Hiesville

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Hiesville
Allied glider that crash-landed.jpg
Hiesville is located in France
Hiesville
Hiesville
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Country France
Region Normandy
Department Manche
Arrondissement Cherbourg-Octeville
Canton Sainte-Mère-Église
Intercommunality communauté de communes de Sainte-Mère-Église
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Agnès Bouffard
Area1 4.03 km2 (1.56 sq mi)
Population (2006)2 67
 • Density 17/km2 (43/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 50246 / 50480
Elevation 2–38 m (6.6–124.7 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Hiesville (other spellings: Yeville, or Hevilla)[1] is a commune in the Manche department in north-western France.[2] A small commune, Hiesville covers an area of just 4.03 km2 (1.56 sq mi). It is bounded by Boutteville to the north, Blosville to the west, Sainte-Marie-du-Mont to the east, and Vierville to the south, and lies several kilometres from the Normandy coast.

The population was 67 as of 2006. It was 148 in 1871.[1]

Etymology

It was known as Hevilla in 1164, de Heevilla in 1180, and Hievilla in 1327, It derives from the cognate hedo (translated from the Greek, meaning "delight" or "sweet"), and villa (translation: "village").[3]

History

Early residents

Michel le Loup, of Yeville (Hiesville), was knighted in the year 1543.[4] The nobleman and squire, Guillaume Bellot of Hiesville was knighted in 1594.[1] In 1598, Maurice du Praël owned the fiefdom and was the Lord of Hiesville.[5] Eight years later, in 1606, the noblemen of Hiesville included Jacques Richier, Sieur de Colombières, a Calvinist; Jacques Bellot, Sieur de Callouville; and Pierre Lelong, Sieur de Limarcst, also a Calvinist.[5] By 1789, Lord of Hiesville was Joseph-Bon-Pierre Le Vavasseur.[1]

World War II

There are three memorials related to the invasion of Normandy during World War II in the area as it was where the gliders of the 101st Airborne Division landed.[6][7] Officers of the 101st Airborne Division set a hospital up at the Chateau de Colombières which was at the north end of Hiesville,[8] near Omaha Beach.[9]

Landmarks

Notable buildings include the Église Saint-Côme Saint-Damien[10] and the 17th century Château de Hiesville which was also renovated in the 19th century.

Église Saint-Côme Saint-Damien, the parish church, is an oblong square, and consists of a chancel and a nave. Built in the 13th century and renovated in the 19th century, it is dedicated to the patron saints of Saints Cosmas and Damian.[1] Since 1803, it was an annex of Blosville, but this relationship ended in 1856.[5]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Annuaire du Département de la Manche (in French). 42-45. De l'impr. de J. Elie. 1870. p. 30. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Hiesville information on communes.com".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. Nègre, Ernest (1996). Toponymie Generale de la France 2 Volumes Etymologie de 35,000 Noms de Lieux (in French). 2. Librairie Droz. p. 954. ISBN 2-600-00133-6. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Lebeurier, Pierre-François (1866). État des anoblis en Normandie de 1545 à 1661: avec un supplément de 1398 à 1687 (in French). P. Huet. p. 150. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Lecanu, Auguste François (1878). Histoire du diocèse de Coutances et Avranches depuis les temps les plus reculés jusqu'à nos jours: suivie des̀ Actes des saints (in French). 2. Impr. de Salettes. pp. 439–440. C1 control character in |pages= at position 5 (help) <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. "HIESVILLE Manche - 5 km north of Carentan The death of an American General".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Zaloga, Steven J.; Gerrard, Howard (2004). D-Day 1944: Utah Beach & Us Airborne Landings. Volume 104 of Campaign Series (Osprey Publishing). p. 33. ISBN 1-84176-365-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Bando, Mark (2001). 101st Airborne: The Screaming Eagles at Normandy. Zenith Imprint. p. 43. ISBN 0-7603-0855-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. Balkoski, Joseph (2006). Utah Beach: The Amphibious Landing and Airborne Operations on D-Day, June 6, 1944. Stackpole Books. p. 143. ISBN 0-8117-3377-7.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. "Eglise Paroissiale Saint-Côme, Saint-Damien à Hiesville (50)". Patrimoine de France. Retrieved September 30, 2010.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Robert, Adolphe; Bourloton, Edgar; Cougny, Gaston (1891). Dictionnaire des parlementaires français: comprenant tous les membres des assemblées françaises et tous les ministres français depuis le 1er mai 1789 jusqu'au 1er mai 1889, avec leurs noms, état civil, états de services, actes politiques, votes parlementaires, etc (in French). 4. Bourloton. p. 22. <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>