Harold Ford Jr.
|Harold Ford Jr.|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 9th district
January 3, 1997 – January 3, 2007
|Preceded by||Harold Ford, Sr.|
|Succeeded by||Steve Cohen|
|Born||Harold Eugene Ford, Jr.
May 11, 1970
|Alma mater||University of Pennsylvania (B.A.)
University of Michigan (J.D.)
Harold Eugene Ford, Jr. (born May 11, 1970) is an American politician who was a Democratic Party member of the United States House of Representatives from Tennessee's 9th congressional district, centered in Memphis, from 1997 to 2007. Ford did not seek re-election to his House seat in 2006 when he unsuccessfully sought the Senate seat vacated by retiring Bill Frist. Ford was the last chairman of the Democratic Leadership Council (DLC).
Family and education
Ford is the son of former Congressman Harold Ford, Sr. and Dorothy Bowles Ford. His family has long been prominent in Memphis' African-American community. His grandfather had established his own business, a funeral home, which gave them a broad network in the community. E.H. Crump, a prominent white Democrat, dominated city and state politics in the early 20th century and befriended Harold Ford Jr.'s grandfather, N.J. Ford.
Ford lived the first years of his life within the living quarters of his family-owned business N.J. Ford And Sons Funeral Home, which at the time was located in the Riverside neighborhood. He was baptized at his family church, Mt. Moriah-East Baptist Church. He attended Double Tree Elementary School, a public Montessori school in the Westwood neighborhood and he graduated from the private St. Albans School for Boys, a prestigious university-preparatory school in Washington, D.C., which he attended after his father became a Congressman. The younger Ford earned a B.A. in American history from the University of Pennsylvania in 1992.
Early career and law degree
Ford returned to college for a J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School in 1996. During his campaign for the House of Representatives, he sat for and failed the Tennessee bar exam; he has said that he intends to try again.
House of Representatives career
When Harold, Sr. decided not to seek a 12th term in Congress in 1996, Harold, Jr. entered the race and became the favorite in the Democratic primary, which was widely regarded as the real contest in the heavily Democratic, black-majority 9th district. Ford arranged his schedule for his last semester of law school so he would not have Monday or Friday classes and would be able to fly home to Memphis for an extended weekend each week to continue his campaign. As was expected, he easily won the Democratic primary, followed by his election in November. Taking office at the age of 26, he was one of the youngest members of Congress in US history and the youngest in the 105th and 106th Congresses. He was reelected four times without substantive Republican opposition, by an average of 80 percent of the vote. In 2000, Ford was the keynote speaker for the 2000 Democratic National Convention supporting then Vice President Al Gore for the Democratic nomination for President.
On October 10, 2002, he was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.
After the Democrats lost seven Congressional seats in the 2002 elections, Ford announced his candidacy for House Democratic Leader, challenging then-House Minority Whip Nancy Pelosi, arguing that current leadership was ineffective. Ford was defeated but exceeded initial expectations in the amount of support he received. Although his name was mentioned as a possible Democratic vice presidential candidate in 2004, he was ineligible for the office due to his age (four months shy of 35 on Inauguration Day 2005).
A June 7, 2005, article in The Washington Times reported that from 1998 to 2003, Ford took 61 privately funded trips but did not file travel disclosure forms with the House clerk for the trips, as required by the chamber's ethics rules, until August 2003. Ford's office called the late filings a "mere oversight", since Ford had filed the required financial disclosure statements for the trips at the time they occurred.
In November 2005, when Ohio Republican Congresswoman Jean Schmidt implied that Pennsylvania Democrat John Murtha was a "coward" in response to Murtha's proposal for a withdrawal of American forces from Iraq, Ford charged across the House floor to the Republican side during the resulting uproar in the chamber, shouting "Say it to Murtha!" (or "Say Murtha's name!" depending on the source) while waving his finger at Schmidt. He had to be restrained by fellow Democrat Dave Obey of Wisconsin. Like many Democrats, Ford believed Schmidt's remarks (which she later withdrew) were an unwarranted "cheap shot" against Murtha, a veteran of the Marine Corps.
