Helsinki Airport

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Helsinki Airport
Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema
Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats
Helsinki-vantaa aerial.jpg
Airport type Public
Operator Finavia
Serves Helsinki, Finland
Location Vantaa
Opened 1952 (1952)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL 55 m / 179 ft
Coordinates Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
HEL is located in Finland
Location within Finland
Direction Length Surface
m ft
04R/22L 3,500 11,483 Asphalt
04L/22R 3,060 10,039 Asphalt
15/33 2,901 9,518 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers total 16,422,266 Increase
International passengers 13,830,542 Increase
Domestic passengers 2,591,724 Increase
Landings 82,715 Increase
Source: AIP Finland[1]
Statistics from Finavia[2]

Helsinki Airport[3] or Helsinki-Vantaa Airport[4] (IATA: HELICAO: EFHK; Finnish: Helsinki-Vantaan lentoasema, Swedish: Helsingfors-Vanda flygplats) is the main international airport of the Helsinki metropolitan region and the whole of Finland with about 16 million passengers annually. It serves as the hub for Finnair, the Finnish flag carrier, as well as a base for Blue1, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Nordic Regional Airlines. The airport is located in the city of Vantaa, about 5 kilometres (3 mi) west of Tikkurila, the centre of Vantaa and 9.2 NM (17.0 km; 10.6 mi) north[1] of Helsinki city center. Helsinki Airport is the leading long-haul airport in Northern Europe and a popular transfer point.


Originally built for the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki, the airport nowadays is the fourth busiest airport in the Nordic countries,[5] with 15,948,760 passengers having used the airport in 2014. This number makes up for 81% of the total number of passengers in Finland's 21 commercial airports combined (18,880,940).[6] making it the busiest airport in Finland by far. It provides jobs for 20,000 people and there are 1,500 companies that operate at this airport.[7] The airport is operated by Finavia, the state-owned enterprise that operates Finland's airports.

As of February 2015, there has been a proposal to rename the airport as "Sibelius Airport" after Jean Sibelius, Finland's most famous composer. The proposal stems from the project group of Jean Sibelius's anniversary year 2015, the foundation for the Sibelius birth city foundation and the Sibelius society. The Finnish government ministers Alexander Stubb, Antti Rinne and Paula Risikko have expressed positive feedback for the proposal.[8][9]



The airport is nominally divided into two terminals, located 250 metres (820 ft) apart and linked by an internal pedestrian connection both airside and landside. In practice, however, the airside parts of the terminal buildings are not divided into Terminal 1 (the former domestic terminal) and Terminal 2 (the former international terminal) but to Schengen and non-Schengen areas. The non-Schengen area of Terminal 2 has been enlarged in 2009 enabling the airport to accommodate eight wide-body aircraft at gates simultaneously. The terminal capacity of the airport is approximately 16–17 million passengers per year.[10] Terminal 1 is used by member airlines of Star Alliance (such as Lufthansa, Scandinavian Airlines and Swiss International Air Lines) and terminal 2 is used by member airlines of Oneworld and Skyteam airline alliances (such as British Airways, Finnair and KLM). Turkish Airlines makes an exception in Star Alliance airlines using Terminal 2.

In 2014, Helsinki airport introduced the world's first passenger tracking system,[11] which automatically monitors crowd congestion and prevents bottlenecks at the two-terminal airport.[11]


The airport's three runways provide a platform for future growth while the airport can accommodate wide-body aircraft such as the Airbus A340. The use of three runways allows for efficient clearing away of snow and ice during the winter months to keep the airport open.[12]

Ground handling

The following handling agents provide ground handling services for airlines:[13] Airpro, Aviator and Swissport.

Other users

There are several airport hotels and office buildings on the grounds of the airport. The Aviapolis is a new international business park adjacent to the Helsinki airport area, already hosting the operations of numerous companies around the airport. Several hotels are located near the airport as well.


In 2013 Finavia announced plans to expand the airport to serve up to 20 million passenger by 2020. The construction is set to begin in 2014 by adding capacity to check-in and transit areas at Terminal 2. The expansion project is estimated to cost 900 million euros. Part of the plan was to build a satellite terminal next to Terminal 2 but the plan was cancelled in favor of expansion under a single terminal building.[14] In September 2014 Finavia revealed more detailed plans for the future expansion that will take place between 2014 and 2020. The Terminals 1 and 2 will be combined and expanded under one roof with new gates (8 additional jet bridges to Terminal 2) and aircraft stands on the apron.[15] The construction of southern wing of Terminal 2 started on 4 January 2016 and western wing starts in 2017.

