Help:IPA for Astur-Leonese

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Asturian, Extremaduran and Mirandese pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Consonants
Asturias
A
23x15px
E
Miranda do Douro
 M 
Examples English approximation
b b bota, vida / bida best
ɸ ː abdicar Japanese f (A)
β β β la vida / la bida, cabra between baby and bevy
ɸː las vidas / las bidas between baby and bevy (A, M), Japanese f (E)
d de, onda date
ð ð ð sedo, padre other
θː desde thing
f ɸ f fueu face (A, M), Japanese f (E)
h fierro / hierro / fiêrro face, hot
ʰ nafta face, hot
silent, face
ɡ ɡ gata, anguila got
x ŋ digno, ac German Bach (A), sing (E), got (M)
ɣ ɣ ɣ agora, águila between ago and ahold
xː (d)esgracia / desgraça between ago and ahold (A, M), German Bach (E)
ʝ h ʎ muyer / mujer / mulhier beyond, hope, million
ʝ j oye / oyi beyond
ɟʝ ʒ cónyuxe / cónyuji / cónjuge injure, rouge
k cun, que, cual / qual scan
l l l salir, alto lip
ˡ sal [1] lip, palm, wool
ʎ ʎ llingua / lhéngua million
ʎ [2] million
m mes, amar mother
n naide, sana need
ŋ pinga, en, álbum / álbun [3] sing
ɲ añus / anhos canyon
p pero spouse
r rato, carro rolled r
ɾ ɾ ɾ trato, caro, alto (E) US ladder
ʳ mar are
s s sol, pasu / passo sack
ʰ estar / estal / star bus, cat, stark
ð casa / cada sack, other, zebra
z ʱ esmeráu / smerado quiz, cat
t tolos, ocho / oito stand
chano, ocho / oito chop
v ʱ v afgano of, cat
θ ː d admira, ritmo thing (A), date (M)
θ cielos thing, sack
ʰ paz / paç thing, cat, bus
ð decir / idel / dezir thing, other, zebra
ð ʱ paz / paç de la tierra smooth, cat, quiz
ʃ s ʃ xorda / sorda shop, sack
h caxa / caja shop, hope
ʒ axunto / ajunto, orixe / ourige shop, hope, rouge
ʒ ʱ rouge, cat
IPA Dialectal consonants
h ierro ham
ɟʝ yyegar (ll, ch), muyyer (ll, ) injure
ɖ ḷḷingua, patsuezu
(in some local orthographies)[4]
guard
ɖʐ gin
ʈʂ chin
ts otso (ocho / oito) pizza
IPA Vowels
Asturias
A
23x15px
E
Miranda do Douro
 M 
Examples English approximation
a a cacho, pá father
ɐ cachico tub
e e senu / seno, pie / piê pay
ɛ bezu / beç, sé bet
ɨ cebada roses
i chícharo see
o o puerta / puôrta cold
ɔ home, abó thought
ʊ costiella / costiêlha influence
u pruma food
IPA Final reduced vowels[5]
a ɐ
ɪ ɨ
ʊ
IPA Dialectal vowels
ɛ
ɔ
 
IPA Semivowels[6]
Asturias
A
23x15px
E
Miranda do Douro
M
Examples English approximation
j fierro / fiêrro you / boy
w puerta / puôrta wine / cow
 
IPA Suprasegmentals
Asturias
A
23x15px
E
Miranda do Douro
M
Examples Explanation
ˈ
ˌ
.
ː ː ː ? gemination
esti [ˈeʰtːɪ]
IPA Diacritics
◌̃ antes, cun [7] nasal vowel[7]

Notes

  1. In Mirandese, the article l (the) is pronounced [ɫ̩] (/ɨl/).
  2. Yeísmo is found in some southern areas where Extremaduran language is spoken (Área de Yeísmo. Cartografía Lingüística de Extremadura)
  3. In Extremaduran, /n/ is the only final consonant that always is pronounced
  4. Varies with a voiced retroflex affricate, a voiceless retroflex affricate and in southwestern Asturian dialects a voiced retroflex plosive.
  5. Many dialects only allow /a/, /i/ and /u/ in final unstressed syllables .
  6. The semivowels [j] and [w] can be combined with most vowels to form diphthongs and triphthongs.
  7. 7.0 7.1 Mirandese has the following nasal vowels: /ɐ̃/, /ɛ̃/, /ĩ/, /ɨ̃/, /õ/ and /ũ/.

References

Asturian

  • García Arias, Xosé Lluis (2003). Gramática histórica de la lengua asturiana (in Spanish). Academia de la Llingua Asturiana. 
  • "Gramática de la Llingua Asturiana" (PDF) (in Asturian). 

Extremaduran

Mirandese