Harry Reid

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Harry Reid
An elderly Reid in suit and tie smiling
Official portrait, 2009
Senate Majority Leader
In office
January 3, 2007 – January 3, 2015
Preceded by Bill Frist
Succeeded by Mitch McConnell
Senate Minority Leader
In office
January 3, 2015 – January 3, 2017
Preceded by Mitch McConnell
Succeeded by Chuck Schumer
In office
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Tom Daschle
Succeeded by Mitch McConnell
Chair of the Senate Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 2005 – January 3, 2017
Deputy Chuck Schumer
Preceded by Tom Daschle
Succeeded by Chuck Schumer
Senate Minority Whip
In office
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2005
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Dick Durbin
In office
January 20, 2001 – June 6, 2001
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Don Nickles
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2001
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Wendell H. Ford
Succeeded by Don Nickles
Senate Majority Whip
In office
June 6, 2001 – January 3, 2003
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Mitch McConnell
In office
January 3, 2001 – January 20, 2001
Leader Tom Daschle
Preceded by Don Nickles
Succeeded by Don Nickles
United States Senator
from Nevada
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 2017
Preceded by Paul Laxalt
Succeeded by Catherine Cortez Masto
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Nevada's 1st district
In office
January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1987
Preceded by James Santini (At-large)
Succeeded by James Bilbray
Chair of the Nevada Gaming Commission
In office
March 27, 1977 – January 5, 1981
Appointed by Mike O'Callaghan
Preceded by Peter Echeverria
Succeeded by Carl Dodge
25th Lieutenant Governor of Nevada
In office
January 4, 1971 – January 5, 1975
Governor Mike O'Callaghan
Preceded by Edward Fike
Succeeded by Robert Rose
Member of the Nevada Assembly
from the 4th district
In office
January 6, 1969 – January 4, 1971
Preceded by multi-member district
Succeeded by multi-member district
Personal details
Born Harry Mason Reid Jr.
(1939-12-02)December 2, 1939
Searchlight, Nevada, U.S.
Died December 28, 2021(2021-12-28) (aged 82)
Henderson, Nevada, U.S.
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Landra Gould (m. 1959)
Children 5, including Rory
Education Southern Utah University
Utah State University (BA)
George Washington University (JD)
Signature
Website Senate website (Archived)

Harry Mason Reid Jr. (/rd/; December 2, 1939 – December 28, 2021) was an American lawyer and politician who served as a United States senator from Nevada from 1987 to 2017. He led the Senate Democratic Caucus from 2005 to 2017 and was the Senate Majority Leader from 2007 to 2015.

Reid began his public career as the city attorney for Henderson, Nevada, before being elected to the Nevada Assembly in 1968. Reid's former boxing coach, Mike O'Callaghan, chose Reid as his running mate in the 1970 Nevada gubernatorial election, and Reid served as Lieutenant Governor of Nevada from 1971 to 1975. After being defeated in races for the United States Senate and mayor of Las Vegas, Reid served as chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission from 1977 to 1981. From 1983 to 1987, Reid represented Nevada's 1st district in the United States House of Representatives.

Reid was elected to the United States Senate in 1986 and served in the Senate from 1987 to 2017. He served as the Senate Democratic Whip from 1999 to 2005 before succeeding Tom Daschle as Senate Minority Leader. The Democrats won control of the Senate after the 2006 United States Senate elections, and Reid became the Senate Majority Leader in 2007. He held that position for the final two years of George W. Bush's presidency and for the first six years of Barack Obama's presidency. As Majority Leader, Reid helped pass major legislation of the Obama administration, such as the Affordable Care Act, the Dodd–Frank Act, and the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. In 2013, under Reid's leadership, the Senate Democratic majority controversially invoked the "nuclear option" to eliminate the 60-vote requirement to end a filibuster for presidential nominations, other than nominations to the U.S. Supreme Court.[1] Republicans took control of the Senate following the 2014 United States Senate elections, and Reid served as Senate Minority Leader from 2015 until his retirement in 2017.

Reid was succeeded as the Senate Democratic leader by Chuck Schumer, whose leadership bid had been endorsed by Reid. Along with Alben W. Barkley and Mike Mansfield, Reid was one of only three senators to have served at least eight years as majority leader.

