Hempstead, New York

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Hempstead, New York
Town of Hempstead
Atlantic Beach and Long Beach Aeriel View.JPG
Village of Hempstead.jpg Uniondale.JPG
LONG ISLAND JFK FROM A310 CSA OK-WAA FLIGHT JFK-PRG (7270151516).jpg Bethpage Air Show and Watertower 2015.jpg Jones Beach Nov 2008.jpg
Freeport Library-1-.JPG MTA Long Island Bus Orion V CNG 1400.jpg
Nassau University Medical Center.jpg Atlantic Beach New York beach view.jpg
Downtown Wantagh.jpg USPS Lynbrook 11563 jeh.JPG NY 102 approaching NY 24.jpg
Hempstead Transit Center.jpg MTA Long Island Bus Orion V CNG 1422.jpg Inwood LIRR jeh.JPG
Rockville Centre RC Diocese Building.JPG Malverne Station from Hempstead Avenue crossing.jpg
Looking across Baldwin Bay to Baldwin, NY.jpg Freeport, NY - Apt house on Pine Street.jpg
Freeport, NY - Cow Meadow Park Marina pano 01.jpg
Point Lookout from Reynolds Channel 01A (9341523108).jpg Bellmore Village.jpg 98px
Freeport, NY - 9-11 Memorial.jpg Freeport, NY - apartment building on N Grove St.jpg
Point Lookout from Reynolds Channel 02 (9341522034).jpg Point Lookout from Reynolds Channel 13 (9338724193).jpg Nassau Inter-County Express Orion V (2004).jpg
Atlantic Beach view, downtown Hempstead, Uniondale skyline, Wantagh Park, Atlantic Beach from an airplane, Jones Beach Water Tower, Freeport Memorial Library, an MTA bus in downtown, Nassau University Medical Center, Atlantic Beach skyline, Downtown Wantagh, Lynbrook Post Office, Nassau Plaza, Hempstead Transit Center, bus in Rockville Centre, Inwood LIRR station, RC Diocese Building, Malverne (LIRR station) from Hempstead Avenue crossing, panorama looking across Baldwin Bay towards Baldwin, apartment building in Freeport, Cow Meadow Park marina, Point Lookout from Reynolds Channel, Bedford Avenue in Bellmore near the train station, East Rockaway dock, 9-11 Memorial, apartment building in Freeport, NY on North Grove Street, Point Lookout docks, Point Lookout from boat, Pistilli Corporate Centre.
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Location in Nassau County and the state of New York.
Hempstead, New York is located in New York
Hempstead, New York
Hempstead, New York
Location within the state of New York
Coordinates: Lua error in Module:Coordinates at line 668: callParserFunction: function "#coordinates" was not found.
Country United States
State New York
County Nassau
 • Type Town council
 • Town supervisor Anthony J. Santino (R)
 • Town council
 • Total 191.3 sq mi (495.5 km2)
 • Land 120.0 sq mi (310.7 km2)
 • Water 71.4 sq mi (184.8 km2)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 759,757
 • Density 4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 516
Website www.toh.li

Hempstead is the most populous town in the US, and is one of the three towns in Nassau County, New York, United States, occupying the southwest part of the county. Twenty-two incorporated villages are completely or partially in the town. Hempstead's combined population was 759,757 at the 2010 Census, the majority of the population of the county and by far the most of any town in New York. Also, a village named Hempstead is within the Town.

If the town were to be incorporated as a city, it would be the second-largest city in New York behind New York City and ahead of Buffalo. It would be the 16th-largest city in the country, between Columbus, Ohio and Fort Worth, Texas. The town's population density is greater than that of Columbus and Fort Worth.

Part of Hofstra University's north campus is located in Hempstead.


The town was first settled around 1644 following the establishment of a treaty between English colonists, John Carman and Robert Fordham, and the Lenape Indians in 1643. Although the settlers were from the English colony of Connecticut, a patent was issued by New Amsterdam after the settlers had purchased land from the local natives. This transaction is depicted in a mural in the Hempstead Village Hall, reproduced from a poster commemorating the 300th anniversary of Hempstead Village.

In local Dutch-language documents of the 1640s and later, the town was invariably called Heemstede,[2] and several of Hempstead's original 50 patentees were Dutch, suggesting that Hempstead was named after the Dutch town and/or castle Heemstede, which are near the cities of Haarlem and Amsterdam. However, the authorities possibly had Dutchified a name given by co-founder John Carman, who was born in 1606 in Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire, England, on land owned by his ancestors since the 13th century.[3]

In 1664, the settlement under the new Province of New York adopted the Duke's Laws, austere statutes that became the basis upon which the laws of many colonies were to be founded. For a time, Hempstead became known as "Old Blue", as a result of the "Blue Laws".[3]

During the American Revolution, the Loyalists in the south and the American sympathizers in the north caused a split in 1784 into "North Hempstead" and "South Hempstead".[citation needed] With the 1898 incorporation of the Borough of Queens as part of the city of New York, and the 1899 split of Queens County to create Nassau County, some southwestern portions of the Town of Hempstead seceded from the town and became part of the Borough of Queens.

