Henry Woodward (geologist)

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Henry Woodward
Born (1832-11-24)24 November 1832
Norwich, England
Died 6 September 1921(1921-09-06) (aged 88)
Fields Geology, Paleontology
Institutions British Museum of Natural History
Known for Invertebrate paleontology
Notable awards Murchison Medal
Wollaston Medal
Children Henry P. Woodward

Martin F. Woodward
Alice B. Woodward

Gertrude M. Woodward

Henry Bolingbroke Woodward (24 November 1832 – 6 September 1921) was an English geologist and paleontologist known for his research on fossil crustaceans and other arthropods.[1]

Woodward was born Norwich, England on 24 November 1832 and was educated at Norwich School.

He became assistant in the geological department of the British Museum in 1858, and in 1880 keeper of that department. He became Fellow of the Royal Society in 1873, LL.D (St Andrews) in 1878, president of the Geological Society of London (1894–1896). He was awarded the Murchison Medal in 1884 and Wollaston Medal in 1906.[1] Woodward was president of the Geologists' Association for the years 1873 and 1874, president of the Malacological Society in 1893–1895, president of the Museums Association for the year 1900,[2] and president of the Palaeontographical Society from 1895 (upon the death of incumbent president T. H. Huxley) to his own death in 1921.

He published a Monograph of the British Fossil Crustacea, Order Merostomata (Palaeontograph. Soc. 1866-1878); A Monograph of Carboniferous Trilobites (Pal. Soc. 1883-1884), and many articles in scientific journals. He was editor of the Geological Magazine from its commencement in 1864 and sole editor from July 1865 until the end of 1918.[1] Woodward's collection of shells, manuscripts and casts of fossil vertebrates can be found in the archives of the Cambridge University Museum of Zoology.[3]


Henry's father, Samuel Woodward, was a noted geologist and antiquary. Henry's brother Bernard Bolingbroke Woodward became a noted librarian and antiquary while his brother Samuel Pickworth Woodward became a professor of geology and natural history. Henry Woodward had two sons, both of whom died before he did; the eldest, Henry Page Woodward was also a noted geologist who worked in Australia. Henry's second son, Martin, was a promising zoologist killed in a boating accident.[4] Henry also had five daughters, two of whom- Alice B. Woodward and Gertrude Mary Woodward- worked in biological illustration,[1][5] although Alice was primarily known for her children's book illustrations.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Obituary. Henry Woodward". The Geological Magazine. LVIII (XI): 481–484. November 1921.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "WOODWARD, Henry". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 1932.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "Cambridge University Museum of Zoology: Histories & Archives". Retrieved 22 March 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Obituary: Martin F. Woodward". The Irish Naturalist. 10: 212. 1901.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Natural History Museum entry for Gertrude Mary Woodward
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). [https%3A%2F%2Fen.wikisource.org%2Fwiki%2F1911_Encyclop%C3%A6dia_Britannica%2FWoodward%2C_Samuel "Woodward, Samuel" ] Check |ws link in chapter= value (help). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>