Early life and early career

Harry Mason Reid Jr. was born on December 2, 1939, in Searchlight, Nevada, the third of four sons of Harry Reid, a rock miner, and Inez Orena (Jaynes) Reid, a laundress for local brothels.[2][3] At that time, Searchlight was a small, impoverished town.[4][5] His father died of suicide in 1972, at the age of 58, when Harry was 32 years old.[6][7] His paternal grandmother was an English immigrant from Darlaston, Staffordshire. Reid's boyhood home was a shack with no indoor toilet, hot water or telephone.[6][8]

Since Searchlight had no high school, Reid boarded with relatives 40 miles (64 km) away, in Henderson, so that he could attend Basic High School,[6] where he played football and was an amateur boxer.[9] While at Basic High, he met future Nevada governor Mike O'Callaghan, who was a teacher there and served as Reid's boxing coach. Reid attended Southern Utah University and graduated from Utah State University in 1961, where he double-majored in political science and history.[10] He also minored in economics at Utah State's School of Commerce and Business Administration.[11] He then attended George Washington University Law School while working as a police officer for the United States Capitol Police, and he earned his Juris Doctor in 1964.[4]

Early political career

State politics

Reid returned to Nevada after law school and served as Henderson city attorney before being elected to the Nevada Assembly for the multi-member fourth district of Clark County in 1968. In 1970, at age 30, Reid was chosen by O'Callaghan as his running mate for Lieutenant Governor of Nevada. Reid and O'Callaghan won their respective races, and Reid served as lieutenant governor from 1971 until 1974, when he ran for the U.S. Senate seat that was being vacated by Alan Bible. He lost by fewer than 700 votes to former governor Paul Laxalt. In 1975, Reid ran for mayor of Las Vegas and lost to Bill Briare.[12]

Reid served as chairman of the Nevada Gaming Commission from 1977 to 1981. When Jack Gordon offered Reid a $12,000 bribe to get approval of new games for casinos, Reid brought in the FBI to tape Gordon's bribery attempt and arrest him. After FBI agents interrupted the transaction, as prearranged, Reid lost his temper and attempted to choke Gordon, saying "You son of a bitch, you tried to bribe me!" before agents stopped him. Gordon was convicted in 1979 and sentenced to six months in prison. Reid presided over the 1979 hearing that refused to issue a gaming license to casino operator Frank Rosenthal because of his ties to organized crime groups such as the Chicago Outfit and particularly his close personal association with mobster Anthony Spilotro. Reid later stated that "Rosenthal was the only person that I was ever afraid of."[13] Rosenthal loudly and publicly confronted Reid after the hearing, telling gathered reporters that he had performed many personal favors for Reid. Reid conceded under heated interrogation from Rosenthal that the two men had met for lunch at his Stardust Resort and Casino and that he had asked Rosenthal to cover up undesirable news stories.[14] FBI wiretaps captured mobsters claiming that Reid was under their control, causing governor Robert List to feel pressure to ask Reid to resign. However, List believed Reid's assertions that the accusations were baseless. In 1981, Reid's wife found a bomb attached to the family station wagon;[5][15][16] Reid suspected it was placed by Rosenthal or Gordon, although this has never been proven in court.[6]

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives

Before the 1980 Census, Nevada had only a single at-large member of the United States House of Representatives, but population growth in the 1970s resulted in the state picking up a second district. Reid won the Democratic nomination for the 1st district, based in Las Vegas, in 1982, and easily won the general election.[17] He was re-elected in 1984.[18]

U.S. Senate

Elections

Reid during the 107th Congress in 2002

In 1986, Reid won the Democratic nomination for the seat of retiring two-term incumbent Republican Senator Paul Laxalt. Reid defeated former at-large U.S. Representative Jim Santini, a Democrat who had turned Republican, in the November election. Reid ran for reelection in 1992 which he won by a double-digit margin. In 1998 he narrowly defeated 1st congressional district U.S. Representative John Ensign in the midst of a statewide Republican sweep. In 2004, Reid won reelection with 61 percent of the vote, defeating Richard Ziser.[19]

Ensign was elected to Nevada's other Senate seat in 2000. Ensign and Reid had a very good relationship despite their bitter contest in 1998. The two frequently worked together on Nevada issues until Ensign was forced to resign from his Senate seat in 2011 due to an ethics scandal.[20]

