Computer model of Hayabusa 2 rendezvous with asteroid Ryugu
|Mission type||Asteroid sample return|
|Website||Hayabusa 2 on jaxa.jp|
|Launch mass||Total: 590 kg (1,300 lb)
MASCOT: 10 kg (22 lb)
MINERVA: 0.5 kg (1.1 lb)
|Dimensions||2 × 1.6 × 1.25 m (6.6 × 5.2 × 4.1 ft)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||3 December 2014, 04:22 UTC|
|Launch site||LA-Y, Tanegashima Space Center|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||December 2020 (planned)|
|Flyby of Earth|
|Closest approach||3 December 2015|
|Distance||3,090 km (1,920 mi)|
|(162173) Ryugu orbiter|
|Orbital insertion||June 2018 (planned)|
|Departed orbit||December 2019 (planned)|
The target is asteroid 162173 Ryugu (formerly designated 1999 JU3). Hayabusa 2 is expected to arrive at the target in July 2018, survey the asteroid for a year and a half, depart in December 2019, and return to Earth in December 2020.
The spacecraft features ion engines, upgraded guidance and navigation technology, antennas and attitude control systems. Operations at the asteroid will be similar[clarification needed] to those of the previous Hayabusa, but with an explosive device to dig the asteroid surface for fresh sample material.
Funding and international cooperation
Hayabusa 2 was approved by the Space Activities Commission, a board governing funding for the Japanese space program, during 2006 and was announced in a new year interview with JAXA president Keji Tachikawa.
In July 2009, at the 27th ISTS (International Symposium on Space Technology and Science) conference in Japan, presentations were given that elaborated upon the most recent Hayabusa 2 mission concept. Makoto Yoshikawa of JAXA presented a paper entitled "Hayabusa Follow-on Asteroid Sample Return Missions." Dr. Yoshikawa stated that JAXA has a new proposal for Hayabusa 2, namely that the mission have two spacecraft with one specifically being an impactor.
NEC Corp. of Tokyo announced in January 2012 that it was beginning system design of the 590 kg (1,300-pound) spacecraft, its Ka-band communications system and an intermediate infrared camera. NEC was the builder of the Hayabusa probe.
The German Aerospace Center built a small lander called MASCOT (Mobile Asteroid Surface Scout) for the mission in a cooperation with the French space agency CNES. The MASCOT carries an infrared spectrometer, a magnetometer, a radiometer and a camera, and is capable of lifting off of the asteroid to reposition itself for further measurements.
The Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI) is a small drop-off explosively formed penetrator, consisting of a 2.5 kilogram (5.5 lb) copper projectile and a 4.5 kilogram (10 lb) shaped charge. It will be dropped off Hayabusa 2; the low gravity leaves the spacecraft enough time to maneuver to the opposite side of the asteroid. A second instrument will then be deployed, the deployable camera (DCAM3). This camera will observe the explosion of the Small Carry-on Impactor instrument. The explosion will form a copper penetrator hitting the asteroid with a velocity of 2 km/s. The crater created by the impact will be the site of further observations by the onboard instruments. The shaped charge will consist of 4.5 kg of plasticized HMX and a 2.5 kg copper liner.
- JAXA Launches Hayabusa 2 Asteroid Probe: NEC conducts manufacturing and testing as probe system coordinator
- Launch of "Hayabusa2" by H-IIA Launch Vehicle No. 26
- Wendy Zukerman (18 August 2010). "Hayabusa 2 will seek the origins of life in space". New Scientist. Retrieved 17 November 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- JAXA Report on Hayabusa-2, May 21st, 2014
- Makoto Yoshikawa (6 January 2011). 小惑星探査ミッション「はやぶさ2」 (PDF). 11th Symposium on Space Science (in Japanese). Retrieved 20 February 2011. Unknown parameter
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- Clark, Stephen (2014-12-03). "Hayabusa 2 launches on audacious asteroid adventure". spaceflightnow. Retrieved 3 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Japan's next asteroid probe approved for development
- Keiji Tachikawa. The President's New Year Interview, 2007
- Zukerman, Wendy (18 August 2010). "Hayabusa 2 will seek the origins of life in space". New Scientist. Retrieved 17 November 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Asteroid probe, rocket get nod from Japanese panel". Spaceflight Now. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 29 October 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- "Japan's next asteroid probe approved for development". Spaceflight Now. 29 January 2012. Retrieved 29 October 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- DLR Asteroid Lander MASCOT
- Graham, William (December 2, 2014). "Japanese H-IIA kicks off Hayabusa 2's asteroid mission". NASASpaceFlight.com. Retrieved 4 December 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Small Carry-on Impactor (SCI): Its scientific purpose, operation, and observation plan in Hayabysa-2 mission
- Hayabusa 2 Home Page
- JAXA Hayabusa 2 website
- Agency’s Report from ISAS/JAXA
- Hayabusa 2 3D model, Asahi Shinbun
- Japan Eyes Expansive Space Exploration Agenda SPACE.com
- TECHNOLOGIES FOR FUTURE ASTEROID EXPLORATION: WHAT WE LEARNED FROM HAYABUSA MISSION.
- Development of New Sampling Devices for Solar System Small Body Sample Return Program in the Hayabusa Era