Henry Nicholas Ridley

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Henry Nicholas Ridley
Henry Nicholas Ridley, Botanist (1855-1956).jpg
Born (1855-12-10)December 10, 1855
Died October 24, 1956(1956-10-24) (aged 100)
Nationality British
Fields Botany
Institutions Singapore Botanic Gardens
Known for Rubber industry on the Malay peninsula
Notable awards Linnean Medal (1950)
Fellow of the Royal Society[1]
Author abbrev. (botany)

Henry Nicholas Ridley CMG (1911), MA (Oxon), FRS,[1] FLS, F.R.H.S. (10 December 1855 – 24 October 1956) was an English botanist and geologist.

Life

Born at West Harling Hall, Norfolk, England. Ridley was the first Scientific Director of the Singapore Botanic Gardens from 1888 to 1911.[3]

Ridley spent many years promoting rubber as a commercial product, which he was known for being passionate; therefore, he was nicknamed "Mad Ridley".[4] In 1895, he discovered a means of tapping which did not seriously damage the rubber trees.[3] Ridley was also largely responsible for establishing the rubber industry on the Malay peninsula,[5] where he resided for twenty years before publishing, in 1930, a seminal and comprehensive work on plant dispersal. This work was the culmination of his own observations over several years, and a review of widely scattered literature on the subject.[6]

Ridley retired from Singapore in 1911 and resided in England for the remainder of his life. On his 100th birthday in 1955 he received a visit from the High Commissioner of the soon-to-be independent Malaya.[3]

Publications

  • . (1889-01-19), Botanical papers, Singapore: Royal Asiatic Society, Straits BranchCS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (1889), Report on the destruction of coco-nut palms by beetles, Singapore: the Government Printing OfficeCS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (July 1897), "Malay plant names", The Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society, Royal Asiatic Society, 30: 32–120 [S.l.]CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • ., The story of the rubber industry, with an appendix by L. Lewton-Brain, showing the growth of the rubber industry in Malaya from 1905 to 1912, London: WaterlowCS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (1907), Materials for a flora of the Malayan Peninsula, Singapore: the Methodist Pub. HouseCS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (1909), The Scitamineae of the Philippine Islands, Manila: Bureau of PrintingCS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (1912), Spices, London: MacmillaCS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (1922–25), Flora of the Malay Peninsula, Vols 1-5, London: L. Reeve & co.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • . (1930), The Dispersal of Plants Throughout the World, Ashford, Kent: L. Reeve & CoCS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Salisbury, E. J. (1957). "Henry Nicholas Ridley 1855-1956". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 3: 141–126. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1957.0010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Author Query for 'Ridl.', International Plant Names Index Invalid |mode=CS1 (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Cornelius-Takahama, Vernon (29 March 2001), Sir Henry Nicholas Ridley, Singapore: National Library Board Singapore<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Leng, Dr Loh Wei; Keong, Khor Jin (19 September 2011). "Mad Ridley and the rubber boom". Malaysia History. Retrieved 4 June 2015.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Holttum, R.E. (January–February 1957), "Henry Nicholas Ridley, C. M. G., F. R. S. 1855-1956", Taxon, International Association for Plant Taxonomy (IAPT), 6 (1): 1–6, JSTOR 1217861.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Book review (14 March 1931), "The Dispersal of Plants throughout the World", Nature, 127 (3202): 399–400, doi:10.1038/127399a0<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links