Help:IPA for Icelandic

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Icelandic language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

See Icelandic phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Icelandic.

Consonants
IPA Examples English approximation
c gys skew
kær cute
ʰc ekki skew (with an h sound before it)
ç hjá hue
ð verða weather
f pka, f fun
ɣ laga (like Spanish trigo)
h hús hop
j jú, lagi yes
k göng sky
hver[1], krakki kite
ʰk þakka sky (with an h sound before it)
l líf leap
stelpa (voiceless, like hl)
m miði moon
lampi (voiceless, like hm)
n níu noon
hnífur (voiceless, like hn)
ɲ lengi canyon
ɲ̊ banki [ˈpauɲ̊cɪ] (voiceless, like hny)
ŋ ungs sing
ŋ̊ þungt (voiceless, like hng)
p böl, nafni spy
páfi pie
ʰp tappi spy (with an h sound before it)
r rós ring (trilled)
hreinn (voiceless, like hr)
s saga sing
t dagur, galli, seinna sty
tvær tie
ʰt stutt sty (with an h sound before it)
θ þ think
v afi, verk very
x sjúkt, sagt Bach
hver[1] why
Vowels[2]
IPA Examples English approximation
Monophthongs
a Karl art
raka father
ɛ kenna bet
ɛː nema bed
i fínt leaf
líf leave
ɪ yi kit
ɪː yfir, vita kid
ɔ loft RP/Australian hot
ɔː von RP/Australian nod
œ dökk Somewhat like nurse
œː öl Somewhat like fur
u ungur boot
núna food
ʏ upp roughly like shoe, but shorter
ʏː kul roughly like shoe
Diphthongs
ai ætla RP right
aiː æfing pie
au sjálfur mouth
auː páfi allow
ei engi pace
eiː heim pay
ou hóll goat
ouː kólna go
øi laust roughly like Louie, but shorter
øiː auga roughly like Louie
Other symbols used in transcription of Icelandic pronunciation
IPA Explanation
ˈ Primary stress (placed before the stressed syllable),
langur [ˈlauŋkʏr̥]

Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 The word "hver" (everyone) is realised differently across dialects.
  2. Vowels are long when stressed and followed by no more than one consonant double consonant, although exceptions abound. The vowel length is not phonemic.

Bibliography