In Congress, Ford opposed benefits for same-sex couples and supported the Federal Marriage Amendment, which would have defined marriage as one man and one woman. He told Democrats they should be more supportive of the Iraq War, and criticized Senate Democrats who attempted to filibuster the nomination of Samuel Alito. He was one of the few Democrats who voted for the bankruptcy bill, and he defined himself as a pro-life candidate, supporting some restrictions on abortion, including a ban on intact dilation and extraction, called "partial-birth abortion" by opponents. However, the National Right to Life Committee says that while in Congress he voted against the pro-life position 87% of the time. He supported the Republican effort to intercede in the Terri Schiavo case. He opposed President George W. Bush's energy proposals (including oil drilling in Arctic National Wildlife Refuge), demonstrated support for adoption rights of same-sex couples, is in favor of federal funding of embryonic stem cell research, supported universal healthcare coverage, opposed the death penalty and indicated a willingness to reform drug policy.
In addition, Ford sat on the House Budget Committee and the House Committee on Financial Services. He also served on the Transformation Advisory Group, a group of political, military and academic leaders who worked with the Department of Defense to assess the needs of the armed forces. Ford was a member of the New Democrat Coalition, the Congressional Black Caucus and the Blue Dog Coalition.
In 2002, Ford was mentioned as a possible Democratic candidate for the Senate seat being vacated by Fred Thompson, but he declined to run. Instead, he supported fellow Congressman Bob Clement who would lose to former Republican Governor Lamar Alexander in the general election.
In 2006, Ford did not run for re-election to the House of Representatives, due to his campaign for the United States Senate in Tennessee, which he lost. His younger brother, Jake Ford, ran for the 9th district seat as an Independent, but lost to Democrat Steve Cohen.
2006 Tennessee Senate campaign
On April 6, 2005, during an interview on C-SPAN's call-in show Washington Journal, Ford confirmed that he would be running for the Senate. He filed the papers necessary to officially begin his Senate campaign on May 25, 2005.
Democratic State Senator Rosalind Kurita briefly challenged Ford for the nomination but dropped out of the primary because of inadequate fundraising, effectively handing Ford the nomination. On August 3, 2006, Ford overwhelmingly won the Democratic primary. After the primary, Ford's supporters held a large victory celebration at Nashville's LP Field. Among the speakers was former U.S. President Bill Clinton.
Ford faced Republican Bob Corker in the November 2006 election. Not long after Corker's primary victory was assured, Ford challenged Corker to seven televised debates across the state. In response, Corker said he would debate Ford, though he did not agree to seven debates.
In October 2006, the Republican Party ran radio and television ads characterized by some as racially tinged. A radio spot, referred to by critics as the "jungle drums" ad, had drums playing when Ford's name was mentioned and patriotic music when Corker's name was spoken. This ad was criticized as attacking Ford's race by evoking images of primitive, chanting African tribes. A television ad that received more attention featured satirical "man‑on‑the‑street" interviews purporting to support Ford, including one in which a blond white woman talks about meeting Ford at "the Playboy party"; she returns at the end of the ad to wink and whisper "Harold, call me." The ad was denounced by many people, including Republican former Senator William Cohen, who called it "a very serious appeal to a racist sentiment", and Corker asked the Republican leadership to pull the ad. The ad was retired one day after Republican National Committee Chairman Ken Mehlman said he had no authority to discontinue the ad and disagreed with the negative characterizations of it.
Corker and Ford participated in a televised debate in Memphis on October 7, in Corker's hometown of Chattanooga on October 10, and in Nashville on October 28. In January 2006, NBC's Meet the Press extended an open invitation for the candidates to debate on the nationally-televised show.
On November 8, Ford conceded the election to Corker, who defeated Ford by less than three percentage points.
