Sandy Lane Cross Roads, Wilsden and then into Harden before going on into Bingley. There is a half-hourly service through the day Mondays to Saturdays with additions in the peaks. Sundays sees an hourly service. Most evening services extend into Eldwick (along the route of the 615) and also start their journeys back from there.[16]

TLC buses provide the services 727/729 which goes from Keighley to Cullingworth via East Morton, Bingley Railway station, and into Harden village. During the day these services split their routes every hour with the 729 going direct to Cullingworth via the B6429, and the 727 going south to Wilsden first, then Harecroft and then into Cullingworth. The return journeys are the reverse of the above; but all 727/729 services will call at Harden, which gives an hourly service to Cullingworth, Keighley and Bingley, with Wilsden being a two-hourly service.[17]

Events

Harden Gala

There is an annual gala in Harden park in the summer, which has races, jokes and a parade processing down Long Lane past the school and the church. The parade generally consists of themed floats from the Harden Players' (a local drama club and the primary school) and then the gala queen's float with her two attendants, all dressed up in evening wear with bouquets of flowers. A marching band leads the procession and Harden pre-school brings up the rear in costume.[14]

Harden Show

Every September the Harden Beck Horticultural Society hold a show between the Golden Fleece public house and the former dam area. The society and show have been in existence for over 50 years.[18][19]

Harden Players

Harden Players is a local drama club that puts on productions roughly twice a year, with children and adults, ages ranging from 4 to about 54. In recent years they have presented enjoyable pantomimes as well as Macbeth.

St Ives Medieval Fayre

Every summer, St Ive's holds a medieval "fayre", with jugglers, jousting and other entertainments. Medieval tents are set up on the top field and demonstrations show how simple tasks like the washing up and making a tent peg would have been done.

References

  1. "Census 2001 : Urban Areas : Table KS01 : Usual Resident Population". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 26 August 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Population Density, 2011 (QS102EW) – Area: Harden (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 19 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Full text of "Ancient Bingley: or, Bingley, its history and scenery"". archive.org. Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Cirteq - Anderton and Ellison History". www.cirteq.com. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Blast scare at mill fire". Telegraph and Argus. 24 February 1979. Retrieved 21 February 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "Villagers fight second bid for housing project". Keighley News. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "Hapton - Hardley | British History Online". www.british-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Bingley History, The Hidden Valley - Goit Stock Harden". Bingley Hub. Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Pre Raphaelite Movement in Harden, Bingley and Silsden - Bingley Hub". Bingley Hub. Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Chronicles and stories of old Bingley. A full account of the history, antiquities, natural productions, scenery, customs and folklore of the ancient town and parish of Bingley, in the West Riding of Yorkshire". archive.org. Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. "Harden - North East - Find a Church - Congregational Federation". www.congregational.org.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Harden and Wilsden: History of St Saviours Harden". www.hardenwilsden.org.uk. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "About Us - Harden Primary". Harden Primary. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. 14.0 14.1 "Harden Parish Council - Home Page". Harden Parish Council. Retrieved 15 October 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. "Information - Harden Cricket Club". www.pitchero.com. Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "West Yorkshire Metro Timetable 615/616".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Bus services 727/729".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  18. "Harden show aids charity". Bradford Telegraph and Argus. Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  19. "Harden Beck Horticultural Society (HBHS)". Harden Beck Horticultural Society (HBHS). Retrieved 2 November 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Media related to Harden, West Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons