Henry Bachtold

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Henry Bachtold
DSO MC
File:Henry Bachtold.JPG
Born 22 August 1891
Stanningley, Yorkshire
Died 9 May 1983
Sylvania, Sydney
Buried at Woronora Cemetery and Crematorium, Sutherland, New South Wales
Service/branch Australian Engineers
Years of service 1914–22
1940–43
Rank Brigadier
Service number NX100435
Commands held 14th Field Company
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Companion of the Distinguished Service Order
Military Cross
Spouse(s) Dorothy Garner
Other work Railway engineer

Henry Bachtold DSO MC (22 August 1891 – 9 May 1983) was an Australian soldier and railway engineer.[1] He fought during World War I as an engineer with the 1st Field Company at the Gallipoli Campaign, where he was mentioned in despatches and awarded the Military Cross.[2][3] He commanded the 14th Field Company at the Battle of Polygon Wood, for which he was appointed a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order.[4] Bachtold commanded the engineers of the 5th Australian Division in 1917–18 and the engineers of the 3rd Australian Division in 1918. He was mentioned in dispatches four times during World War I and ended the war as a lieutenant colonel. During 1942 and 1943, Bachtold was the Chief Engineer of II Corps, after which he was placed in reserve with the honorary rank of brigadier. Bachtold retired from the Department of Railways New South Wales in 1962 and died on 9 May 1983.

Early life and World War I

Bachtold was born on 22 August 1891 at Stanningley, the son of Heinrich and Ann Bachtold. He was educated at the University of Manchester between 1908 and 1910 and graduated with a Bachelor of Engineering. Bachtold immigrated to Australia in August 1911 and shortly afterwards became an engineering draftsman with New South Wales Government Railways. He enlisted in the 1st Australian Imperial Force with the rank of second lieutenant on 23 September 1914.[5] Bachtold was posted to the 1st Field Company of the Australian Engineers.[6]

The 1st Field Company departed Melbourne on 22 December 1914 aboard HMAT Berrima. Bachtold participated in the initial landing at ANZAC Cove on 25 April 1915 and was awarded a Military Cross for gallantry under fire and mentioned in despatches.[7][8][9] He was promoted to lieutenant on the day of the landing and was promoted again to temporary captain in July 1915. Bachtold participated in the building of underground tunnels for mines under the Turkish lines.[10]

In November 1915, Bachtold was transferred to Egypt on special duty and was confirmed as a captain a month later. In March 1916, Bachtold took command of the 14th Field Company,[11] and was promoted to major on 19 April. The 14th Field Company embarked for France in June 1916 and joined the fighting on the Western Front the following month, serving around Pas-de-Calais until October when the company was moved to the Somme Department.[1] Bachtold was mentioned in despatches a second time in January 1917.[12]

In March 1917, the company participated in the pursuit after the German withdrawal to the Hindenburg Line. Bachtold was mentioned in despatches a third time in June 1917.[13] He acted as the Commander, Royal Engineers, 5th Australian Division four times between April 1917 and January 1918, and was appointed as a Companion of the Distinguished Service Order for gallantry at the Battle of Polygon Wood.[4]

In May 1918, Bachtold became the Commander Royal Engineers, 3rd Australian Division,[14] and was promoted to temporary lieutenant colonel on 8 June 1918. He was later confirmed in that rank. He was mentioned in despatches a fourth time in December 1918.[15]

Later life

Bachtold returned to Australia on 8 July 1919 with his wife, Dorothy Garner, whom he had married the previous year.[16] He was transferred to the Reserve of Officers in 1922. Bachtold was called up in the Citizen Military Forces in September 1940. Bachtold became Chief Engineer Eastern Command in February 1941 as a temporary colonel. Between April 1942 and March 1943, Bachtold was the Chief Engineer II Corps. He was transferred to the Reserve of Officers as an honorary brigadier in July 1943. He was appointed as the Railways' Assistant Chief Civil Engineer, Workshops in July 1946. Bachtold retired in November 1952. Bachtold died on 9 May 1983 at the age of 91. He is buried at the Woronora Cemetery and Crematorium.[17]

References

Citations

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Henry Bachtold, DSO, MC (1891–1993)". Army Museum of New South Wales. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Australians Honoured: Capt. Henry Bachtold MC". Sydney Morning Herald. 9 November 1915.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Honours and Awards: Henry Bachtold". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Honours and Awards: Henry Bachtold". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Henry Bachtold". The AIF Project. University of New South Wales Canberra.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. McNicoll 1979, p. 19.
  7. "Honours and Awards: Henry Bachtold". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. "Honoured By the King and Mentioned in Despatches". The Sydney Mail. National Library of Australia. 17 November 1915. p. 6. Retrieved 24 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. McNicoll 1979, p. 42.
  10. Hart, Peter (2011). Gallipoli. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 200. ISBN 9780199836871.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. McNicoll 1979, p. 41.
  12. "Supplement to the London Gazette". London Gazette. 4 January 1917. p. 254. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Honours and Awards: Henry Bachtold". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. McNicoll 1979, p. 124.
  15. "Honours and Awards: Henry Bachtold". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  16. "Osterley's Party". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 9 July 1919. p. 12. Retrieved 24 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  17. "Henry Bachtold". Find-a-grave.com. 7 May 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

Bibliography

  • McNicoll, Ronald (1979). The Royal Australian Engineers 1902 to 1919: Making and Breaking. History of the Royal Australian Engineers. 2. Canberra, Australian Capital Territory: Royal Australian Engineers Corps Committee. ISBN 0-959687122.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>