Richard Hewlett, who was born in Hempstead, served as a Lieutenant Colonel with the British Army under General Oliver De Lancey in the American Revolution. Afterward, Hewlett departed the United States with other Loyalists and settled in the newly created Province of New Brunswick in what later became Canada. A settlement there was named Hampstead, in Queen's County next to Long Island in the Saint John River.[citation needed]

Government and politics

The town is headed by the Supervisor, currently Anthony J. Santino (R-East Rockaway). The responsibilities of the office include presiding over meetings of the Town Council and directing the legislative and administrative function of that body. The position also entails creating and implementing the town's budget. Santino succeeds Kate Murray, who was the town's first female supervisor. One famous former supervisor was Republican Alfonse D'Amato, who later represented New York in the United States Senate from 1981 to 1999.

Prior to 1994, the town also had a Presiding Supervisor, who along with the Supervisor, sat on what was then Nassau County's main governmental body, the Board of Supervisors, along with the Supervisors of the towns of North Hempstead and Oyster Bay and the independent cities of Long Beach—formerly a part of Hempstead Town until its incorporation as a separate municipality in 1922—and Glen Cove, which had been carved out of Oyster Bay Town in 1917. Typically, the Presiding Supervisor, besides chairing the weekly county Board of Supervisors meetings, acted as the senior official in the town government with the Supervisor in a more junior, subordinate role; a number of Supervisors moved up to Presiding Supervisor whenever that office became vacant, including, in succession during the 1970s, Ralph G. Caso and Francis T. Purcell, both of whom later went on to become the county executive, and then Al D'Amato, before he moved up to the Senate. Having the Presiding Supervisor on the county board along with the Supervisor gave Hempstead - by far the most populous of the county's three towns and two cities - the most clout on that body. However, in 1993-94, a federal judge ruled that the board's makeup violated the one-person, one-vote constitutional principle and also gave no representation to the country's growing minority population.[4] As a result of that ruling, the Board of Supervisors was replaced by a 19-member county legislature. Gregory P. Peterson served as the last Presiding Supervisor, as the position was abolished with the demise of the county board.

The Town Council comprises six voting members, elected from a councilmanic district. Their primary function is to adopt the annual budget, adopting and amending the town code and the building zone ordinances, adopting all traffic regulations, and hearing applications for changes of zone and special exceptions to zoning codes.

As of 2015, the council members are:

  1. Dorothy L. Goosby (D-Hempstead Village)
  2. Edward A. Ambrosino (R-North Valley Stream)
  3. Bruce A. Blakeman (R-Atlantic Beach)*
  4. Anthony J. Santino (R-East Rockaway)
  5. Erin King Sweeney (R-Wantagh)*
  6. Gary Hudes (R-Levittown)
  • Appointed to the Town Council in January of 2015 to fill vacancies[5]

Other elected officials in the town include the clerk and the receiver of taxes. The clerk is responsible for issuing birth, marriage, and death certificates and is considered the town's record keeper. The clerk is currently Nasrin Ahmad of Salisbury. The Receiver of Taxes is Donald X. Clavin, Jr., of Garden City, New York.

State and federal representation

Hempstead is part of New York's 2nd and 4th Congressional Districts. District 2, represented by Peter T. King (R-Seaford), is the southern and eastern portions of the town, while District 4, formerly represented for nine terms by Carolyn McCarthy (D-Mineola) and since the beginning of 2015 by Kathleen Rice (D-Garden City), covers the northern and western portions of the town.

Hempstead is in parts of New York's 6th, 7th, 8th, and 9th Senatorial Districts. They are currently represented by Kemp Hannon (R), Jack Martins (R), Michael Venditto (R), and Dean Skelos (R), respectively.

Eight assembly districts are either within or partly within the town. They are Districts 12, 14–15, and 17–22. The assembly members are Joseph Saladino (R), Brian F. Curran (R), Michael Montesano (R), Thomas McKevitt (R), Earlene Hill Hooper (D), David G. McDonough (R), Todd Kaminsky (D), and Edward Ra (R), Michaelle Solages (D), respectively.

County legislators

Hempstead has 12 county legislative districts either within or in part of the town. They are districts 1–8, 13–15, and 19. The legislators who represent those districts are:
1. Kevan Abrahams
2. Robert Troiano
3. Carrie Solages
4. Denise Ford
5. Laura Curran
6. C. William Gaylor, III
7. Howard Kopel
8. Vincent Muscarella
13. Norma L. Gonsalves
14. Laura Schaefer
15. Dennis Dunne, Sr.
19. Steven D. Rhoads


Though the town government is still controlled by the Republicans (and has been for almost the entire history of the party), town voters in recent years leaned Democratic in elections on the state and federal level. In the last three presidential elections, the Democrat has won decisively in Hempstead (Bill Clinton received 56% in 1996, Al Gore received 58% in 2000 and John Kerry got 53% in 2004). Democratic Senator Chuck Schumer won Hempstead by a large margin in 2004, and Democratic County Executive Thomas Suozzi won in 2001 and 2005.


