Help:IPA for Afrikaans

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Afrikaans pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Afrikaans phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Afrikaans, as well as dialectal variations that are not represented here.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
b beet beet
d dak den
f fiets, ver fast
ɦ had behind
j jas yard
k kat skin
l land land
m mens man
n nek neck
ŋ eng long
p pen, rib sport
r ras rolled r
s sok, zeep sock
ʃ sjabloon, chef shall
t tak, had stop
Tsjechië
tjek
chat
χ acht, weg loch (Scottish English)
v wang velvet
ʒ jury vision
Marginal consonants
ʔ beëindig
[bəˈʔəindəχ]
the catch in uh-oh!
Jakarta jump
ɡ goal[1] goal
z zoo
Stress
ˈ vóórkomen
voorkómen
as in commandeer
/ˌkɒmənˈdɪər/
ˌ
Vowels
IPA Examples English approximation
Monophthongs (oral)
ɐ bad duck
ɑː aap father
æ vertrek, pêl back
æː perd, grênd jazz
ɛ met met
ɛː sê Modern RP square
ə vis, hemel, vanaand[2] again
əː wîe[3] fur
i diep deep
spieël, bier[4] need
ɔ bot thought
ɔː môre[5] law
œ hut roughly like hug
œː rûe[5]
u hoed boot
koeël, moer[4] food
y fuut roughly like cute
muur[4] roughly like cue
Monophthongs (nasal)
ɐ̃ː dans No English equivalent, long nasalized [ɐ]
ɛ̃ː mens No English equivalent, long nasalized [ɛ]
ɔ̃ː spons No English equivalent, long nasalized [ɔ]
Diphthongs
ɐi baie price
ɑːi draai prize
beet, ezel rhea
neus roughly like nurse
əi byt may
iu sneeu free will
boot poor
oːi nooi boys
œi buit house (Scottish English)
œu jou, dauw boat

Notes

  1. /ɡ/ is not a native phoneme of Afrikaans and only occurs in loanwords, like goal or when /k/ is voiced, like in sakdoek [ˈsɐɡduk]. It also occurs as an allophone of /χ/.
  2. In some words (such as vanaand), the unstressed allophone of /ə/ is written ⟨a⟩ (Donaldson (1993:4, 6)).
  3. /əː/ occurs only in this word (Donaldson (1993:7)).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 As phonemes, /iː/ and /uː/ occur only in the words spieël and koeël, respectively. In other cases, [iː] and [uː] occur as allophones of, respectively, /i/ and /u/ before /r/. /y/ is also lengthened to [yː] before /r/ (Donaldson (1993:4–6)).
  5. 5.0 5.1 /œː/ and /ɔː/ occur only in a few words (Donaldson (1993:7).

References