Heinz Hellmich

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Heinz Hellmich
Born (1890-06-09)9 June 1890
Died 17 June 1944(1944-06-17) (aged 54)
Cherbourg, France
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1908–44
Rank Generalleutnant
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Heinz Hellmich (9 June 1890 – 17 June 1944) was a German Generalleutnant during World War II. Awarded with a posthumous Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 9 September 1944 as Generalleutnant and commander of the 243. Infanterie-Division.[1]


Born in Karlsruhe, Hellmuch joined the military service in 1908. On 22 March 1910, while serving in 136th Infantry Regiment, he became Leutnant. After World War I he served in various units and kept various commanding positions. His service was followed with the promotions: Oberstleutnant (1 February 1934), Oberst (1 January 1936), Generalmajor (1 October 1939) and Generalleutnant (1 September 1941).

When World War II begun he was on a duty as a supply Officer in German 7th Army. From 25 October 1939 he managed supplies in the Army Group B. As a commander of the 23rd Infantry Division (from 1 June 1940 to 17 January 1942) he took part in the French campaign, invasion of the Soviet Union (operation Barbarossa) and in the bloody battles for Bialystok-Minsk, Brest, Smolensk, Vyazma and finally in the Battle of Moscow. After several months, on 1 April 1942, he became a commander of 141st Reserve Division. In 1943, he worked with the defected Red Army general Andrey Vlasov and other volunteers from the Soviet Union as the general of the eastern troops (Osttruppen), which he held until early January 1944.[2] On 10 January 1944, he was moved to France and put in a command of 243rd Infantry Division, stationed in the Cotentin Peninsula. This coastal defense division protected the western coast of the Cotentin Peninsula when the Allied invasion begun on 6 June 1944.

Hellmich was killed while defending Cherbourg during the Allied invasion of Normandy on 17 June 1944.

Awards and decorations



  1. Fellgiebel 2000, p. 221.
  2. Strikt-Strikfeldt (1973), pg 118
  3. Scherzer 2007, p. 379.


  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. Unknown parameter |trans_title= ignored (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Strikt-Strikfeldt, Wilfried (1973). Against Stalin and Hitler: Memoirs of the Russian Liberation Movement, 1941–1945 (in English (translated from German)). New York, USA: The John Day Company. ISBN 0-381-98185-1. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Military offices
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Walter von Brockdorff-Ahlefeldt
Commander of 23. Infanterie-Division
1 June 1940 – 17 January 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Curt Badinski
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Ulrich von Waldow
Commander of 141. Reserve-Division
1 April 1942 – 10 December 1942
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Otto Schönherr
Preceded by
Position established
General of the Eastern Troops (General der Osttruppen)
1943 – 1 January 1944
Succeeded by
General der Kavallerie Ernst August Köstring
Preceded by
Generalmajor Hermann von Witzleben
Commander of 243. Infanterie-Division
10 January 1944 – 17 June 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Bernhard Klosterkemper