Henry Eaton, 1st Baron Cheylesmore
Henry William Eaton, 1st Baron Cheylesmore (13 March 1816 – 2 October 1891) was a British businessman, Conservative politician, and art collector.
The son of Henry Eaton, he was head of William Eaton & Sons, China-silk brokers. He was also Member of Parliament for Coventry from 1865 to 1880, and from 1885 to 1887. The latter year, in Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee Honours, Eaton was raised to the peerage as Baron Cheylesmore, of Cheylesmore in the City of Coventry and County of Warwick.
Lord Cheylesmore married Charlotte, daughter of Thomas Leader Harman, of New Orleans in 1839. They had three sons and one daughter. His wife died in 1877 and his eldest son two years later. Cheylesmore died in October 1891, aged 75, and was succeeded in the barony by his second son William.
Cheylesmore was a significant art collector, mainly of contemporary British painting. The star of his collection, and his posthumous sale at Christie's in May 1892 (lot numbers and prices realized noted), was undoubtedly The Monarch of the Glen (lot 42, £7,245) by Sir Edwin Landseer, one of the most popular paintings of the age. Altogether 31 of the 86 lots were by Landseer, many bought at his studio sale in 1874. Other artists with several works included William Powell Frith, lots 19-21, the Biblical Orientalist Frederick Goodall, lots 22-28, David Roberts, lots 71-73, and the American sculptor Hiram Powers, with three busts as lots 84-86.
Though the Monarch, which in 1916 passed into company ownership for exploiting in advertising, was perhaps too expensive, his son William bought back four paintings which he bequeathed to the National Gallery, London in 1902. These included two of the next most expensive works, The Execution of Lady Jane Grey (1833) by Paul Delaroche (lot 78, £1,575), and Cromer Sands by William Collins (lot 15, £2,205). Sunday in the Backwoods by Thomas Faed and now in Wolverhampton Art Gallery (lot 18, £1,785), and the second most expensive painting in the sale was Saint Michael's Mount, The Morning after the Storm, by Clarkson Frederick Stanfield (lot 74, £3,150). Five other Landseers fetched between £892 and £1,680, this for lot 60, Flood in the Highlands, also in his son's bequest but refused by the National Gallery, and now Aberdeen Art Gallery.
- Christie's, Catalogue of the important collection of modern pictures and sculpture formed by the late Rt. Hon. Lord Cheylesmore, auction catalogue, London, May 7, 1892, online copy with prices realized added by hand
- Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1968 edition)
- Antony Griffiths (ed), Landmarks in Print Collecting - Connoisseurs and Donors at the British Museum since 1753, 1996, British Museum Press, ISBN 0714126098
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages [self-published source][better source needed]
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs [self-published source][better source needed]
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Henry Eaton
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir Joseph Paxton
|Member of Parliament for Coventry
1865 – 1880
With: Morgan Treherne 1865–1867
Henry Mather Jackson 1867–1868
Samuel Carter 1868
Alexander Staveley Hill 1868–1874
Sir Henry Mather Jackson 1874–1881
Henry Mather Jackson
Sir Henry Mather Jackson
|Member of Parliament for Coventry
With: William Wills 1881–1885
William Henry Walter Ballantine
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|New creation||Baron Cheylesmore