According to a Newsday survey, the Town of Hempstead is Long Island's 47th largest single employer with a total of 1,974 employees.[citation needed]

Lufthansa and Swiss International Air Lines have their United States headquarters in East Meadow.[6][7][8] At one time Swiss operated its United States office at 776 RexCorp Plaza in the EAB Plaza in Uniondale. The airline moved from 41 Pinelawn Road in Melville, Suffolk County around 2002.[9][10]


Wantagh Parkway approach to Jones Beach. Centered is the Jones Beach Water Tower.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 191.3 square miles (495.5 km²). 120.0 square miles (310.7 km²) of it is land and 71.4 square miles (184.8 km²) of it (37.30%) is water.

The west town line is the border of Queens County, New York, in New York City. Its northern border is along the main line of the Long Island Rail Road and along Old Country Road in Garden City heading east towards the Wantagh Parkway. Its eastern border runs parallel (and several hundred feet west of) Route 107. To the south is the Atlantic Ocean, off the coast of Atlantic Beach, Lido, Pt. Lookout, and Jones Beach. The town is located on Long Island.

The most popular beach on the east coast of the United States, Jones Beach is located in Hempstead. The beach is a popular destination for Long Islanders and residents of New York City. The beach itself receives about six million visitors a year.


The town of Hempstead contains 22 villages and 37 hamlets:




Railroad lines

The Long Island Rail Road's Main Line runs through the northwestern part of the town with stations from Bellerose through Merillon Avenue in Garden City. The Hempstead Branch breaks away from the Main Line in Floral Park, and uses stations from Bellerose into Hempstead. The West Hempstead Branch runs from Valley Stream northeast to West Hempstead. Further south in the town, the Babylon Branch runs from the New York City Line into southern portions of the Town of Oyster Bay with stations between Valley Stream and Seaford. Also the Far Rockaway Branch branches off from Valley Stream and curves to the southwest from that station through Inwood before finally re-entering the city in the Rockaways. Just east of there, the Long Beach Branch breaks away at Lynbrook and runs southeast into Long Beach.

Bus service

The Town of Hempstead is served primarily by Nassau Inter-County Express bus routes, though some MTA Bus Routes enter Nassau County from Queens. The City of Long Beach also has a separate bus service.

Major roads


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 3,828
1800 4,141 8.2%
1810 5,084 22.8%
1830 6,215
1840 7,609 22.4%
1850 8,811 15.8%
1860 12,376 40.5%
1870 13,999 13.1%
1880 18,164 29.8%
1890 23,756 30.8%
1900 27,066 13.9%
1910 44,297 63.7%
1920 70,790 59.8%
1930 186,735 163.8%
1940 259,318 38.9%
1950 432,506 66.8%
1960 740,738 71.3%
1970 801,592 8.2%
1980 738,517 −7.9%
1990 725,639 −1.7%
2000 755,924 4.2%
2010 759,757 0.5%
Est. 2014 770,116 [12] 1.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]

As of the census[14] of 2010, there were 759,757 people, 246,828 households, and 193,513 families residing in the town. The population density was 6,301.3 inhabitants per square mile (2,433.0/km²). There were 252,286 housing units at an average density of 2,103.0 per square mile (812.0/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 59.9% White, 16.5% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 5.2% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.5% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.4% of the population.

There were 246,828 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.2% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.6% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.02 and the average family size was 3.41.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the town was $84,362, and the median income for a family was $96,080.[1] Males had a median income of $50,818 versus $36,334 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,153. About 4.0% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.6% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

State parks


  1. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. J.A. Jacobs, The Colony of New Netherland: A Dutch Settlement in Seventeenth Century America, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, pages 87, 268, 273-4
  3. 3.0 3.1 "History of The Village of Hempstead". The Incorporated Village of Hempstead. 2006. Retrieved August 9, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. http://www.nytimes.com/1994/06/09/nyregion/judge-says-he-will-create-nassau-legislature-his-own-if-supervisors-fail-act.html
  5. http://www.newsday.com/long-island/towns/bruce-blakeman-erin-king-sweeney-to-be-appointed-to-hempstead-town-board-1.9802864
  6. "Contact us". SWISS USA. Retrieved on January 29, 2011. "1640 Hempstead Turnpike East Meadow, NY"
  7. "Ticket copy request." Lufthansa. Retrieved on January 29, 2011. "1640 Hempstead Turnpike East Meadow, NY 11554."
  8. "East Meadow CDP, New York." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 29, 2011.
  9. "Contact Us SWISS USA." Swiss International Air Lines. Retrieved on January 20, 2009.
  10. Anastasi, Nick. "SwissAir USA HQ heads to market.(Swiss International Airlines moves to Uniondale)." Long Island Business News. June 7, 2002. Retrieved on January 25, 2009.
  11. "Town of Hempstead Map". Retrieved 2007-12-23.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links