The charts below show how the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Italian language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.
See Italian phonology for a more thorough overview of the sounds of Italian. There is also an Italian pronunciation guide at Wiktionary.
To learn more about the correspondence between spelling and sounds, see Italian orthography.
||done (with the tongue touching the teeth)
||zaino; zelare; mezzo
||giungla; magia; fingere; judo
||gatto; agro; glifo; ghetto
||cavolo; acuto; anche; quei; kiwi
||lato; lievemente; pala
||gli; glielo; maglia
||roughly like million
||mano; amare; anfibio
||nano; punto; pensare
||unghia; panchina; dunque
||roughly like canyon
||primo; ampio; copertura
||Roma; quattro; morte
||sano; scatola; presentire; pasto
||scena; sciame; pesci
||tranne; mito; alto
||star (with the tongue touching the teeth)
||sozzo; canzone; marzo
||certo; cinque; ciao; farmacia
||vado; povero; watt
||sbavare; presentare; asma
||ieri; scoiattolo; più; Jesi; yacht
||uovo; fuoco; qui; week-end
||alto; sarà; elica
||roughly like father in some accents
||vero; perché; come
||roughly like pay
||imposta; colibrì; zie; ogni
||roughly like law (RP)
||ultimo; caucciù; tuo
||viveur; goethiano; Churchill
||roughly like murder (RP)
||loch (Scottish English)
||parure; brûlé; Führer
||future (Scottish English)
||abat-jour; casual; Fuji
||primary stress, as in bottle
||secondary stress, as in intonation
||syllable break: co-op, rower
- ↑ If the consonants are doubled between vowels, they are geminated. This may also happen between sonorants (genuinely, all consonants can be geminated except for /z/). In IPA, gemination can be represented either by doubling the consonant: fatto /ˈfatto/, mezzo /ˈmɛddzo/; or by the length marker ‹ ː ›. Italian also has a sandhi phenomenon called syntactic gemination, e.g., va via /vavˈviːa/).
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 ⟨z⟩ represents both /ts/ and /dz/. Italian orthography explains how they are used.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 /dz/, /ts/, /ʎ/, /ɲ/ and /ʃ/ are always geminated between vowels.
- ↑ If the two characters ⟨ɡ⟩ and ⟨⟩ do not match and if the first looks like a ⟨γ⟩, then you have an issue with your default font. See Rendering issues.
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 The nasals always assimilate their place of articulation to that of the following consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/~/nk/ is a velar [ŋ], and the one in /nf/~/nv/ is a labiodental [ɱ] (though for simplicity ⟨m⟩ takes its place in this list). A nasal before /p/ and /b/ is always the labial [m].
- ↑ Italian contrasts seven monophthongs in stressed syllables. Open-mid vowels /ɛ ɔ/ can only appear when the syllable is stressed (e.g. coperto /koˈpɛrto/), close-mid vowels /e o/ are found elsewhere (e.g. Boccaccio /bokˈkattʃo/, amore /aˈmoːre/). Open and close vowels /a i u/ stay unchanged in unstressed syllables, though word-final unstressed /i/ may become an approximant [j] before vowels in a process known as synalepha (syllable merging), e.g. pari età /ˌparjeˈta/.
- ↑ "law" in Received Pronunciation has a mid back rounded vowel [lɔ̝ː] whereas in General American, that vowel varies between being open-mid back rounded [lɔː], open back rounded [lɒː] or even open back unrounded [lɑː].
- ↑ Usually dropped.
- ↑ Open-mid [œ] or close-mid [ø] if stressed, usually [ø] when unstressed. May be replaced by [ɛ] (stressed) or [e] (stressed or unstressed).
- ↑ In Spanish loanwords it is usually realized as [h] or dropped; in German ones, it is usually pronounced [k].
- ↑ Often realized as [u] or [ju].
- ↑ Since in Italian there isn't a distinction between heavier or lighter vowels (e.g. English o in conclusion vs o in nomination), a defined secondary stress, even in long words, is extremely rare.
- ↑ Stressed vowels are long when in a non-final open syllable: fato /ˈfaːto/ ~ fatto /ˈfatto/.