Airlines and destinations


The following airlines offer scheduled flights at Helsinki Airport:

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens 1
Aeroflot Moscow-Sheremetyevo 2
airBaltic Riga, Vilnius 1
Air Berlin Berlin-Tegel 2
Airest Pori (begins 1 February 2016)[16] 2
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 2
Belavia Minsk-National 2
British Airways London-Heathrow 2
Budapest Aircraft Service Savonlinna 2
Czech Airlines Prague (resumes 3 March 2016)[17] 2
Finnair Amsterdam, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Barcelona, Beijing-Capital, Berlin-Tegel, Brussels, Budapest, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Delhi, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Fukuoka (begins 7 May 2016),[18] Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Guangzhou (resumes 6 May 2016),[19] Hamburg, Hong Kong, Ivalo, Joensuu, Kittilä, Kraków, Kuopio, Kuusamo, London-Heathrow, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Sheremetyevo, Munich, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka-Kansai, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Saint Petersburg, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Yekaterinburg, Zürich
Seasonal: Antalya, Athens, Bergen, Biarritz, Catania, Chania, Chicago-O'Hare, Dalaman, Dubai-International, Dubrovnik, Edinburgh (begins 18 April 2016), Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gazipaşa, Gran Canaria, Heraklion, Ho Chi Minh City, Innsbruck, Kos, Krabi, Lanzarote, Ljubljana, Malta, Mytilene (begins 25 May 2016), Naples, Nice, Ovda, Paphos, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Pisa, Preveza (begins 13 June 2016), Pula (begins 20 June 2016), Rhodes, Rimini (begins 14 May 2016), Salzburg, Santorini (begins 7 May 2016), Skiathos (begins 23 June 2016), Split, Tenerife-North, Tenerife-South, Toronto-Pearson, Varna (begins 10 June 2016), Venice-Marco Polo, Verona (begins 4 June 2016), Xi'an, Zakynthos (begins 14 June 2016)
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Berlin-Tegel, Billund (begins 4 April 2016), Brussels, Budapest, Copenhagen, Dublin, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Gdansk, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter, Hamburg, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kajaani, Kemi, Kokkola, Kuopio, Kuusamo, Manchester, Mariehamn, Munich, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Riga, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm-Arlanda, Stockholm-Bromma, Tallinn, Tampere, Tartu, Turku, Vaasa, Vienna, Vilnius, Warsaw-Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Enontekiö, Kazan, Longyearbyen (begins 1 June 2016), Samara, Tromsø, Visby
operated by Golden Air
Seasonal: Visby 1
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavík 2
Japan Airlines Tokyo-Narita 2
KLM Amsterdam 2
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Alicante, Barcelona, Budapest, Copenhagen, London-Gatwick, Madrid, Málaga, Oslo-Gardermoen, Oulu, Paris-Orly, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, Rovaniemi, Stockholm-Arlanda
Seasonal: Athens, Burgas, Chania, Dubai-International,[20] Dublin, Dubrovnik, Gran Canaria, Ivalo, Kittilä, Larnaca, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Pula, Rhodes, Salzburg, Split, Tenerife South, Venice-Marco Polo
Primera Air Seasonal: Gran Canaria, Tenerife South 2
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1
Severstal Aircompany Cherepovets 2
SunExpress Seasonal: Izmir 2
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich 1
TAP Portugal Lisbon 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 2
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev-Boryspil 2
Ural Airlines Seasonal: Yekaterinburg (begins 27 May 2016)[21] 2
Vueling Barcelona 1


Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal charter: Kos 1
Corendon Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Gazipasa 2
Finnair Seasonal charter: Agadir, Dubai-Al Maktoum, Goa, Havana, Karpathos, Langkawi, Murmansk, Puerto Plata, 2
Freebird Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya, Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen 2
Jet Time Seasonal charter: Antalya, Bodrum, Bourgas, Corfu, Dalaman, Fuerteventura, Gazipaşa, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Kavala, Kos, Lanzarote, Mahon, Marsa Alam, Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Split, Zakynthos 2
Nouvelair Tunisie Seasonal charter: Enfidha 2
Scandinavian Airlines Seasonal charter: Salzburg, Turin 1
Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia Seasonal charter: Banjul, Chania, Funchal, Gran Canaria, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Preveza, Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Varna 2
TUIfly Nordic Seasonal charter: Alghero, Antalya, Boavista, Catania, Chania, Gran Canaria, Kos, Krabi, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Palma de Mallorca, Phuket, Rhodes, Sal, Samos, Tenerife North, Tenerife South 2
TUIfly Nordic
operated by Thomson Airways
Seasonal charter: Cancún, Colombo, Krabi, Mauritius, Montego Bay 2


Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Frankfurt, Moscow-Sheremetyevo
Airest Tallinn
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
Brussels, Leipzig/Halle, London-Luton
FedEx Express Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stockholm-Arlanda
Finnair Cargo[22] Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Brussels, Chicago-O'Hare, Chongqing, Delhi, Dubai-International, Hong Kong, London-Heathrow, Miami, Nagoya-Centrair, New York-JFK, Osaka, Phuket, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong, Singapore, Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion, Tokyo-Narita, Toronto-Pearson, Xi'an
Nord-Flyg Mariehamn
Pskovavia Saint Petersburg
TNT Airways Liège, Örebro
Turkish Airlines Cargo1 Istanbul-Atatürk, Stockholm-Arlanda
UPS Airlines Cologne/Bonn, Malmö, Stockholm-Arlanda

^1 Some flights operated by MASkargo or ULS Airlines Cargo.


10 busiest international routes

Runway 33 at Helsinki Airport
Check-in-area at Terminal 2
Rank City Airport(s) Weekly departures
(May 2014)
1. Sweden Stockholm Stockholm Arlanda Airport, Stockholm Bromma Airport
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
2. Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen-Kastrup Airport
Cimber, Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Scandinavian Airlines
3. United Kingdom London London Heathrow Airport, London Gatwick Airport
British Airways, Finnair, Norwegian Air Shuttle
4. Latvia Riga Riga Airport
Air Baltic, Nordic Regional Airlines
5. Norway Oslo Oslo Gardermoen Airport
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
6. Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport
Finnair, Lufthansa, Nordic Regional Airlines
7. Estonia Tallinn Tallinn Airport
Nordic Regional Airlines
8. France Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport, Orly Airport
Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
8. Germany Berlin Berlin Tegel Airport
Air Berlin, Finnair, Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Germany Munich Munich Airport
Finnair, Lufthansa, Nordic Regional Airlines
10. Netherlands Amsterdam Amsterdam Schiphol Airport
Finnair, KLM

10 busiest domestic routes

Rank City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(May 2014)
1. Finland Oulu Oulu Airport
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Norwegian Air Shuttle
2. Finland Kuopio Kuopio Airport
Finnair, Flybe Nordic
3. Finland Vaasa Vaasa Airport
Finnair, Flybe Nordic
4. Finland Rovaniemi Rovaniemi Airport
Finnair, Flybe Nordic, Norwegian Air Shuttle
5. Finland Tampere Tampere-Pirkkala Airport
Flybe Nordic
5. Finland Turku Turku Airport
Flybe Nordic
7. Finland Joensuu Joensuu Airport
Flybe Nordic
8. Finland Kajaani Kajaani Airport
Flybe Nordic
9. Finland Jyväskylä Jyväskylä Airport
Flybe Nordic
10. Finland Kemi Kemi-Tornio Airport
Flybe Nordic


Finnair Airbus A330-300 at Helsinki Airport
Annual passenger statistics for Helsinki Airport[23]
Year Domestic passengers International passengers Total passengers Change
1999 2,803,907 6,760,931 9,564,028 +2.2% Increase
2000 3,042,914 6,967,234 10,010,148 +4.7% Increase
2001 2,999,672 7,031,246 10,030,918 +0.2% Increase
2002 2,747,862 6,862,025 9,609,887 −4.2% Decrease
2003 2,684,618 7,026,302 9,710,920 +1.1% Increase
2004 2,836,852 7,893,125 10,729,977 +10.5% Increase
2005 2,804,304 8,326,285 11,130,589 +3.7% Increase
2006 2,927,627 9,220,154 12,147,781 +9.1% Increase
2007 2,875,289 10,215,455 13,090,744 +7.8% Increase
2008 2,700,350 10,726,551 13,426,901 +2.2% Increase
2009 2,372,844 10,218,762 12,591,606 −6.3% Decrease
2010 2,208,521 10,674,878 12,883,399 +2.2% Increase
2011 2,707,044 12,158,827 14,865,871 +15.5% Increase
2012 2,693,151 12,165,064 14,858,215 −0.1% Decrease
2013 2,431,632 12,847,411 15,279,043 +2.8% Increase
2014 2,507,193 13,441,567 15,948,760 +4.4% Increase
2015 2,591,724 13,830,542 16,442,266 +3.0% Increase