In December 2006, the Los Angeles Times reported that Ford told students at an L.A.-area school that he might run again in 2008 for the Senate seat held by Republican Lamar Alexander, but in January 2007 Ford said that he had no plans to challenge the incumbent. Instead, Ford has said that he "hopes to spend a lot of time at home, perhaps do some teaching and work with Governor Bredesen on some issues in Tennessee."
In March 2007, Ford joined the financial services firm Merrill Lynch as a vice chairman and senior policy adviser. In the same month he was hired by Fox News Channel as a political contributor. In March 2008, he moved from Fox to MSNBC as a news analyst, appearing as a panelist on David Gregory's Race for the White House, Hardball, and Morning Joe.
Ford was appointed visiting professor of public policy at Vanderbilt University in 2007 and taught a class on American political leadership. In October 2007, Ford was appointed as the inaugural Barbara Jordan Visiting Professor at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin. As of the spring 2010 semester, he is a visiting professor at New York University's Wagner School of Public Service where he teaches Policy Formation: U.S. Domestic Policy.In the fall of 2015 he was a visiting faculty member at the University of Michigan Ford School of Public Policy.
Ford is working at Wall Street firm Morgan Stanley.
2010 New York Senate Election
Ford considered a primary challenge to Senator Kirsten Gillibrand in New York in 2010. Sources close to Mayor Michael Bloomberg of New York have said that he would consider supporting someone "of Mr. Ford's stature". However, it was also reported that Mayor Bloomberg "reassured Mr. Reid that he was not personally involved in the effort to promote a Ford candidacy." Chuck Schumer sought to dissuade Ford from running. Ford's spokesperson on January 11, 2010, stated Ford had become a supporter of same-sex marriage after "listening to the debate in state legislatures across the country".
On February 5, 2010, Gillibrand held a press conference at which she raised questions as to whether Ford, as an executive of Merril Lynch, received taxpayer-backed bonuses from Bank of America, stemming from the federal bailout. She was joined by New York City Public Advocate Bill de Blasio, who endorsed her candidacy.
On February 12, it was reported that Ford's NBC contract was suspended due to his potential campaign, and that he had taken an unpaid leave of absence from Merrill Lynch for the same reason. On March 1, Ford stated in an op-ed article published by The New York Times that he would not run against Gillibrand.
|1996||Harold E. Ford, Jr.||116,345||61%||Rod DeBerry||70,951||37%||Silky Sullivan||Independent||957||1%||*|
|1998||Harold E. Ford, Jr.||75,428||79%||Claude Burdikoff||18,078||19%||Gwendolyn L. Moore||Independent||932||1%||*|
|2000||Harold E. Ford, Jr.||143,298||100%||(no candidate)||*|
|2002||Harold E. Ford, Jr.||120,904||84%||(no candidate)||Tony Rush||Independent||23,208||16%||*|
|2004||Harold E. Ford, Jr.||190,648||82%||Ruben M. Fort||41,578||18%||*|
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 1996, Mary D. Taylor received 498 votes; Anthony Burton received 424 votes; Greg Voehringer received 327 votes; Tom Jeanette received 222 votes; Del Gill received 199 votes; Bill Taylor received 179 votes; Johnny E. Kelly received 156 votes; Don Fox received 146 votes; and write-ins received 10 votes. In 1998, Johnny Kelly received 775 votes; Greg Voehringer received 567 votes; and write-ins received 2 votes. In 2000, write-ins received 36 votes. In 2002, write-ins received 148 votes. In 2004, Jim Maynard received 166 votes.
2006 Democratic Primary for U.S. Senate (TN)
- Harold Ford, Jr., 79%
- Gary G. Davis, 10%
- John Jay Hooker, 6%
|2006||Harold Ford, Jr.||879,976||48%||Bob Corker||929,911||51%||Ed Choate||Independent||10,831||1%||*|
*Write-in and minor candidate notes: In 2006, David "None of the Above" Gatchell received 3,746 votes, Emory "Bo" Heyward received 3,580 votes, H. Gary Keplinger received 3,033 votes and Chris Lugo (Green) received 2,589 votes.