In 2010 Reid won the Democratic nomination with 75% of the vote in the June 8 primary. He then faced a very competitive race for the U.S. Senate in Nevada in the 2010 general election. Reid engaged in a $1 million media campaign to "reintroduce himself" to the state's voters.[21] He defeated Republican challenger Sharron Angle in the November election, 50.3% to 44.6%.[22]

In January 2015, Reid suffered severe injuries in an exercise accident.[23] On March 27, 2015, Reid uploaded a video to his YouTube account announcing that he would not seek reelection in November 2016. Reid endorsed Senator Chuck Schumer from New York to succeed him as Minority Leader.[24] He was succeeded by former Nevada Attorney General and fellow Democrat Catherine Cortez Masto.[25]

On January 1, 2017, two days before the end of his term, Reid surpassed Senator John P. Jones to become the longest-serving U.S. Senator from Nevada.[26]

Leadership

From 1999 to 2005, Reid served as Senate Democratic Whip, as minority whip from 1999 to 2001, and again from 2003 to 2005. Reid was majority whip from 2001 to 2003, except for a brief period from January to May 2001. From 2001 to 2003, he served as chairman of the Senate Ethics Committee. Reid succeeded Tom Daschle as Minority Leader in 2005; he became Majority Leader after the 2006 election until 2015. He was again Minority Leader until his retirement in 2017.[27]

Liberal critics argued that Reid allowed Senate Republicans to create a 60-vote bar for passage of bills without a Democratic filibuster.[28][29][30] Conservatives criticized Reid for his extensive use of the procedural tactic known as "Filling the tree" to prevent amendments on important bills.[31]

UFOs

In 2007, while he was the Senate Majority Leader, he initiated the Advanced Aerospace Threat Identification Program to study unidentified flying objects[32][33] at the urging of Reid's friend, Nevada billionaire and governmental contractor Robert Bigelow,[34] and with support from the late senators Ted Stevens (R-Alaska) and Daniel Inouye (D-Hawaii), the program began in the DIA in 2007 and was budgeted $22 million over its five years of operation.[35][36][37]

The United States Air Force facility known as Area 51 is located in Reid's home state of Nevada. After the revived interest in the 1970s surrounding the balloon crash that is often referred to as the 1947 Roswell UFO incident, Area 51 was rumored by ufologists and conspiracy theorists to be the U.S. government's storage location for the crashed alien craft for study.[38]

File:Reid letter 2009 1532565293943 49621615 ver1.0.pdf
June 24, 2009, letter from Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid to Deputy Secretary of Defense William Lynn regarding the Advanced Aerospace Threat and Identification Program (AATIP)

When interviewed in the aftermath of publicity surrounding the AATIP, Reid expressed pride in his accomplishment, and was quoted as saying "I think it's one of the good things I did in my congressional service. I've done something that no one has done before."[35][37] Reid explained the reasoning behind his sponsorship of the program by saying "I’m interested in science, and in helping the American public understand what the hell is going on" and stated that "hundreds and hundreds of papers" have been available since the program was completed and that "Most all of it, 80 percent at least, is public" adding "I wanted it public, it was made public, and you guys have not even looked at it."[37]

A 2009 letter by Reid was published by KLAS-TV investigative journalists George Knapp and Matt Adams, where the Senator states that AATIP has made "much progress" with the "identification of several highly sensitive, unconventional aerospace-related findings" that will "likely lead to technology advancements" and recommends the creation of a special access program for specific parts of AATIP.[39]

Nuclear option

On November 21, 2013, under Reid's tenure as Majority Leader, the Democratic majority Senate voted 52–48 to eliminate the 60-vote requirement to end a filibuster against all executive branch nominees and judicial nominees other than to the U.S. Supreme Court.[40] A 3/5 supermajority was still required to end filibusters unrelated to those nominees, such as for legislation and Supreme Court nominees.[41] The Democrats' stated motivation for the "nuclear option" was expansion of filibustering by Republicans during the Obama administration, in particular blocking three nominations to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.[42]