Freight and Mail

Loaded/Unloaded freight and mail (tons, kg) Helsinki Airport[24]
Year Domestic freight Domestic mail International freight International mail Total freight and mail Change
2005 4,692 5,251 115,734 9,627 135,303 +1.9% Increase
2006 4,145 5,469 126,332 9,098 145,044 +7.2% Increase
2007 3,171 5,676 139,840 14,961 154,801 +6.7% Increase
2008 2,968 4,435 140,572 9,532 157,508 +1.8% Increase
2009 1,322 2,161 110,382 8,243 122,107 −22.5% Decrease
2010 1,083 1,992 147,139 7,793 158,007 +29.4% Increase
2011 615 2,464 157,178 9,962 169,985 +8.0% Increase
2012 1,747 1,930 180,426 8,100 192,204 +12.8% Increase
2013 1,260 1,857 179,615 7,713 190,175 -1.0% Decrease
2014 987 1,558 175,341 10,986 188,872 -0.7% Decrease
2015 598 1,378 150,366 9,185 161,572 -14.7% Decrease

Ground transportation


Helsinki Airport Railway Station on July 10, 2015

The Ring Rail Line railway link to the airport opened for traffic in July 2015.[25] The new railway serves local commuter trains running at 10-minute intervals at peak periods, although capacity problems have prevented dedicated airport express style trains. The westbound commuter line "I" runs to Helsinki Central station via Huopalahti/Hoplax, while the eastbound commuter line "P" runs to Helsinki Central station via Tikkurila/Dickursby. The trip from the airport underground station to Helsinki Central station takes about 30 minutes and costs 5 euros. Eastbound trains stop at Tikkurila (8 minutes away) where passengers can transfer to trains going away from Helsinki, in the directions of Tampere and Lahti, including lines to Saint Petersburg and Moscow.[26]


There is regular bus service provided by the bus line 615 from the airport to the Helsinki Central railway station in 30–55 minutes, and major hotels and railway stations in the Greater Helsinki Area in 15–120 minutes[citation needed]. The chief operator of these services is the Helsinki Regional Transport Authority. A direct coach service by Finnair is also available to and from the city center (usually about 30 min).

Coach connections, daytime and overnight, to all parts of Finland are provided by Matkahuolto and ExpressBus. They depart from the airport coach terminal.

Means of transport at Helsinki Airport
Means of transport Operator Route Destinations Website Notes
Bus Bus Helsinki Regional Transport Authority 615 Helsinki Central railway station (Finnish: Rautatientori)
Pohjolan Liikenne Finnair City Bus Helsinki Central railway station
Matkahuolto -- Hämeenlinna, Imatra, Joensuu, Jyväskylä, Kotka, Kouvola, Kuopio, Lahti, Lappeenranta, Lohja, Mikkeli, Oulu, Porvoo, Salo, Tampere, Turku, Vaasa
Train Train VR P Helsinki Central railway station (via Tikkurila railway station)
VR I Helsinki Central railway station (via Huopalahti railway station)

See also


  1. 1.0 1.1 "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 23 July 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, pp. 1–7. Retrieved 25 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Finavia's Air Traffic Statistics 2010" (PDF). Vantaa: Finavia. pp. 7, 9. Retrieved 15 July 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Helsinki Airport". Finavia. Retrieved 29 August 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "EFHK Helsinki-Vantaa" (PDF). AIP Suomi / Finland. Finavia. 5 February 2015. pp. EFHK AD 2.1, p. 1. Retrieved 18 July 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "(HEL) Helsinki-Vantaa Airport". Retrieved 10 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Raeste, Juha-Pekka: Lentoasemat pulassa. Helsingin Sanomat 8 June 2014, pp. B8-B9,
  7. "Helsinki Airport". Retrieved 10 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Arvovaltainen aloite: Helsinki-Vantaan lentokentästä Sibelius-lentokenttä, Helsingin Sanomat online edition, 4 February 2015.
  9. "Helsinki-Vantaan lentoaseman nimeen halutaan Jean Sibelius". Retrieved 10 May 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Helsinki airport introduces world's first passenger tracking system". The Sydney Morning Herald. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "How Helsinki airport deals with snow and ice". BBC News. 20 December 2010. Retrieved 16 July 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. [1]
  14. Finavia is starting a major development programme at Helsinki Airport 16 October 2013
  15. Helsinki Airport determined to remain an attractive international hub: services will expand under one roof 18 September 2014
  21. L, J (12 January 2016). "Ural Airlines Adds Ekaterinburg – Helsinki Service from late-May 2016". Airline Route. Retrieved 12 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  22. [2]
  23. "Traffic statistics – Passanger traffic" (PDF). Finavia. Retrieved 14 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  24. "Traffic statistics – Freight traffic" (PDF). Finavia. Retrieved 14 January 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  26. "Ring Rail Line". Finnish Transport Agency. 14 July 2011. Retrieved 16 July 2011.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links