- Barbaro, Michael, "Harold Ford Jr. Weighs a Challenge to Gillibrand", The New York Times, January 5, 2010
- Reitwiesner, William Addams. "Ancestry of Harold Ford". Retrieved 2007-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- de la Cruz, Bonna (2005-08-01). "Political future of Fords hinges on constituents". The Tennessean. Retrieved 2007-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>[dead link]
- "Ford, Harold Jr". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 2007-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Abramson, Roger (2004-06-03). "Harold Ford Jr., Prince of Memphis". Nashville Scene. Archived from the original on 2007-05-20. Retrieved 2007-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- EURweb.com - Black Entertainment | Black News | Urban News | Hip Hop News
- "Harold Ford's Rising Star Heads Toward the Senate". Democratic Party. August 2006. Retrieved 2007-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Ferullo, Mike (2000-08-16). "Ford appeals to younger voters in keynote address". CNN. Retrieved 2007-05-18.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Paletta, Damian; Scannell, Kara (March 10, 2009). "Ten Questions for Those Fixing the Financial Mess". The Wall Street Journal.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Democrats pick Pelosi as House leader". CNN. November 14, 2002. Retrieved May 4, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- John J. Miller on Election 2004 & Vice President on National Review Online
- Washington Times - Lawmakers dash to correct records of trips
- Fineman, Howard, "Bush at the Tipping Point", Newsweek, November 28, 2005
- Harold Ford Jr., Is Not Pro-Life
- The Washington Post http://projects.washingtonpost.com/congress/members/f000262/key-votes/. Retrieved May 4, 2010. Missing or empty
- Harold Ford on the Issues
- Tipper Gore says no to Senate bid
- C-SPAN.org: Search Results
- 4/12/2006 - Rosalind Kurita Withdraws From U.S. Senate Race, The Chattanoogan
- Sargent, Greg, "TN-SEN: Corker Radio Ad Has "Jungle Drums" During Mentions Of Ford", Talking Points Memo, October 25, 2006, Retrieved February 23, 2010
- YouTube - Too Hot For Corker
- Johnson, Alex, "Tennessee ad ignites internal GOP squabbling", MSNBC.com, October 25, 2006, Retrieved February 23, 2010
- O’Donnell, Norah, "GOP retires ‘Playboy’ ad in Tennessee", MSNBC.com, October 25, 2006, Retrieved February 23, 2010
- "CNN.com - Elections 2006". CNN. Retrieved May 4, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Richard Locker, "Another Senate seat might tempt Ford", The Commercial Appeal, December 11, 2006
- "Ford says he has no plans of a Senate bid against Alexander". WMCTV.com. Associated Press. 2007-01-23. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-06.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Corker sworn in as U.S. Senator". Associated Press. January 4, 2007.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles> Retrieved on Jan. 7, 2007
- DLC (2007-06-07). DLC bio on Ford. Retrieved on 2007-01-25 from http://www.dlc.org/ndol_ci.cfm?kaid=137&subid=900145&contentid=254175.
- Keoun, Bradley,Merrill Hires Former U.S. Congressman Ford as Adviser, Bloomberg.com, February 14, 2007.
- Merrill Lynch (2007-02-14). Former Congressman Harold E. Ford, Jr. Joins Merrill Lynch as Vice Chairman. Merrill Lynch press release, 14 February 2007. Retrieved from http://www.ml.com/index.asp?id=7695_7696_8149_74412_75268_75567.