Reid's invocation of the nuclear option on judicial nominations was controversial as, on April 6, 2017, Senate Republicans similarly invoked the nuclear option to remove the Supreme Court exception created in 2013, allowing the Trump administration to appoint Justices on party lines. This was after Senate Democrats filibustered the nomination of Neil Gorsuch to the Supreme Court of the United States and after the Senate Republicans had previously refused to take up Merrick Garland's nomination by President Obama in 2016.[43][44][45][46][47]

Ethics controversies

Reid was criticized during his tenure for several potentially self-enriching tactics. In 2005, Reid earmarked a spending bill to provide for building a bridge between Nevada and Arizona that would make land he owned more valuable. Reid called funding for the construction of a bridge over the Colorado River, among other projects, "incredibly good news for Nevada" in a news release after the passage of the 2006 transportation bill. He owned 160 acres (65 ha) of land several miles from the proposed bridge site in Arizona. The bridge could add value to his real estate investment.[48] A year later it was reported that Reid had used campaign donations to pay for $3,300 in Christmas gifts to the staff at the condominium where he resided;[49] federal election law prohibits candidates from using political donations for personal use. Reid's staff stated that his campaign attorneys had approved this use of the funds, but that Reid would personally reimburse his campaign for the expenses. Citizens United filed a complaint with the Federal Election Commission to investigate the matter.[50]

A series of investigative reports in the Los Angeles Times[51][52][53][54] suggested that Reid had introduced legislation and imposed pressure on regulatory agencies to advance the business interests of his close friend Harvey Whittemore, a Nevada attorney-lobbyist who contributed heavily to Reid's campaigns and leadership fund and who employed Reid's son Leif as his personal attorney. With Reid's help, Whittemore was able to proceed with construction of a $30 billion planned golf course development, Coyote Springs, a project heavily criticized by environmental groups for reasons including its projected effects on several endangered species.[55][56] Whittemore served a two-year prison sentence after being found guilty in 2013 of funneling $133,400 in illegal contributions to Reid's reelection campaign.[57]

Controversial remarks

Reid apologized on January 9, 2010, for racially tinged comments he had made when Obama was campaigning for president. In private conversations, Reid had remarked that Obama could win the presidency because the country was ready to embrace a black presidential candidate, especially one such as Obama — to whom he referred as being "light-skinned" and "with no Negro dialect, unless he wanted to have one". These comments had been recently revealed by journalists Mark Halperin and John Heilemann in Game Change, their book about the 2008 United States presidential election. In addition to his public apology, Reid called Obama to apologize; Obama accepted his apology, stating that as far as he was concerned, the book was closed on the incident.[58][59][60] RNC Chairman Michael Steele and Senators John Cornyn and Jon Kyl called on Reid to resign his leadership position in the Senate, citing Majority Leader Trent Lott resigning because of a statement relating to race. However, multiple experts said there was virtually no chance of that. DNC Chairman Tim Kaine and Senators Dianne Feinstein and Jack Reed expressed support for Reid and confidence he would retain his leadership position, and another senior Democrat indicated Reid has "produced supportive statements from key African American leaders in the Congress and civil rights community".[61]

In August 2010, Reid spoke in front of National Council of La Raza: "I don't know how anyone of Hispanic heritage could be a Republican, OK. Do I need to say more?"[62] The following day, Manny Alvarez and Republican Senate-candidate Marco Rubio, both of Hispanic descent, spoke out against Reid's remarks.[63]

Committee assignments

Political positions

Reid scored a lifetime conservative rating of 19% from the American Conservative Union (ACU),[64] and a 2008 liberal rating of 70% from the Americans for Democratic Action (ADA).[65] Other independent ratings include a 29% rating in 2003 from NARAL, the abortion rights lobbyists,[66] an 85% rating from Planned Parenthood in 2013,[67] and a B rating from the National Rifle Association.[68]

President Barack Obama shakes hands with Reid after signing the Omnibus Public Lands Management Act of 2009 on March 30, 2009.

