Heinz Brandt

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Heinz Brandt
Born (1907-03-11)11 March 1907
Charlottenburg, Berlin
Died 21 July 1944(1944-07-21) (aged 37)
Rastenburg, East Prussia
Allegiance  Weimar Republic (1925–33)
 Nazi Germany (1933–44)
Service/branch Flag of Weimar Republic (war).svg Reichswehr
Balkenkreuz.svg Wehrmacht
Years of service 1925–1944
Rank Generalmajor (posthumously)
Battles/wars World War II
Olympic medal record
Equestrian
Representing  Germany
Gold medal – first place 1936 Berlin Show jumping, Team

Generalmajor Heinz Brandt (11 March 1907 – 21 July 1944) was a German Wehrmacht staff officer who served during World War II as an aide to Generalleutnant Adolf Heusinger, who was the head of the operations unit of the General Staff. He is notable for winning an equestrian olympic gold medal and for possibly saving Adolf Hitler's life unwittingly by moving the 20 July plot bomb planted by Oberst Claus von Stauffenberg.

Life and career

Early life

Brandt was born in Charlottenburg, Berlin and enlisted in the Reichswehr in 1925. He attended a course at the cavalry school in Hanover from 1927 to 1928 and was commissioned a lieutenant. In 1936 he was a member of the gold medal winning German show jumping team in the equestrian event at the Berlin Summer Olympics, on his horse Alchemy.

Second World War

At the outbreak of the Second World War he was a Hauptmann on the general staff of the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht. After serving in an infantry division he was promoted to Major in January 1941 and Oberstleutnant in April 1942. On 13 March 1943 Generalmajor Henning von Tresckow gave a go ahead to Lieutenant Fabian Von Schlabrendorff to proceed with the package delivery to Colonel Brandt. Schlabrendorff then asked Brandt to carry a package containing bottles of what he claimed was Cointreau onto Hitler's Condor plane for delivery to Oberst Helmuth Stieff as payment for a lost bet. The package in fact contained a primed bomb which in the event failed to detonate.[1]

In May 1943 Brandt was promoted to Oberst (Colonel).

20 July bomb

On 20 July 1944 he arrived at the Wolf's Lair headquarters in Rastenburg, East Prussia for a situation conference attended by Hitler. With the assistance of Major Ernst John von Freyend, Oberst von Stauffenberg put a briefcase containing a primed bomb at Brandt's feet as close as possible to Hitler and to the right of General Heusinger who was standing next to him. Stauffenberg then made an excuse that he had a phone call and left the room. Soon after he left Brandt wanted to get a better look at a map on the table, he found the briefcase in his way and moved the briefcase to the other side of a thick strong table leg. Seven minutes later the bomb exploded and blew one of Brandt's legs off.[2]

Death

Brandt died the next day[2] after surgery in Rastenburg hospital and was posthumously promoted to Generalmajor by Hitler. Three other people also died as a result of the explosion. It was later concluded that its exact positioning next to a leg of the map table was a crucial factor in determining who in the room survived.[3]

In film

In the 1971 Eastern Bloc co-production Liberation: Direction of the Main Blow, Brandt was portrayed by the East German actor Fritz-Ernst Fechner. In the 2008 film Valkyrie, Heinz Brandt is portrayed by British actor Tom Hollander, who is shown as an minor antagonist towards Henning von Tresckow and Claus von Stauffenberg in the film.

References

  1. Joachim Fest (1994). Plotting Hitler's Death: The German Resistance to Hitler, 1933-1945. Weidenfield & Nicholson. ISBN 0-297-81774-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ian Kershaw (2000). Hitler 1936–1945: Nemesis. Penguin Press. ISBN 0-393-32252-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Michael C Thomsett (1997). The German Opposition to Hitler: The Resistance, the Underground, and Assassination Plots, 1938–1945. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-0372-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links