Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst

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Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst
Lord President of the Council
In office
24 November 1779 – 27 March 1782
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Lord North
Preceded by The Earl Gower
Succeeded by The Earl Camden

Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst PC KC (20 May 1714 – 6 August 1794), known as The Lord Apsley from 1771 to 1775, was a British lawyer and politician. He was Lord Chancellor of Great Britain from 1771 to 1778.

Background and education

Bathurst was the eldest son of Allen Bathurst, 1st Earl Bathurst, and his wife Catherine (née Apsley). Educated at Balliol College, Oxford, he was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1736, and became a King's Counsel in 1745.[1]

Political and judicial career

In April 1735 he had been elected member of parliament for Cirencester, and was rewarded for his opposition to the government by being made solicitor-general and then attorney-general to Frederick, Prince of Wales. Resigning his seat in parliament in April 1754 he was made a judge of the Court of Common Pleas in the following month. He was admitted to the Privy Council and appointed Lord High Chancellor in January 1771, when he was raised to the peerage as Baron Apsley, in the County of Sussex. Having succeeded his father as second Earl Bathurst in September 1775, he resigned his office somewhat unwillingly in July 1778 to enable Lord Thurlow to join the cabinet of Lord North. In November 1779 he was appointed Lord President of the Council, and left office with North in March 1782.[1]


Lord Bathurst married firstly Anne James in 1754. After her death in 1758 he married secondly Tryphena, daughter of Thomas Scawen, in 1759. He died at Oakley Grove near Cirencester on 6 August 1794,[1] aged 80, and was succeeded in the earldom by his son from his second marriage, Henry. Lady Bathurst died in 1807. Apsley House, in Hyde Park, known as "Number One London", was built for him by Robert Adam. It was sold in 1807 to the first Marquess of Wellesley, who sold it in 1817 to his famous brother, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington.



  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2F1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica%2FBathurst%2C_Earls "Bathurst, Earls" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Thomas Master
Member of Parliament for Cirencester
With: Thomas Master 1735–1747
Thomas Master 1747–1749
John Coxe 1749–1754
Succeeded by
Benjamin Bathurst
John Dawnay
Political offices
Preceded by
In Commission
Lord Chancellor
Succeeded by
The Lord Thurlow
Preceded by
The Earl Gower
Lord President of the Council
Succeeded by
The Lord Camden
Preceded by
The Earl of Hardwicke
Teller of the Exchequer
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Allen Bathurst
Earl Bathurst
Succeeded by
Henry Bathurst
New creation Baron Apsley