Reid spearheaded several initiatives while in Congress. In 2006, Reid co-sponsored the Prevention First Amendment with Hillary Clinton, which would fund abortion prevention efforts such as giving women broader access to contraception. The bill faced Republican opposition and failed.[69] In January 2007, Reid brought a Senate ethics reform bill to a vote to bar congressional members from accepting gifts, meals, and trips from lobbyists and organizations employing lobbyists, to bar Senators from borrowing corporate jets for travel, and to compel Senators to disclose names of sponsors, or authors, of bills and projects. The bill passed 96–2.[70] In the 111th Congress, Reid shepherded the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) through the Senate.[71]

Reid was initially a centrist Democrat, and he held anti-abortion views, and supported gun rights and opposed illegal immigration.[72][73][74][75] He believed that Roe vs. Wade should be overturned, and in 1999, voted against an amendment that supported Roe.[76][77] In 1998, he stated that he believed in a restricted right to abortion, stating that "abortions should be legal only when the pregnancy resulted from incest, rape, or when the life of the woman is endangered".[78] He voted several times to ban the intact dilation and evacuation, or "partial-birth abortion" procedure.[79] Reid supported embryonic stem cell research.[80] Over the time, Reid shifted his support towards more progressive views.[81][82]

Reid stands near President Barack Obama as his signs the repeal of Don't Ask Don't Tell

Regarding same-sex marriage, Reid initially believed that "marriage should be between a man and a woman", but abandoned that position in favor of same-sex marriage in 2012.[83]

In regard to local issues, Reid firmly opposed construction of the proposed Yucca Mountain federal nuclear waste repository in Nevada.[84] Reid initially opposed the legalization of online poker, but in 2010 it was reported his position had evolved – a move some argued was influenced by "the hundreds of thousands of dollars Las Vegas casinos contributed to his re-election campaign".[85]

Reid speaking at the State Children's Health Insurance Program Art Exhibit press conference

Reid called immigration reform one of his priorities at the 110th Congress. He supported the DREAM Act (Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act), which would give certain high school graduates who had arrived in the U.S. illegally, conditional legal status so they could attend college or enlist in the military. They could then obtain permanent legal residency after completing two years of military service or two years of college.[86] In June 2009, Reid announced his intention to enact a new guest worker program as part of a comprehensive immigration reform bill.[87]

Reid supported use of force in the Middle East, but in September 2007, called for a drastic change in strategy.[88] In January 1991, Reid voted to authorize the first Gulf War,[89] quoting John F. Kennedy's 1963 State of the Union speech on the Senate floor, saying "the mere absence of war is not peace."[90][91] He also voted in support of the 2003 invasion of Iraq.[92][93] In March 2007, he voted in favor of "redeploying U.S. troops out of Iraq by March 2008",[93] and later that year, said, "As long as we follow [President Bush's] path in Iraq, the war is lost."[94]

Reid was a strong advocate of recognizing the Armenian genocide.[95]

Reid was a staunch defender of Obamacare both online and in speeches.[96] Reid advocated outlawing prostitution in Nevada.[97]

On May 15, 2013, Reid revealed to reporters that his niece is a lesbian as he spoke about his hope that the Employment Non-Discrimination Act would be signed into law.[98]

Conservation legacy

Reid supported land conservation in Nevada.[99][100] He successfully secured the designation of about 5.1 million acres of federal land in Nevada as protected land, shielding them from development.[99] Among these were the Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument,[101] the Basin and Range National Monument,[100] and the Gold Butte National Monument.[99]

In 2015, Reid received a lifetime achievement award from the League of Conservation Voters,[100] and the following year he was honored by the Conservation Lands Foundation for "historic contributions to conservation."[102]

Criticism of Mitt Romney

During the summer of 2012, Reid said during an interview with The Huffington Post that he had received information from an unidentified investor in Bain Capital that presumptive Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney did not pay any taxes for 10 years.[103] The accusation was repeated on the Senate floor by Reid on August 2, 2012.[104][105] According to CBS News, Romney stated, "Let me also say, categorically, I have paid taxes every year – and a lot of taxes. So Harry is simply wrong." PolitiFact.com's Truth-O-Meter rated the accusation as "Pants on Fire!"[106] The Washington Post's Fact Checker gave it "Four Pinnocchios".[107] CBS reported that Romney had submitted 23 years of tax returns to the John McCain campaign in 2008, when he was being vetted for the vice presidential nomination. McCain said, "[n]othing in these tax returns showed that he did not pay taxes."[108] In a 2015 interview on the subject, Reid said "Romney didn't win, did he?” The following year, Reid called the attack "one of the best things I've ever done,” while reiterating that Romney had not released his tax returns.[lower-alpha 1][107] In 2021, Reid stated in an interview that after the 2012 election he and Mitt Romney and their wives met privately and reconciled, with Reid concluding that "I admire Mitt Romney. I think he's a very very fine human being."[109][110]

