Help:IPA for Northern Thai

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Thai script and Tai Tham script in Wikipedia articles containing Northern Thai words.

IPA Thai Tai Tham English approximation
b Lanna-23.png abash
d ฎ,ด Lanna-17.png ado
f ฝ,ฟ Lanna-26.png,Lanna-28.png food
h ห,ฮ Lanna-38.png,Lanna-32.png,Lanna-41.png head
j ญ,ย,อย,หย Lanna-44.png yak
k Lanna-1.png,Lanna-4.png scan
l ล,ฬ,หล Lanna-33.png,Lanna-32.png,Lanna-39.png leaf
m ม,หม Lanna-30.png much
n ณ,น,หน Lanna-16.png,Lanna-22.png not
ŋ ง,หง Lanna-7.png bang
ɲ Lanna-13.png,Lanna-31.png canyon
p Lanna-24.png,Lanna-27.png span
ผ,พ,ภ Lanna-25.png,Lanna-29.png pan
r ร,หร Lanna-32.png roughly like water (American English)
s ซ,ศ,ษ,ส Lanna-9.png,Lanna-11.png,Lanna-12.png,Lanna-35.png,Lanna-36.png,Lanna-37.png sue
t ฏ,ต Lanna-14.png,Lanna-18.png,Lanna-20.png stable
ฐ,ฑ,ฒ,ถ,ท,ธ Lanna-15.png,Lanna-15-5.png,Lanna-19.png,Lanna-21.png table
t͡ɕ Lanna-8.png,Lanna-10.png question
w ว,หว Lanna-34.png way
x ข,ฃ,ค,ฅ,ฆ Lanna-2.png,Lanna-3.png,Lanna-5.png,Lanna-6.png can
ʔ อ, ะ Lanna-40.png,10px the catch in uh-oh
IPA Description
= āː mid [aː˧]
àː low [aː˨˩] or [aː˩]
âː falling [aː˥˩]
a᷇ː high falling [aː˥˧]
áː high [aː˦˥]
ǎː rising [aː˨˦]
IPA Thai[1] Tai Tham script English approximation
Short vowels
a ◌ะ, ◌ั◌ 10px, 20px cut
e เ◌ะ, เ◌็◌ Lanna-e.png10px, Lanna-e.png20px roughly like say
ɛ แ◌ะ, แ◌็◌ 20px10px, 20px20px roughly like bat
i ◌ิ, ◌ิ◌ 20px, Lanna-Pali-i.png happy
o โ◌ะ, ◌◌ 20px10px,10px go without u sound (shorter)
ɔ เ◌าะ, ◌็อ◌ 20px20px10px lot
u ◌ุ, ◌ุ◌ 20px,Lanna-Pali-u.png loot (shorter)
ɯ ◌ึ, ◌ึ◌ 20px good
ɤ เ◌อะ Lanna-e.png20px10px roughly like hurt (shorter)
Long vowels
◌า, ◌า◌ Lanna-aa.png,20px bra
เ◌, เ◌◌ Lanna-e.png◌,Lanna-Pali-e.png play
ɛː แ◌, แ◌◌ 20px roughly like man
◌ี, ◌ี◌ 20px green
โ◌, โ◌◌ 20px◌,20pxLanna-aa.png go without u sound
ɔː ◌อ, ◌อ◌ 10px,20px lawn
◌ู, ◌ู, 20px moon
ɯː ◌ือ, ◌ื◌ 20px good (longer)
ɤː เ◌อ, เ◌ิ◌ Lanna-e.png20px roughly like fur
iaʔ, iəʔ เ◌ียะ Lanna-e.png20px20px No English equivalent
ia, iə เ◌ีย, เ◌ีย◌ Lanna-e.png20px20px idea
uaʔ, uəʔ ◌ัวะ 20px10px No English equivalent
ua, uə ◌ัว, ◌ว◌ 20px poor (British English)
ɯaʔ, ɯəʔ เ◌ือะ Lanna-e.png20px10px No English equivalent
ɯa, ɯə เ◌ือ, เ◌ือ◌ Lanna-e.png20px No English equivalent


  1. Vowels diacritics are shown on a dotted circle "◌".