Help:IPA for Mingrelian

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Mingrelian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles.

IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
b b bash
d d do
dz j pads
ǰ hedge
ɡ g gate
ɣ (ejective)[1]
French-like R
h h head
j y yell
k (ejective) [1]
k k' can
l l leaf
m m much
n n not
p (ejective)[1]
p p' pan
q (ejective)[1]
r r road
s s sue
ʃ š shoe
t (ejective)[1]
t t' table
tsʼ c (ejective)[1]
ts c' tsunami
tʃʼ č (ejective)[1]
č' choose
v v van
x x Bach
z z zoo
ʒ ž vision
ʔ ʔ the glotal stop in uh-oh
IPA Georgian Romanization English approximation
ɑ a bra
ə ə focus
ɛ e bell
i i feel
ɔ o law
u u moon


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Ejective consonants, which do not occur in English, are voiceless consonants that are pronounced with pressure from the throat rather than the lungs.