Cultural and political image

Reid speaks during the third night of the 2008 Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

Part of Reid's confrontation with Frank Rosenthal while chair of the Nevada Gaming Commission is reenacted in the 1995 movie Casino.[111] Reid had a role in the movie Traffic (2000), in which he played himself.[112] He appeared, with Senators Sam Brownback and Barack Obama, in the 2007 documentary film Sand and Sorrow, which details the genocide in Sudan.[113]

Reid was elected to the Gaming Hall of Fame in 2001.[114] In 2013, adviser Jim Margolis said of Reid, "He is unique in this city. And you see it in so many different ways. Is he the best TV talking head? No. He'd be the first to tell you that. Should he smile more? Yes. Should he say goodbye on the phone when he's done talking to you? Probably. But those are things you'd assume are part and parcel of a polished figure in Washington. That is not Harry Reid."[8]

Harry Reid International Airport, which serves the Las Vegas Valley, was named after Senator Reid on December 14, 2021, just two weeks prior to his death. [115]

Personal life

Reid met his wife, Landra Gould, in high school. Gould was from a Jewish family and her parents objected to the relationship because Reid is not Jewish. The two eloped in 1959 when they were in college.[116] The Reids had five children: a daughter and four sons. Their eldest son, Rory, was an elected commissioner for Clark County, Nevada, of which he became chairman, and 2010 Democratic nominee in the election for Governor of Nevada.[117] Another son, Josh Reid, unsuccessfully sought municipal office in Cottonwood Heights, Utah.[118] In 2014 financial disclosure reports, Reid reported a net worth of between $2.9 million and $9.3 million.[119] Most of Reid's net worth was in municipal securities and in land and mineral rights in southern Nevada and Arizona; a blind trust managed the liquid assets of Reid and his wife.[119]

File:Obama family tree.jpg
Harry Reid (far left) and LDS leaders, Thomas S. Monson and Dallin H. Oaks, (center and far right) presenting family history to U.S. President Obama.

Reid lived in the Anthem area of Henderson, Nevada.[120] Reid (who was raised agnostic) and his wife (who was born to Jewish immigrant parents and grew up in Henderson) converted to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints while he was a college student.[6] In a 2001 interview he said, "I think it is much easier to be a good member of the Church and a Democrat than a good member of the Church and a Republican." He went on to say that the Democrats' emphasis on helping others, as opposed to what he considered Republican dogma to the contrary, is the reason he was a Democrat.[121] He delivered a speech at Brigham Young University to about 4,000 students on October 9, 2007, in which he expressed his opinion that Democratic values mirror Mormon values.[122][123] Several Republican Mormons in Utah contested his faith because of his politics, such as his statements that the church's backing of California's Proposition 8 wasted resources.[124]

Reid was the co-chairman of the Board of Selectors of Jefferson Awards for Public Service.[125] In April 2015, Reid confirmed former U.S. Senator Larry Pressler as a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.[126]

Health

Injury

On January 1, 2015, Reid was injured while exercising in his home—he said a piece of equipment he was using broke (later "slipped"), causing him to fall. As a result, Reid suffered broken ribs and broken facial bones, and was at risk of permanent vision loss in his right eye.[127] On January 26, 2015, Reid underwent surgery to remove a blood clot from his right eye and repair facial bones.[128] Reid later sued for damages a company he claimed manufactured the device, alleging the device was defective, but in 2019 a jury rejected his claim for lack of evidence.[129][130]

Pancreatic cancer

On May 14, 2018, Reid had surgery for pancreatic cancer at Johns Hopkins Cancer Center after a tumor was found on his pancreas during a routine screening.[131] In a January 2019 interview with The New York Times, it was revealed that Reid was confined to a desk at his home and was unable to move without the aid of a walker.[132] Upon his diagnosis, Reid said: "As soon as you discover you have something on your pancreas, you're dead".[132] On February 25, 2019, Reid announced that due to early detection and chemotherapy, his cancer was in remission.[133]