- Ford Junior To Become "Fair and Balanced" Commentator :: The Memphis Flyer :: Politics Buzz :: Politics
- "Harold Ford Jr. Jumps From FNC to MSNBC". mediabistro.com. 2008-03-24. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-27.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Vanderbilt News Service Harold Ford Jr. to be visiting professor of public policy at Vanderbilt; Congressional veteran to teach class on political leadership. 1/15/2007
- LBJ School of Public Affairs Announces Appointment of Congressman Harold Ford Jr. Inaugural Barbara Jordan Visiting Professor
- Cabrera, Debra (2009-11-05). PNP Course Highlights: Spring 2010. Retrieved from http://wagner.nyu.edu/courses/files/CourseHighlightsPNPSp10.pdf
- Barbaro, Michael and Hernandez, Raymond (January 7, 2010), "Potential Ford Senate Bid Sets Off Scramble", The New York Times, Retrieved March 1, 2010.
- Dicker, Fredric U.; Haberman, Maggie (January 11, 2010). "Now Harold Ford Jr. backs gay marriage". New York Post. Retrieved January 11, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Paybarah, Azi (February 5, 2010), "Gillibrand: Disclosing Bonus is 'Essential' for Ford", The New York Observer, Retrieved February 14, 2010
- Calderone, Michael (February 12, 2010), "Ford's NBC contract suspended", The Politico, Retrieved February 14, 2010
- Ford, Harold Jr. (March 1, 2010), "Why I’m Not Running for the Senate", The New York Times, Retrieved March 1, 2010
- Bacon, Perry Jr. (March 2, 2010) "Ford won't challenge Gillibrand for Senate in N.Y.", The Washington Post, Retrieved March 2, 2010
- "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Retrieved 2007-08-08.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Official election results
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harold Ford, Jr..|
- US Congress biography
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- The Ford Report: Unofficial Grassroots Blog
- 2006 campaign finance data
- About.com's Inside Profile of Rep. Harold Ford, Jr., 2006 Democratic Tennessee Candidate for U.S. Senate
- Harold Ford, Jr. Reaches for the Stars (TIME Magazine article)
- Why Harold Ford, Jr. Has a Shot (TIME Magazine article)
- Voting record maintained by the Washington Post
- "Senate candidates spar over Corker's comments about Ford's Memphis 'political machine'", by Richard Locker, The Commercial Appeal, October 8, 2006
- The Path to Power, by Jonathan Darman, Newsweek, October 30, 2006
- Harold Ford, Jr. Papers, University of Tennessee Knoxville Libraries
|United States House of Representatives|
Harold E. Ford, Sr.
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Tennessee's 9th congressional district
Stephen I. Cohen
|Party political offices|
|Keynote Speaker of the Democratic National Convention
|Democratic Party nominee for United States Senator (class 1) from Tennessee
Governor of Iowa
|Chairman of Democratic Leadership Council
Patrick J. Kennedy
|Youngest Member of the House of Representatives
|Tennessee's delegation(s) to the 105th–109th United States Congresses (ordered by seniority)|
|105th||Senate: F. Thompson • B. Frist||House: B. Gordon • B. Clement • J. Duncan, Jr. • J. Tanner • E. Bryant • V. Hilleary • Z. Wamp • H. Ford, Jr. • W. Jenkins|
|106th||Senate: F. Thompson • B. Frist||House: B. Gordon • B. Clement • J. Duncan, Jr. • J. Tanner • E. Bryant • V. Hilleary • Z. Wamp • H. Ford, Jr. • W. Jenkins|
|107th||Senate: F. Thompson • B. Frist||House: B. Gordon • B. Clement • J. Duncan, Jr. • J. Tanner • E. Bryant • V. Hilleary • Z. Wamp • H. Ford, Jr. • W. Jenkins|
|108th||Senate: B. Frist • L. Alexander||House: B. Gordon • J. Duncan, Jr. • J. Tanner • Z. Wamp • H. Ford, Jr. • W. Jenkins • J. Cooper • M. Blackburn • L. Davis|
|109th||Senate: B. Frist • L. Alexander||House: B. Gordon • J. Duncan, Jr. • J. Tanner • Z. Wamp • H. Ford, Jr. • W. Jenkins • J. Cooper • M. Blackburn • L. Davis|