Henry Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy

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Henry Dalziel

James Henry Dalziel, 1st Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy PC (24 April 1868 – 15 July 1935), known as Sir Henry Dalziel, Bt, between 1918 and 1921, was a British newspaper proprietor, Liberal politician and supporter of David Lloyd George.

Background and education

Dalziel was born in Borgue, Kirkcudbrightshire, the son of James Dalziel, a shoemaker. He was educated at Borgue Academy, Shrewsbury High School, and King's College London.[1]


Originally a journalist, Dalziel became Member of Parliament (MP) for Kirkcaldy Burghs in 1892. He was also an outspoken advocate of home rule for Scotland, Ireland and Wales. After his retirement he joined the National Party of Scotland. In 1914 he became sole owner of Reynolds's News, in which he had long had a financial interest. He also bought the Pall Mall Gazette in 1917 and the same year was given the Freedom of the City of Kirkcaldy.[2] Lloyd George made him chairman and political director of the Daily Chronicle in 1918. He sold all his newspaper interests in 1922. Dalziel was knighted in 1908,[3] appointed to the Privy Council in 1912,[4] created a Baronet, of Brooklands, Chobham, in the County of Surrey, in 1918[5] and raised to the peerage as Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy, of Marylebone in the County of London, in the 1921 Birthday Honours.[6] A recently published book "Kirkcaldy's Parliamentarians" by David Potter has an informative chapter on Dalziel's political life.

Personal life

Lord Dalziel of Kirkcaldy married Amy (née Thackery), widow of Donald Macreae, in July 1928 at the British Embassy in Paris.[2] They had no children. He died in July 1935, aged 67, when the baronetcy and barony became extinct.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 thepeerage.com James Henry Dalziel, 1st and last Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Men and Women of Today". Dundee Courier. 25 April 1931. Retrieved 18 December 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. Unknown parameter |subscription= ignored (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. The London Gazette: no. 28206. p. 9650. 18 December 1908.
  4. The London Gazette: no. 28621. p. 4549. 25 June 1912.
  5. The London Gazette: no. 30655. p. 5064. 26 April 1918.
  6. The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 32346. p. 4529. 4 June 1921.

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir George Campbell
Member of Parliament for Kirkcaldy Burghs
Succeeded by
Tom Kennedy
Media offices
Preceded by
William Thompson
Editor of Reynold's News
1907 – 1920
Succeeded by
J. Crawley
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Dalziel of Kirkcaldy
1921 – 1935
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baronet
(of Brooklands, Chobham, in the County of Surrey)
1918 – 1935