Death

Reid died of pancreatic cancer at his home in Henderson on December 28, 2021, at the age of 82.[134][135] Following the news of his death, President Joe Biden and former presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton gave tributes to Reid.[136] His former Senate colleagues also gave tributes, including Chuck Schumer, Patrick Leahy, Mitch McConnell and Chuck Grassley.[137]

Electoral history

1982 United States House of Representatives elections[138]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry Reid 61,901 57.54%
Republican Peggy Cavnar 45,675 42.46%
Total votes 107,576 100.0%
Democratic win (new seat)
1984 United States House of Representatives elections[139]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry Reid (incumbent) 73,242 56.12%
Republican Peggy Cavnar 55,391 42.44%
Libertarian Joe Morris 1,885 1.44%
Total votes 130,518 100.0%
Democratic hold
1986 United States Senate elections[140]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Harry Reid 130,955 50.00% +12.61%
Republican Jim Santini 116,606 44.52% −14.01%
None of These Candidates 9,472 3.62% +2.33%
Libertarian Kent Cromwell 4,899 1.87% −0.94%
Majority 14,349 5.48% −15.66%
Turnout 261,932
Democratic gain from Republican
1992 United States Senate elections[141]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Harry Reid (Incumbent) 253,150 51.05% +1.05%
Republican Demar Dahl 199,413 40.21% −4.30%
None of These Candidates 13,154 2.65% −0.96%
Independent American Joe S. Garcia 11,240 2.27% N/A
Natural Law Lois Avery 7,279 1.47% N/A
Libertarian Kent Cromwell 7,222 1.46% −0.41%
Populist ('84-'96) Harry Tootle 4,429 0.89% N/A
Majority 53,737 10.84% +5.36%
Turnout 495,887
Democratic hold
1998 United States Senate elections[142]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Harry Reid (Incumbent) 208,650 47.88% −3.19%
Republican John Ensign 208,222 47.78% +7.56%
Libertarian Michael Cloud 8,129 1.87% +0.41%
None of These Candidates 8,113 1.86% −0.79%
Natural Law Michael E. Williams 2,781 0.64% −0.83%
Majority 401 0.09% −10.74%
Turnout 435,864
Democratic hold
2004 United States Senate elections[143]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Harry Reid (Incumbent) 494,805 61.08% +13.22%
Republican Richard Ziser 284,640 35.14% −12.63%
None of These Candidates 12,968 1.60% −0.26%
Libertarian Thomas L. Hurst 9,559 1.18% −0.69%
[[Independent American Party (Nevada)|Template:Independent American Party (Nevada)/meta/shortname]] David K. Schumann 6,001 0.74% N/A
Natural Law Gary Marinch 2,095 0.26% −0.38%
Majority 210,165 25.94% +25.85%
Turnout 810,068
Democratic hold
Nevada Democratic primary results, 2010[144]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Harry Reid (Incumbent) 87,401 75.3%
Democratic None of these 12,341 10.6%
Democratic Alex Miller 9,717 8.4%
Democratic Eduardo Hamilton 4,645 4.0%
Democratic Carlo Poliak 1,938 1.7%
Total votes 116,042 100.00%
2010 United States Senate elections[145][146]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Harry Reid (Incumbent) 362,785 50.29% −10.84%
Republican Sharron Angle 321,361 44.55% +9.45%
None of These Candidates 16,174 2.25% +0.65%
Tea Party Scott Ashjian 5,811 0.81% N/A
Independent Michael L. Haines 4,261 0.59% N/A
Independent American Timothy Fasano 3,185 0.44% N/A
Independent Jesse Holland 3,175 0.44% N/A
Independent Jeffery C. Reeves 2,510 0.35% N/A
Independent Wil Stand 2,119 0.29% N/A
Majority 41,424 5.74%
Total votes 721,381 100.00% −11.14%
Democratic hold

Notes

  1. Romney released his returns in 2010 and 2011, which showed that he did pay taxes.

References

  1. "Nuclear option: Why Trump's Supreme Court pick needs only 51 votes". cbsnews. July 9, 2018. Archived from the original on December 9, 2018. Retrieved December 27, 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
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