- For other uses, see headgear.
Headscarves or head scarves are scarves covering most or all of the top of a woman's hair and her head, leaving the face uncovered. Headscarves may be worn for a variety of purposes, such as for warmth, for sanitation, for fashion or social distinction; with religious significance, to hide baldness, out of modesty, or other forms of social convention.
Some English speakers use the word "babushka" (the word for 'grandma' in Russian: бaбушка (help·info)) to indicate the headscarf tied below the chin, as commonly worn in Europe, especially by elderly women in Russia. In many parts of Europe and the Balkan region, headscarves are used mainly by elderly women and this led to the use of the term "babushka", a Slavic word meaning 'grandmother'.
Headscarves may also be tied behind the head.
Some types of head coverings that Russian women wear are: circlet, veil, and wimple.
Headscarves and religion
Headscarves may specifically have a religious significance or function. For instance, in some branches of Judaism, married women are required to cover their hair with scarves, known as tichels or snoods, in compliance with the code of modesty known as tzniut. These head-coverings come in different shapes and sizes. Tichel is a veil where it covers all the hair and towards the back of the head the left over veil is made into a bun. Snoods and tzniut belong to almost the same style and are worn more like a hat.
Headscarves and veils are commonly used by observant Muslim women and girls, and required by law for women and girls in certain Muslim countries (Saudi Arabia for example). The Muslim religious dress varies, and various cultures include burqa, chador, niqab, dupatta, or others. The Arabic word hijab, which refers to modest behaviour or dress in general, is often used to describe the headscarf worn by Muslim women and girls. Hijab also symbolizes that a Muslim women is married and that she has been sanctified to one man and designates her as off-limits to all other men.
In countries with large Eastern Orthodox Christianity population such as Russia headscarves and veils are used by Christian women in the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodox Church, Assyrian Church of the East, and Roman Catholic Church. A few years back, all women in Russia who attended Divine Liturgy wore head-coverings. A women having her head covered means that she honors the Lord. Head-coverings also symbolizes that a woman is married and that her husband is the head of the family. Little girls also have their heads covered when they go to Mass at church, not because they are married, but in order to honor the Lord. Today, young Russian Orthodox women and little girls still cover their heads when going to church, but with a different type of headscarf: Mantilla, which is a silk or lace scarf. Nowadays only woman of older age (grandmothers) wear full head coverings.
Oil on canvas painting by Vittore Ghislandi, called Fra Galgario.
Flower-seller (1906) - TIMEA.jpg
A woman selling flowers. Egypt, 1906.
Girls dressed up for a parade wear matching yellow headscarves. 2009, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Old Polish woman on farm.jpg
Old Polish woman on farm, 1963
Vrouw met hoofddoek - Woman with headscarf.jpg
Three Turkish women wearing headscarves, 2003.
Salvadoran women wear distinctive regional veils for national celebrations. Salvadoran Veils are an important traditional folkloric adornment for women in El Salvador's cultural attire. It's common for some women, especially older town women, who out of preference, choose to wear a veil when going to Catholic church, festivals, as well for normal daily activities.
A young Somali woman in a traditional headscarf.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Headscarves.|
- Christian headcovering
- Headscarf controversy in Turkey
- Islamic dress in Europe
- Shalwar Kameez
- rosaliegilbert.com - Veils, Wimples and Gorgets
- christianity.stackexchange.com - What happened to the practice of women covering their heads?
- al-islam.org - Why Hijab?
- stjohndc.org - On the Covering of Heads
- orthodoxinfo.com - On Account of the Angels: Why I Cover My Head
- academia.edu - Head Covering Among Catholic Laity, a pdf-download page
- altcatholicah.com - Veiling in Church: Mantilla Manifesto