Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 4th Marquess of Lansdowne

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The Most Honourable
The Marquess of Lansdowne
Under-Secretary of State
for Foreign Affairs
In office
5 July 1856 – 26 February 1858
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by The Lord Wodehouse
Succeeded by William Vesey-FitzGerald
Personal details
Born 7 January 1816 (1816-01-07)
Lansdowne House, London
Died 5 July 1866 (1866-07-06) (aged 50)
Lansdowne House, London
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) (1) Lady Georgiana Herbert
(2) Comtesse Emily de Flahaut (1819–1895)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Henry Thomas Petty-Fitzmaurice, 4th Marquess of Lansdowne KG (7 January 1816 – 5 July 1866), styled Lord Henry Petty-FitzMaurice until 1836 and Earl of Shelburne between 1836 and 1863, was a British politician.

Background and education

Born Lord Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, he was the second son of Henry Petty-FitzMaurice, 3rd Marquess of Lansdowne, and Lady Louisa Emma, daughter of Henry Fox-Strangways, 2nd Earl of Ilchester. He was educated at Westminster and Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] On the early death of his elder brother the Earl of Kerry in 1836 he became known by the courtesy title Earl of Shelburne.[2]

Political career

After graduation, he entered the Commons as MP for Calne in 1837. He served under Lord John Russell as a Lord of the Treasury from 1847 to 1848. In 1856, he was called up to the House of Lords in his father's barony of Wycombe and was Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs under Lord Palmerston from that year until 1858. On the death of his father in 1863, Lord Shelburne succeeded to his titles and was made a Knight of the Garter a year later.


On 18 August 1840, he married Lady Georgiana Herbert (a daughter of the 11th Earl of Pembroke), but she died six months later. He then married Comtesse Emily de Flahault (the eldest daughter of Charles Joseph, comte de Flahaut and the 2nd Baroness Keith) on 1 November 1843 in Vienna and they had three children:

Lord Lansdowne died suddenly from an attack of apoplexy on 5 July 1866;[3] his titles were inherited by his eldest son, Henry.[4]


  1. "Fitzmaurice, Lord Henry Petty (FTSY833HP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. thepeerage.com
  3. "The New Administration". The Illustrated London News. Illustrated London News & Sketch Limited. 7 July 1866.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. thepeerage.com

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. John Fox-Strangways
Member of Parliament for Calne
Succeeded by
Sir William Williams, Bt
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Ebrington
Junior Lord of the Treasury
Succeeded by
Preceded by
The Lord Wodehouse
Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
William Vesey-FitzGerald
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Petty-FitzMaurice
Marquess of Lansdowne
Succeeded by
Henry Petty-FitzMaurice
Baron Wycombe
(writ of acceleration)